Tag Archives: EP05

Eugene Becomes a Hurricane Southwest of Baja California

Tropical Storm Eugene strengthened rapidly into a hurricane on Saturday as it moved southwest of Baja California.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Hurricane Eugene was located at latitude 14.4°N and longitude 113.5°W which put it about 630 miles (1020 km) south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.  Eugene was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 95 m.p.h. (155 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

A primary raindband wrapped around the center of Hurricane Eugene on Saturday and an eye formed at the center of circulation.  The eye had a diameter of 30 miles (50 km).  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Thunderstorms were generating well developed upper level divergence which was pumping mass away in all directions.  The circulation of Hurricane Eugene was symmetrical and well organized.

Hurricane Eugene was moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) was near 29°C.  Eugene was underneath the western end of an upper level ridge.  The ridge was producing southerly winds which were blowing toward the top of the hurricane, but the vertical wind shear was not very strong.  Eugene is likely to intensify on Sunday.  It will gradually move over cooler SSTs and Hurricane Eugene will move over water where the water is cooler than 26°C on Monday.  When Eugene reaches the cooler SSTs, it will begin a steady weakening trend.

Hurricane Eugene is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering it toward the northwest.  Eugene is expected to continue to move toward the northwest during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Hurricane Eugene will move parallel to the west coast of Baja California.

Tropical Storm Eugene Forms South of Baja California

A distinct center of circulation consolidated within a broader area of low pressure south of Baja California on Friday and the National Hurricane Center classified the system as Tropical Storm Eugene.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Eugene was located at latitude 11.9°N and longitude 111.2°W which put it about 765 miles (1230 km) south of the southern tip of Baja California.  Eugene was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Eugene is large and there are numerous bands of showers and thunderstorms rotating around the center of circulation.  A primary rainband is wrapping around the southern and eastern sides of the center and the strongest winds are occurring northeast of the center of circulation.  The circulation is circular and symmetrical.  Thunderstorms around the core of Eugene are beginning to generate upper level divergence which is pumping out mass in all directions.

Tropical Storm Eugene will move through an environment that is favorable for intensification.  Eugene will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  The upper level winds over Tropical Storm Eugene are relatively weak and there is not a lot of vertical wind shear.  The circulation of Tropical Storm Eugene will continue to consolidate and it is likely to intensify during the weekend.  It is likely to become a hurricane and it could intensify rapidly if an eye forms.

Tropical Storm Eugene is moving near the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering it toward the northwest.  A generally northwesterly motion is expected to continue during the next few days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Eugene would move parallel to the west coast of Baja California and the center would remain west of the coast.

Weaker Tropical Storm Darby Makes Landfall on Big Island of Hawaii

A weakened Tropical Storm Darby made landfall on the southern end of the Big Island of Hawaii on Saturday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Darby was located at latitude 19.3°N and longitude 155.8°W which put it about 195 miles (310 km) southeast of Honolulu, Hawaii.  Darby was moving toward the west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb.

Tropical Storm Warnings are in effect for Oahu, Hawaii County, Maui County including Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Kahoolawe, and Kauai County including Kauai and Niihau.

Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunters investigated Tropical Storm Darby on Saturday and documented its weaker, less well organized structure.  Darby does not have a well formed inner core and the center of low pressure is broad and diffuse.  Most of the rain and thunderstorms are occurring south of the center of circulation.  The remnant of the primary spiral band consists of a short arc of thunderstorms southeast of the center of circulation.  There are few showers in the northern part of the circulation.

Tropical Storm Darby is moving toward water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  However, the center is moving over the Big Island of Hawaii, which will further disrupt the circulation.  Drier, more stable air is north of Darby and that will limit the potential for further convection.  If Darby retains sufficient organization after it moves back over water, it could continue as a tropical storm for another day or so.  However, if passage over land completely destroys the inner core, then Darby could dissipate during the next several days.

