Tag Archives: Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Gaja Makes Landfall in Southern India

Tropical Cyclone Gaja made landfall on the coast of southern India just south of Nagappattinam on Thursday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Storm Gaja was located at latitude 10.5°N and longitude 79.7°E which put it about 10 miles (15 km) south of Nagappattinam, India.  Gaja was moving toward the west-southwest at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 974 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja strengthened rapidly into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon while it approached the coast of Southern India.  A small circular eye formed at the center of circulation.  A ring of strong thunderstorms surrounded the eye and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Tropical Cyclone Gaja.  The circulation of Gaja was small, which allowed it to strengthen quickly before landfall.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force only extended out about 10 miles (15 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force only extended out about 65 miles (105 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja produced winds strong enough to cause damage in the area near Nagappattinam.  Those winds could bring a storm surge of 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.5 meters) near where the center made landfall.  The small size of Tropical Cyclone Gaja and the fact it did not intensify until it neared the coast will limit the magnitude of the storm surge.  Gaja is forecast to move westward across southern India.  Tropical Cyclone Gaja will weaken when it moves inland but it will drop locally heavy rain over Tamil Nadu, Kerala and southern Karnataka.  The heavy rain could cause flash flooding in those regions.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja will weaken while it moves across southern India.  The small size of the circulation and mountains in that area will contribute to a fairly rapid weakening.  The circulation in the lower levels could be seriously disrupted when it moves over the mountains, but the circulation in the middle levels may persist.  Some numerical models are forecasting that Tropical Cyclone Gaja could strengthen back into the equivalent of a tropical storm when it moves over the Arabian Sea.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja Moves Closer to Southern India

Tropical Cyclone Gaja moved closer to southern India and strengthened on Wednesday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Gaja was located at latitude 11.7°N and longitude 83.6°E which put it about 260 miles (420 km) east of Cuddalore, India.  Gaja was moving toward the southwest at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja strengthened on Wednesday.  More thunderstorms developed near the center of circulation.  Some microwave images exhibited the appearance of an eyelike feature in the lower levels.  The inner end of a rainband appeared to be wrapping around the center of Gaja.  There were several bands of stronger thunderstorms in the western half of Tropical Cyclone Gaja.  Rainbands in the eastern half of the tropical cyclone consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  The storms around the center of circulation were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the northeast of Gaja.  The circulation around Tropical Cyclone Gaja was relatively small.  Winds to tropical storm force only extended out about 65 miles (105 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours.  Gaja will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move southwest of an upper level ridge.  The ridge will produce southeasterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds will restrict upper level divergence to the southeast of Gaja.  They will also cause moderate vertical wind shear, which is probably the reason why most of the stronger thunderstorms are occurring in the western half of the circulation.  The wind shear will slow intensification, but Tropical Cyclone Gaja will strengthen during the next 24 hours.  Gaja could intensify to the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja will move south of a ridge in the middle troposphere during the next 48 hours.  The ridge will steer Gaja on a track that is a little south of straight westward.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Gaja will approach the coast of southern India in about 24 hours.  Gaja will make landfall in Tamil Nadu between Cuddalore and Nagappattinam in a little over a day.  It could be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it makes landfall.  Gaja will bring strong winds and it could cause a storm surge of 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.5 metres) at the coast.  Tropical Cyclone Gaja will drop locally heavy rain over portions of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja Forms Over Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Gaja formed over the Bay of Bengal on Sunday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Gaja was located at latitude 12.9°N and longitude 86.7°E which put it about 500 miles (805 km) east of Chennai, India.  Gaja was moving toward the west-southwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1002 mb.

An area of low pressure moving over the Bay of Bengal strengthened on Sunday and the India Meteorological Department classified the system as Tropical Cyclone Gaja.  The circulation around Tropical Cyclone Gaja is still organizing.  There is a distinct low level center of circulation.  A short band of thunderstorms is west and north of the center.  Several other bands of showers and thunderstorms are developing in other parts of Tropical Cyclone Gaja.  One stronger band is east of the center of circulation and another stronger band is southeast of the center.  Storms near the center are beginning to generate upper level divergence which will pump mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Gaja will move through an environment somewhat favorable for intensification during the next 48 hours.  Gaja will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move south of an upper level ridge.  The ridge will produce easterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation.  The winds will cause some vertical wind shear, but the shear will not be strong enough to prevent intensification.  Tropical Cyclone Gaja will intensify and it could be nearly equivalent to a hurricane/typhoon in two or three days.

