Category Archives: Australian Region

Tropical Cyclone Marcus Strengthens North of Australia

A Tropical Low north of Australia strengthened on Thursday and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Marcus.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Marcus was located at latitude 10.3°S and longitude 132.6°E which put it about 190 miles (320 km) northeast of Darwin, Australia.  Marcus was moving toward the southeast at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology had issued a Warning for the portion of the coast from Maningrida to Daly River Mouth including Darwin and the Tiwi Islands.  A watch was in effect for the portion of the coast from the Daly River Mouth to the Mitchell Plateau.

The circulation inside a Tropical Low north of Australia became better organized on Thursday which led the Australian Bureau of Meteorology to designate the system as Tropical Cyclone Marcus.  A primary band of showers and thunderstorms wrapped around the western and northern sides of the center of circulation.  Other bands of showers and storms were developing in other parts of the circulation.  Storms near the core of Marcus were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Marcus will be moving through an environment mostly favorable for intensification.  Marcus will be moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It is moving in an area where the upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear.  The only factor that could inhibit intensification is the proximity of Tropical Cyclone Marcus to the northern coast of Australia.  If the center of Marcus remains north of the coast, then the tropical cyclone is likely to intensify.  If the center moves over land, then a slow weakening would occur.

Tropical Cyclone Marcus is currently moving toward the southeast, but a subtropical ridge over Australia will turn Marcus toward the southwest when it approaches the coast.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Marcus will approach the northern coast of Australia in about 24 hours.  It is likely to move across the Cobourg Peninsula and over the Van Diemen Gulf.  Tropical Cyclone Marcus could be near Darwin in about 36 hours.  Marcus is forecast to continue southwest over the Timor Sea.

Tropical Cyclone Marcus is likely to bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to the northernmost portions of the Northern Territory of Australia.  The center will pass close to Darwin and it could bring gusty winds and drop heavy rain over that city.

Tropical Low Forms North of Australia

A Tropical Low formed north of Australia late on Wednesday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of the Tropical Low as located at latitude 9.2°S and longitude 130.9°E which put it about 155 miles (250 km) north of Milikapiti, Australia.  It was moving toward the east at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 30 m.p.h. (45 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1004 mb.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued a Watch for the portion of the coast from Milingimbi to Daly River Mouth including Darwin and the Tiwi Islands.

A center of circulation developed in an area of showers and thunderstorms north of Australia late on Wednesday and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology classified the system as a Tropical Low.  The circulation was still organizing.  A short band of showers and thunderstorms wrapped around the southern and western sides of the center.  Other short rainbands were developing in other parts of the circulation.  Storms near the center of circulation were just beginning to generate upper level divergence.

The Tropical Low will move through an environment somewhat favorable for intensification.  It will mover over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  Westerly winds in the upper levels will cause some vertical wind shear, which will inhibit intensification.  However, the shear is not likely to be strong enough to prevent intensification.  The Tropical Low is likely to strengthen during the next 24 hours.  After that time the intensity will be influenced by how much of the circulation is over Australia.

The Tropical Low is being steered to the east by westerly winds north of Australia.  Those winds are forecast to weaken and the Tropical Low is expected to turn south toward the coast of Australia.  A subtropical ridge over Australia is expected to turn the Tropical Low toward the southwest in a day or so.  On its anticipated track the Tropical Low could be near the northern coast of Australia in 24 to 36 hours.  It could pass near the Cobourg Peninsula, Melville Island and Bathurst Island.  The Tropical Low could also bring gusty winds and heavy rain to the area near Darwin.

Tropical Cyclone 13P Develops Over the Coral Sea

Tropical Cyclone 13P developed over the Coral Sea northwest of New Caledonia on Monday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone 13P was located at latitude 17.2°S and longitude 159.7°E which put it about 550 miles (885 km) northwest of Noumea, New Caledonia.  It was moving toward the south at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

A distinct low level center of circulation developed within an area of showers and thunderstorms over the Coral Sea on Monday.  The strongest rainband extended from northeast of the center, south of the the center and then west of the center.  Additional rainbands were forming in other part of the circulation.  Storms near the center of circulation were beginning to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the south of the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone 13P will move through an environment favorable for intensification on Tuesday.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  An upper level trough near the east coast of Australia is producing northerly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  The core of Tropical Cyclone 13P is east of the strongest upper level winds, but the winds are causing moderate vertical wind shear.  Despite the vertical shear, the tropical cyclone is forecast to intensify during the next 24 hours.