Tropical Storm Darby is nearing the western end of a subtropical ridge that has been steering toward the west.  When Darby reaches the end of the ridge, it is expected to turn more toward the northwest, which is why tropical storm warnings are in effect for a number of the Hawaiian Islands.   Locally heavy rain and the potential for flash flooding are the primary threats from Tropical Storm Darby.

Tropical Storm Darby Closes In on Hawaii

Tropical Storm Darby moved closer to Hawaii on Friday and the Tropical Storm Watches were upgraded to Tropical Storm Warnings.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Darby was located at latitude 18.7°N and longitude 152.1°W which put it about 205 miles (335 km) east-southeast of Hilo, Hawaii.  Darby was moving toward the west at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Tropical Storm Warnings are in effect for Hawaii County and Maui County including Maui, Molokai, Lanai and Kahoolawe,  A Tropical Storm Watch has been issued for Maui.

An Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter reconnaissance aircraft investigated Tropical Storm Darby on Friday and provided data from inside the tropical storm.  Darby has an asymmetrical structure.  A primary rainband wraps around the western side of the tropical storm and most of the thunderstorms are west of the center of circulation.  An upper level ridge west of Hawaii is generating northeasterly winds which are blowing over the top of Tropical Storm Darby.  The vertical wind shear caused by the upper level ridge is contributing to the asymmetrical structure of the circulation.  The thunderstorms in the primary rainband are generating some upper level divergence.  Most of the stronger winds are occurring in the northern half of the circulation.

Darby is moving through an environment that is marginal for intensification.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 27.5°C.  However, the vertical wind shear is inhibiting the upper level divergence to the northeast.  The effects of warm SSTs and moderate upper level divergence appear to be offsetting each other and the intensity of Tropical Storm Darby did not change much on Friday.  As Darby moves farther west, the SSTs will start to decrease and the vertical wind shear will increase.  The more hostile environment is expected to cause Darby to weaken during the next few days.

A subtropical ridge north of Darby is steering the tropical storm toward the west.  Darby is moving near the western end of the ridge and it is expected to turn more toward the northwest during the weekend.  On its expected track Tropical Storm Darby is forecast to move near the Big Island of Hawaii on Saturday.  If Darby makes the expected turn toward the northwest, it could affect much of Hawaii.

Tropical Storm Darby will bring strong winds and higher than normal surf to Hawaii.  However, the greatest risk will be caused by winds flowing up slopes, which will produce locally heavy rain and the chance for flash floods.

Tropical Storm Darby Moves Closer to Hawaii and Watches Issued

Tropical Storm Darby moved closed to Hawaii on Thursday and Tropical Storm Watches were issued for some of the islands.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Storm Darby was located at latitude 18.9°N and longitude 147.5°W which put it about 500 miles (800 km) east of Hilo, Hawaii.  Darby was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

A Tropical Storm Watch has been issued for Hawaii County and Maui County including the islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and Kahoolawe.

Tropical Storm Darby is maintaining its structure.  A primary rainband wraps around the north and west sides of the center of circulation.  Strong thunderstorms continue to develop close to the center of circulation.  Those thunderstorms are producing upper level divergence.  Darby is a small tropical storm.  Winds to tropical storm force extend out about 100 miles (160 km) on the north side of the circulation, but they only extend out about 50 miles (80 km) to south of the center.

Tropical Storm Darby is moving through an environment that is marginal for intensification.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 27°C.  So, there is enough energy in the upper ocean to support a tropical cyclones.  However, an upper level ridge centered west of Hawaii is generating northeasterly winds which are blowing over the western half of the circulation.  The moderate vertical wind shear is inhibiting intensification.  Darby maintained its intensity on Thursday as the positive and negative environmental factors effectively balanced each other out.  Darby could continue to maintain its intensity for several more days until it moves over cooler SSTs and into a region of stronger vertical wind shear.