The upper level ridge will steer Tropical Cyclone Gaja in a generally west-southwesterly direction.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Gaja will approach the coast of southern India in about 72 hours.  Gaja could be nearly the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon at that time.

Elsewhere, over the South Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Alcide still was moving slowly east of the northern end of Madgascar and Tropical Cyclone Bouchra developed between Diego Garcia and Cocos Island.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Alcide was located at latitude 12.3°N and longitude 51.9°E which put it about 170 miles (275 km) east of Antisiranana, Madagascar.  Alcide was moving toward the northwest at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

At 4:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Bouchra was located at latitude 5.4°S and longitude 89.1°E which put it about 700 miles (1130 km) northwest of Cocos Island, Australia.  Bouchra was moving toward the east at 2 m.p.h. (3 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Titli Brings Wind and Rain to India

Tropical Cyclone Titli brought wind and rain to India on Wednesday night when it made landfall.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Titli was located at latitude 19.1°N and longitude 84.4°E which put it about 30 miles (50 km) southwest of Brahmapur, India.  Titli was moving toward the west-northwest at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 955 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Titli intensified rapidly on Wednesday prior to making landfall on the coast of India near Brahmapur.  An eye developed at the center of circulation and a ring of strong thunderstorms formed around the eye.  The strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 50 miles (80 km) from the center of Tropical Cyclone Titli.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 170 miles (275 km) from the center of circulation.

The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Tropical Cyclone Titli was 17.8.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 16.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Index (HWISI) was 34.1.  Tropical Cyclone Titli was capable of causing regional serious damage.

Tropical Cyclone Titli will move around the western end of an upper level ridge over the Bay of Bengal.  The ridge will steer Titli toward the north during the next 24 hours and then the tropical cyclone will move toward the northeast in a day or so.  On its anticipated track Tropical   Cyclone Titli will move slowly northward in Orissa state in India on Friday.  Titli will cause wind damage and it will drop locally heavy rain over Orissa.  The heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.  Tropical Cyclone Titli will spin down slowly as it moves north over Orissa.

Tropical Cyclone Titli Forms Over Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Titli formed over the Bay of Bengal on Tuesday.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Titli was located at latitude 15.4°N and longitude 86.3°E which put it about 265 miles (425 km) southeast of Visakhapatnam, India.  Titli was moving toward the north-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

A distinct center of circulation formed within a large cluster of thunderstorms over the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Meteorological Department designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Titli.  The circulation of Titli was still organizing.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming close to the center of circulation on the western side of the tropical cyclone.  Other bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming on the periphery of the eastern side of the circulation.  Storms near the center of Titli were starting to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Titli will be moving through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 36 hours.  Titli will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move under the western end of an upper level ridge.  The ridge will produce southeasterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation, but the vertical wind shear will not be strong enough to prevent intensification.  Tropical Cyclone Titli is forecast to strengthen into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon during the next 24 to 36 hours.

The upper level ridge will steer Tropical Cyclone Titli slowly toward the north-northwest during the next two days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Titli will make landfall on the coast of India near Brahmapur in about 36 hours.  Titli will likely be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it makes landfall.  It will bring strong winds and heavy rain to parts of northeastern India.  The strong winds will produce a storm surge of 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 meters) at the coast.  The heavy rain could cause flash flooding when Tropical Cyclone Titli moves inland.

Elsewhere over the northern Indian Ocean, Tropical Cyclone Luban was gradually strengthening over the Arabian Sea.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Luban was located at latitude 13.5°N and longitude 59.5°E which put it about 450 miles (725 km) east-southeast of Salalah, Oman.  Luban was moving toward the west-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

Tropical Depression Forms Near Southern Tip of Sri Lanka

A tropical depression formed near the southern tip of Sri Lanka on Wednesday.  At 7:00 a.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Depression 96S was located at latitude 6.2°N and longitude 80.0°E which put it about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Galle, Sri Lanka.  It was moving toward the west-southwest at 4 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1004 mb.