Tropical Cyclone 13P is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering it toward the south.  There is some variability in the guidance from the numerical models about the future strength of the ridge.  Some models do not strengthen the ridge much and those model predict that Tropical Cyclone 13P will move almost straight southward.  Other models increase the strength of the ridge and steer the tropical cyclone more toward the south-southwest.  A general motion toward the south or south-southwest seems most likely during the next 24 to 36 hours.  On its anticipated track the core of Tropical Cyclone 13P would pass west of New Caledonia, but it could move closer to the east coast of Australia.

Stronger Tropical Cyclone Kelvin Makes Landfall in Western Australia

A stronger Tropical Cyclone Kelvin made landfall on the coast of Western Australia near Anna Plains on Saturday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Kelvin was located at latitude 19.4°S and longitude 121.9°E which put it about 60 miles (95 km) east-northeast of Sandfire, Australia.  Kelvin was moving toward the east-southeast at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 95 m.p.h. (155 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 975 mb.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued a Warning for the portion of the coast from Broome to Wallal Downs and the Warning extends inland to include Telfer.

Tropical Cyclone Kelvin intensified very rapidly before it made landfall on the coast of Western Australia.  Kelvin strengthened in a few hours from a minimal tropical storm to the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.  A small circular eye developed at the center of circulation.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in the ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Kelvin was a small tropical cyclone.  Winds to tropical storm force only extended out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Kelvin intensified enough to be capable of causing wind damage, but locally heavy rain is the greater risk.  The small size of Kelvin will limit the area of heavy rain, but there could be enough rain in some areas to create the potential for floods.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued Flood Warnings for the North Kimberly District, the West Kimberly District, and the Sandy Desert.  Flood Watches were issued for the De Grey Rivers and the Salt Lake District Rivers.  Tropical Cyclone Kelvin will weaken as it moves farther inland, but Kelvin will take longer to spin down because it strengthened so much before landfall.

Tropical Cyclone Kelvin Develops Near Western Australia

Tropical Cyclone Kelvin developed near the coast of Western Australia on Saturday.  At 1:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Kelvin was located at latitude 19.2°S and longitude 120.9°E which put it about 60 miles (95 km) north-northeast of Wallal Downs, Australia.  Kelvin was moving toward the east at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 988 mb.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology issued a Warning for the portion of the coast from Broome to Pardoo Roadhouse and the Warning extended inland to include Telfer.

A Tropical Low meandered near the coast of Western Australia during the past several days.  The Tropical Low moved off the coast and strengthened into Tropical Cyclone Kelvin on Saturday.  The circulation of Kelvin is small.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  Even though it is small, the circulation of Tropical Cyclone Kelvin is well organized.  There is a distinct low level center of circulation.  Thunderstorms are occurring near the center of circulation.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms are revolving around the core of Tropical Cyclone Kelvin.  The storms in the core are generating upper level divergence which is pumping away mass.

Tropical Cyclone Kelvin will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next few hours.  Kelvin will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It is moving near the southwestern end of an upper level ridge and the upper level winds are weak.  There is little vertical wind shear.  The only factor inhibiting intensification is the proximity to the coast of Western Australia.  Tropical Cyclone Kelvin is likely to intensify until it makes landfall on the coast of Western Australia.  Kelvin should gradually weaken when it moves inland.

The upper level ridge is steering Tropical Cyclone Kelvin slowly toward the east.  That general motion is forecast to continue for several more hours.  Kelvin is likely to move more toward the southeast when it nears the coast.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Kelvin could make landfall on the coast of Western Australia between Bidyadanga and Wallal Downs within the next 12 hours.  Kelvin will bring gusty winds to the coast, but locally heavy rain and flooding are greater risks.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology has issued Flood Warnings for the North Kimberly District and the West Kimberly District,  Flood Watches have been issued for the Kimberly and North Pilbara District catchments.  An Initial Flood Warning has been issued for the Sandy Desert.

Tropical Cyclone Joyce Brings Wind and Rain to Western Australia

Tropical Cyclone Joyce brought wind and rain to Western Australia on Thursday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Joyce was located at latitude 19.6°S and longitude 120.9°E which put it about 20 miles (35 km) northeast of Wallal Downs, Australia.  Joyce was moving toward the southwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 989 mb.

