Tropical Storm Son-tinh moved across Hainan Island on Tuesday. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Son-tinh was located at latitude 18.9°N and longitude 108.5°E which put it about 15 miles (25 km) southwest of Dongfang, China. Son-tinh was moving toward the west at 21 m.p.h. (34 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.
The center of Tropical Storm Son-tinh moved east to west across the southern half of Hainan Island on Tuesday. In spite of moving over the island, the circulation of Tropical Storm Son-tinh retained its organization. There was still a distinct low level center of circulation. A primary rainband wrapped around the southern and eastern portions of the center. Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Son-tinh. The strongest rainbands were in the western half of the tropical storm. The circulation of Tropical Storm Son-tinh remains small. Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation.
Tropical Storm Son-tinh will move through an environment somewhat favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours. Son-tinh will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C. It will move south of an upper level ridge. The ridge will produce northeasterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation. Those winds will create moderate vertical wind shear, but the shear will not be strong enough to prevent intensification. Tropical Storm Son-tinh could strengthen after it moves west of Hainan Island and the center of circulation moves back over water. Son-tinh is likely to reach the coast of Vietnam in 12 to 18 hours and it will weaken after landfall.
The ridge north of Son-tinh steered the tropical storm quickly toward the west on Tuesday. It will continue to steer Tropical Storm Son-tinh in a general westerly direction on Wednesday. On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Son-tinh will move steadily west of Hainan Island. Locally heavy rain and gusty winds should gradually diminish there on Wednesday. Son-tinh is likely to make landfall on the coast of Vietnam near Vinh in 12 to 18 hours and then move across Vietnam toward Laos. Tropical Storm Son-tinh will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain, but its impact will be lessened because of the small size of the circulation. The heavy rain could cause flooding in isolated locations.
Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Depression 12W formed east of Luzon. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Depression 12W was located at latitude 18.9°N and longitude 126.1°E which put it about 545 miles (875 km) south of Okinawa. It was moving toward the west at 12 m.p.h. The maximum sustained wind speed was 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.