Tropical Cyclone Bulbul made landfall southeast of Kolkata, India on Saturday. At 4:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Bulbul was located at latitude 21.8°N and longitude 89.2°E which put it about 75 miles (120 km) southeast of Kolkata, India. Bulbul was movign toward the east-northeast at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 967 mb.
Tropical Cyclone Bulbul made landfall on the coast of West Bengal southeast of Kolkata, India on Saturday. The India Meteorological Department’s weather radar in Kolkata indicated that the eye of Bulbul crossed the coast of West Bengal. Tropical Cyclone Bulbul was the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon at the time of landfall. Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out 35 miles (55 km) from the center of circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 125 miles (200 km) from the center.
The northern section of the eyewall of Tropical Cyclone Bulbul moved across the southeastern part of West Bengal and the southwestern portion of Bangladesh. Thunderstorms in the eyewall were dropping heavy rain over those areas. Bands of showers and thunderstorms in the northeastern part of Bulbul were also dropping heavy rain over other parts of Bangladesh. The heavy rain could cause floods in some locations. Southerly winds blowing around the eastern side of Tropical Cyclone Bulbul were pushing water toward the coast. Bulbul could cause a storm surge of 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 meters) in some coastal locations.
Tropical Cyclone Bulbul will move around the northwestern part of a ridge of high pressure over southeast Asia. The ridge will steer Bulbul toward the east-northeast during the next several days. On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Bulbul will move over coastal areas of Bangladesh between Dhaka and Chittagong. Bulbul will weaken gradually as the center moves over land. The wind speeds and storm surges will gradually decrease. Tropical Cyclone Bulbul will continue to drop heavy rain over southern Bangladesh during the next 24 hours and the threat of fresh water floods will remain.
Powerful Tropical Cyclone Fani made landfall near Puri, India on Thursday night. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Fani was located at latitude 19.4°N and longitude 85.8°E which put it about 25 miles (40 km) south of Puri, India. Fani was moving toward the north-northeast at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 150 m.p.h. (240 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 185 m.p.h. (295 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 922 mb.
Tropical Cyclone Fani is a large dangerous system. Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extend out about 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extend out about 225 miles (360 km) from the center over the Bay of Bengal. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Tropical Cyclone Fani is 31.6. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) is 25.6 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) is 57.2. Tropical Cyclone Fani has the potential to cause widespread significant damage.
Tropical Cyclone Fani will cause the greatest wind damage along the northeast coast of Odisha. It could also produce a significant storm surge along the coast. The surge will be highest in bays, estuaries and mouths of rivers. Fani will drop heavy rain over northeast Odisha, West Bengal and portions of Bangladesh. The heavy rain is likely to cause inland fresh water floods in some locations. Wind and rain could cause damage around Kolkata (Calcutta), India.
An upper level trough over India will steer Tropical Cyclone Fani toward the northeast during the next 48 hours. On its anticipated path Fani will pass near Bhubaneshwar, Cuttack and Baleshwar in Odisha. Tropical Cyclone Fani could still be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it passes near those locations. Fani will weaken steadily while it moves northeast. It is likely to be the equivalent of a tropical storm when it passes near Kolkata. Tropical Cyclone Fani will weaken to the equivalent of a tropical depression when it passes over Bangladesh, but it could still drop heavy rain around Dhaka. Serious flooding could occur in Bangladesh while Fani weakens.