The center of Tropical Cyclone Joyce moved along the coast of Western Australia from Bidyadanga toward Wallal Downs on Thursday.  Tropical Cyclone Joyce brought gusty winds up to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) to portions of the coast.  The fact that almost half the circulation of Joyce was flowing over land kept the tropical cyclone from intensifying significantly.  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms were occurring in the southwestern half of the circulation.  Fewer showers and thunderstorms were in the northeastern half of Tropical Cyclone Joyce, except for a couple of small bands in the periphery of the circulation near Cape Leveque.

Tropical Cyclone Joyce is being steered toward the southwest by a subtropical ridge and that motion is expected to continue for several more days.  On its anticipated track the center of Joyce will move inland near Wallal Downs.  It will continue inland on Friday and the center will pass near Shay Gap and Marble Bar.  A Tropical Cyclone Warning is in effect for the portion of the coast from Bidyadanga to De Grey.  Tropical Cyclone Joyce will gradually weaken when it moves inland, but it will continue to drop locally heavy rain over parts of Western Australia when it moves inland.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology has issued Flood Warnings and Watches for portions of Western Australia.

Tropical Cyclone Joyce Develops Near Western Australia

Tropical Cyclone Joyce developed near Western Australia on Wednesday when a Tropical Low moved over the South Indian Ocean.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Joyce was located near latitude 17.0°S and longitude 121.6°E which put it about 80 miles (125 km) north-northwest of Broome, Australia.  Joyce was moving toward the south-southwest at 5 m.p.h. (7 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

A Tropical Low moved from Western Australia off the coast and over the warm water of the South Indian Ocean on Wednesday.  The circulation of the system organized after the center moved over water and the inner core became more well developed.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Joyce.  A Tropical Cyclone Warning was issued for the portion of the coast from Cape Leveque to De Grey including Broome and adjacent inland parts of Western Australia.  A Tropical Cyclone Watch was issued for the portion of the coast from De Grey to Dampier including Port Headland, Karratha and adjacent inland areas.

The circulation of Tropical Cyclone Joyce exhibited the classical appearance of an organizing tropical cyclone on Wednesday.  There was a well defined low level center of circulation.  Numerous bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the center of circulation.  Storms in the core of Joyce were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Joyce will be moving through an environment favorable for intensification during the next day or so.  Joyce will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  The upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear.  Warm water and little vertical wind shear will allow Joyce to strengthen and it could intensify rapidly.  Tropical Cyclone Joyce is forecast to strengthen into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon during the next 36 hours.

Tropical Cyclone Joyce is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering Joyce toward the south-southwest.  The ridge is forecast to steer Joyce in a general southwesterly direction during the next several days.   On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Joyce could make landfall on the coast of western Australia between Wallal Downs and De Grey in about 36 hours.

Tropical Low Forms Over Western Australia

A Tropical Low formed over Western Australia on Monday and a Tropical Cyclone Watch was issued for a portion of the coast.  At 2:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of the Tropical Low was located at latitude 15.9°S and longitude 126.1°E which put it about 135 miles (220 km) west-southwest of Wyndham, Australia.  It was moving toward the southwest a 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 20 m.p.h. (30 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (85 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1005 mb.  The Australia Bureau of Meteorology has issued a Tropical Cyclone Watch for the portion of the coast of Western Australia from Kuri Bay to Wallal Downs including Broome.

The circulation of the Tropical Low is still organizing.  There is a broad low level center of circulation, but there are not many showers and thunderstorms near the center.  There are numerous bands of showers and storms developing in bands on the eastern and western peripheries of the circulation.  The strongest wind gusts are occurring in those storms.  The lack of storms near the center of circulation is keeping the system from generating much upper level divergence.

The core of the Tropical Low is likely to remain over land for another 12-24 hours, which will inhibit the organization of the circulation.  When the center moves off the coast and over the South Indian Ocean, it will move into an environment favorable for intensification.  The Sea Surface Temperature of the water west of the coast of Western Australia is near 30°C.  The Tropical Low is moving north of the axis of a subtropical ridge.  The ridge is producing easterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation, but there is not a lot of vertical wind shear.  The Tropical Low is likely to strengthen when it moves over water and it could intensify rapidly if a more concentrated center of circulation develops.