A subtropical ridge north of Darby is steering the tropical storm toward the west.  That general motion is forecast to continue for another 36 hours.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Darby could approach the Big Island of Hawaii in about 36 hours.  It could bring tropical storm force winds to that island.  In addition Darby could cause heavy rain and flash flooding in locations where the wind blows up the slopes on the islands.

Tropical Storm Estelle Forms As Hurricane Darby Nears Peak Intensity

Tropical Storm Estelle developed late Friday over the Eastern North Pacific as Hurricane Darby neared its peak intensity farther west.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Estelle was located at latitude 15.2°N and longitude 108.3°W which put it about 370 miles (600 km) southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico.  Estelle was moving toward the west-northwest at 12 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1005 mb.  Estelle is the fifth tropical storm to form over the Eastern North Pacific during the month of July.

Meanwhile, about 950 miles west of Estelle, Hurricane Darby neared its peak intensity.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Hurricane Darby was located at latitude 17.3°N and longitude 122.1°W which put it about 880 miles (1415 km) west-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.  Darby was moving toward the west-northwest at 9 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 972 mb.

The large circulation around Tropical Storm Estelle is still organizing.  A primary rainband is wrapping around the western side of the center.  Several spiral bands of thunderstorms are forming farther away from the core of the tropical storm.  Storms near the center are beginning to produce upper level divergence, but it is not currently well developed.

The environment around Estelle is favorable for gradual intensification.  Estelle is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  An upper level ridge north of Estelle is generating easterly winds which are blowing over the top of the tropical storm.  There is enough vertical wind shear to slow the rate of intensification, but the shear is probably not strong enough to keep Estelle from intensifying.  Storms like Estelle with large initial circulations can intensify slowly as a tighter core develops within the larger circulation.

Hurricane Darby is a well formed mature hurricane.  It has a well developed eye surrounded by a narrow ring of strong thunderstorms.  Several spiral bands are rotating around the core of Darby.  The thunderstorms near the center of circulation are generating upper level divergence which is pumping out mass in all directions.

Hurricane Darby is probably close to its peak intensity.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 27°C and Darby will be moving over cooler water during the next few days.  There is not much vertical wind shear, and Darby may have a chance to intensify during the next 12 to 24 hours.  However, Darby will reach cooler water in about a day and then the hurricane will being to weaken.

A subtropical ridge located north of Hurricane Darby and Tropical Storm Estelle is expected to steer both cyclones toward the west during the next few days.

Tropical Storm Darby Intensifies as Hurricane Celia Weakens

Tropical Storm Darby intensified on Tuesday as it moved in the trail of weakening Hurricane Celia.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Darby was located at latitude 15.4°N and longitude 110.4°W which put it about 520 miles (835 km) south of the southern tip of Baja California.  Darby was moving toward the west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Farther west Hurricane Celia continued to weaken slowly on Tuesday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Hurricane Celia was located at latitude 18.0°N and longitude 110.4°W which put it about 1360 miles (2190 km) west of the southern tip of Baja California.  Celia was moving toward the northwest at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 986 mb.

More thunderstorms developed near the center of Tropical Storm Darby on Tuesday.  However, most of the stronger thunderstorms were southwest of the center of circulation.  An upper level ridge near the west coast of Mexico was producing northeasterly winds which are blowing over the top of the tropical storm.  The vertical wind shear caused the asymmetric distribution of convection.  Despite the vertical wind shear the circulation in the lower levels was well developed.

Tropical Storm Darby is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C and Darby is expected to intensify into a hurricane.

Hurricane Celia is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 25°C.  Since the hurricane is extracting less energy from the ocean, the thunderstorms are not as tall and Celia is slowly weakening.  The hurricane is in an area where the vertical wind shear is minimal and so the weakening trend is likely to occur at a slower rate than normal.

A subtropical ridge north of the Celia and Darby is steering the two tropical storms toward the west and that general motion is expected to continue for the next few days.