A center of circulation formed within a cluster of thunderstorms also designated as Invest 91B and the Indian Meteorological Department classified the system as a Depression.  The circulation in the tropical depression was still organizing.  A large, primary rainband wrapped around the southern and western sides of the center of circulation.  Additional bands of showers and strong thunderstorms were forming in the western half of the circulation.  Bands of showers and isolated thunderstorms were developing in the eastern half of the circulation.  Thunderstorms in the primary rainband were generating upper level divergence which was pumping away mass to the west of the depression.

The depression will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next several days.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  An upper level ridge over India is generating easterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are causing moderate vertical wind shear which is probably the reason why most of the stronger thunderstorms are occurring in the western half of the depression.  The vertical wind shear will inhibit intensification, but it is not likely to prevent strengthening.  The depression is likely to intensify into a stronger tropical cyclone during the next several days.

The ridge over India is steering the tropical depression toward the west-southwest.  The ridge is forecast to steer the depression in a generally westerly direction during the next several days.  On its anticipated track the depression will move away from Sri Lanka and the center will pass south of India.  The depression could cause locally heavy rain and flash floods in parts of Sri Lanka and southern India.

Tropical Depression Forms Over Bay of Bengal

A tropical depression formed over the Bay of Bengal on Wednesday.  At 10:00 a.m. EST on Wednesday the center of the tropical depression was located at latitude 16.2°N and longitude 83.3°E which put it about 105 miles (170 km) south of Visakhapatnam, India.  The depression was moving toward the north-northeast at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.

A low level center of circulation developed on the southwestern edge of a cluster of showers and thunderstorms over the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Meteorological Department classified the system as a depression.  The circulation is not particularly well organized.  As noted above, the low level center is on the southwestern side of showers and thunderstorms.  Several bands of showers and storms formed northeast of the center.  There were not many thunderstorms near the center of circulation.  There were bands of showers and lower clouds in the western half of the circulation.  An upper level trough over India is producing southwesterly winds which are blowing over the top of the depression.  Those winds are causing moderate vertical wind shear, which is tilting the upper part of the depression to the northeast of the low level center of circulation.  The depression also appears to be pulling drier air from India around the western side of the circulation.  The combination of wind shear and drier air is probably responsible for the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms.

The depression will move through an environment that is marginally favorable for intensification.  It will move over water there the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28.5°C.  So, there is enough energy in the upper ocean to support intensification.  However, the upper level trough over India will continue to cause moderate vertical wind shear, which will inhibit the consolidation of the low level circulation.  The depression is also likely to continue to draw in drier air from over India into the western part of the circulation.  The depression could strengthen, but it could also weaken if the upper level winds get stronger.

The trough over India is steering the depression slowly toward the north-northeast and that general motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track the depression is expected to move toward the northern Bay of Bengal during the next several days.  The depression could make landfall over northeastern India or Bangladesh later this week.

The primary risk from the depression will be locally heavy rain, which could cause flash floods in parts of eastern India and Bangladesh.  The wind will push water toward the north coast of the Bay of Bengal and the depression could cause a storm surge of several feet (approximately one meter).

Tropical Cyclone Forms Over Northern Bay of Bengal

A tropical cyclone formed over the northern Bay of Bengal on Thursday.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Thursday the center of the tropical cyclone was located at latitude 20.0°N and longitude 86.5°E which put it about 25 miles (40 km) south-southwest of Paradip, India.  The cyclone was moving toward the north-northeast at 18 m.p.h. (30 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

A center of low pressure developed within a broader area of showers and thunderstorms over the northern Bay of Bengal on Thursday.  A wide band of showers and thunderstorms wrapped around the eastern side of the circulation.  The center of circulation was west of that primary rainband.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms formed in other parts of the circulation.  The circulation exhibited enough organization and characteristics to be classified as a tropical cyclone.  The Indian Meteorological Department was giving the the system a classification of depression.