A subtropical ridge is current steering the Tropical Low toward the southwest, but a general motion toward the west-southwest is expected during the next 24 to 48 hours.  The Tropical Low will reach the western end of the ridge in about two days and then it will turn more toward the south.  On its anticipated track the center of the Tropical Low is expected to move off the coast between Kuri Bay and Derby on Tuesday.  The center is forecast to pass near Cape Leveque and then turn south toward Wallal Downs.

Elsewhere over the South Indian Ocean, Tropical Cyclone Ava continued to swirl near southern Madagascar and stronger Tropical Cyclone Irving was passing well to the south of Diego Garcia.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Ava was located at latitude 27.7°S and longitude 46.8°E which put it about 180 miles (295 km) south of Farodofay, Madagascar.  Ava was moving toward the west-southwest at 17 m.p.h. (27 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 994 mb.

At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Irving was centered at latitude 19.6°S and longitude 76.1°E which put it about 875 miles (1415 km) south-southeast of Diego Garcia.  Irving was moving toward the west-southwest at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (205 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 960 mb.  Tropical Cyclone Irving was the equivalent of a Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.

Former Tropical Cyclone Hilda Drops Heavy Rain Over Western Australia

Former Tropical Cyclone Hilda dropped heavy rain over Western Australia on Friday.  At 11:00 a.m. EST on Friday the center of former Tropical Cyclone Hilda was located at latitude 22.7°S and longitude 123.6°E which put it about 50 miles (80 km) east-northeast of Telfer, Australia.  Hilda was moving toward the southeast at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

Although the center has been over land for more than a day, the circulation of former Tropical Cyclone Hilda is still well organized.  There is a well defined low level center of circulation and strong thunderstorms are occurring around the center.  Several bands of thunderstorms are revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms near the core are generating strong upper level divergence which is pumping away mass.  The upper level divergence is preventing the surface pressure from increasing and that is allowing the surface low to maintain its intensity.

Storms near the core of former Tropical Cyclone Hilda and the rainbands are dropping heavy rain over parts of Western Australia.  That region is normally dry and the potential for flash floods exists.  The Australian Bureau of Meteorology has issued Flood Warnings for the Sandy Desert and West Kimberly District.  They have also issued Flood Watches for the De Grey River, Salt Lakes and Warburton District Catchments.  The storms generated by former Tropical Cyclone Hilda could also cause localized wind damage, but the greatest risk is posed by the heavy rain.

Tropical Cyclone Hilda Develops on Coast of Western Australia

A Tropical Low near the coast of Western Australia strengthened and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Hilda. At 10:00 a.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Hilda was located at latitude 18.0°S and longitude 122.1°E which put it about 10 miles (15 km) west-southwest of Broome, Australia.  Hilda was moving toward the south-southwest at 8 m.p.h. (12 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (85 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 85 m.p.h. (140 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 985 mb.  Broome Port reported a wind gust to 86 m.p.h. (139 km/h).

The center of the Tropical Low moved off the coast of Western Australia and the core of the circulation strengthened.  Thunderstorms in the core of Tropical Cyclone Hilda generated strong upper level divergence which pumped mass away from the center of circulation.  The removal of mass allowed the surface pressure to decrease quickly and the wind speeds increased.  The strongest winds were occurring over water near the center of circulation.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Hilda is a small tropical cyclone.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 35 miles (55 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Hilda will be moving through an environment that will support further intensification during the next 12 hours.  The Sea Surface Temperature of the water near the coast of Western Australia is near 30°C.  Tropical Cyclone Hilda is underneath an upper level ridge and the upper level winds are weak.  There is little vertical wind shear.  The proximity to land is the only factor preventing rapid intensification of Tropical Cyclone Hilda.  Almost half of the circulation is over land and the increased friction is reducing the wind speeds in that part of Tropical Cyclone Hilda.

Tropical Cyclone Hilda is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge, which is steering the tropical cyclone toward the south-southwest.  A general motion toward the south-southwest is expected to continue for another 12 to 24 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Hilda could pass near Bidyadanga during the next 6 to 12 hours.  Hilda will bring gusty winds capable of producing localized minor wind damage.  A Warning is in effect for the portion of the coast from Beagle Bay to Pardoo Roadhouse.  The core of Tropical Cyclone Hilda will drop locally heavy rain near the coast of Western Australia and flash flooding is possible.