The tropical cyclone is being steered north by a ridge of high pressure to its east.  On its anticipated track the tropical cyclone with make landfall on the coast of the northern Bay of Bengal within 12 hours.  Although the tropical cyclone is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 31°C and there is not much vertical wind shear, it does not have much time to intensify before the center moves inland.  The tropical cyclone could strenthen a little more prior to landfall.  It will bring a storm surge of several feet (one to two meters) to the coast along the northern Bay of Bengal.  The tropical cyclone will also drop locally heavy rain and flooding could occur in some parts of India and Bangladesh.

Stronger Tropical Cyclone Mora Near Landfall in Bangladesh

A stronger Tropical Cyclone Mora neared landfall between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong, Bangladesh.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Mora was located at latitude 21.8°N and longitude 91.9°E which put it about 90 miles (145 km) south of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Mora was moving toward the north at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 974 mb.  Tropical Cyclone Mora was the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.

The inner core of Tropical Cyclone Mora organized quickly on Monday.  The primary rainband wrapped entirely around the center of circulation and an eye formed.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core Tropical Cyclone Mora.  Thunderstorms near the core of Mora generated strong upper level divergence which pumped out mass and allowed the surface pressure to decrease.  The decrease of pressure caused the surface winds to increase to hurricane/typhoon intensity.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon strength extended out about 25 miles (40 km) from the center.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 150 miles (240 km) from the center.  The strongest winds were occurring in the eyewall and over the Bay of Bengal.

Tropical Cyclone Mora is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge.  The ridge is steering Mora toward the north and that general motion is expected to continue for another 12 to 18 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Mora will move near the coast of Bangladesh between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong.  The center is likely to make landfall near Chittagong during the next few hours.

The recent intensification of Tropical Cyclone Mora has made it a more dangerous storm.  The increased wind speed will increase the potential for wind damage.  In addition, stronger winds will increase the height of the storm surge along the coast.  A storm surge of 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 meters) will be possible along the coast between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong.  The increase in organization of the core has also created the potential for heavier rain and greater fresh water flooding of rivers and streams.

Tropical Cyclone Mora will start to weaken after the center makes landfall.  However, it will continue to generate areas of heavy rain while it moves inland over Bangladesh and northeastern India.

 

Tropical Cyclone 02B Forms Over the Bay of Bengal

A surface circulation formed over the Bay of Bengal on Saturday and the system was designated Tropical Cyclone 02B.  At 8:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone 02B was located at latitude 14.2°N and longitude 88.9°E which put it about 640 miles (1030 km) south-southwest of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  The tropical cyclone was moving toward the north-northeast at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

A low level center of circulation consolidated over the Bay of Bengal on Saturday.  The distribution of thunderstorms was asymmetrical.  Most of the thunderstorms in the inner part of the circulation developed west of the center.  There were some thunderstorms in outer bands northeast of the center, but there were few thunderstorms closer to the core of the circulation in the eastern half of the tropical cyclone.  The thunderstorms west of the center were producing upper level divergence which was pumping away mass to the west of the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone 02B will be moving through an environment that will be favorable for intensification.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge east of the tropical cyclone is generating southeasterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are creating moderate vertical wind shear and the shear may be the reason why the thunderstorms were developing west of the center.  The shear will be strong enough to slow intensification, but it will not prevent intensification.  Tropical Cyclone 02B will intensify during the next two days and it could become the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.

A subtropical ridge located east of Tropical Cyclone 02B is steering it slowly toward the north-northeast.  A general north-northeasterly motion is expected to continue during the next several days.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone 02B could approach the coast of Bangladesh and northwestern Burma in about 48 hours.  Tropical Cyclone 02B could be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon by that time.  It could bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain when it makes landfall.  Heavy rain could cause fresh water flooding of rivers.  In addition the winds on the eastern side of Tropical Cyclone 02B will push water in the Bay of Bengal toward the coast.  A serious storm surge could occur along the coast east and near where the center makes landfall.