Hurricane Dorian brought powerful winds to Nova Scotia on Saturday. At 8:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Hurricane Dorian was located at latitude 45.0°N and longitude 67.9°W which put it about 45 miles (75 km) northeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Dorian was moving toward the northeast at 30 m.p.h. (48 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 120 m.p.h. (195 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 960 mb.
Hurricane Warnings were in effect for Lower East Pubnico to Brule, Nova Scotia and from Indian Harbour to Hawke’s Bay, Newfoundland. Hurricane Watches were in effect for Prince Edward Island and for the Magdalen Islands. Tropical Storm Warnings were issued for Prince Edward Island and from Avonport to Lower East Pubnico, Nova Scotia. A Tropical Storm Warning was in effect for New Brunswick from Fundy National Park to Shediac. A Tropical Storm Warning was issued for the portion of the coast from Indian Harbour to Stone’s Cove, Newfoundland. Tropical Storm Warnings were issued for the portions of the coast from Hawke’s Bay to Fogo Island and from Mutton Bay to Mary’s Harbour.
Hurricane Dorian maintained its intensity and increased in size on Saturday while it sped across the northwestern Atlantic Ocean to the Canadian Maritime provinces. Winds to hurricane force extended out about 115 miles (185 km) on the southern side of Hurricane Dorian. Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 300 miles (480 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Hurricane Dorian was 16.5. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 26.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 42.8. Hurricane Dorian was capable of causing widespread serious damage.
There were reports of wind damage and widespread power outages around Nova Scotia even before the center of Hurricane reached that area. The large circulation around Dorian brought tropical storm force winds to Nova Scotia a few hours before the center made landfall. The center of Hurricane Dorian officially made landfall south of Halifax, Nova Scotia on Saturday evening.
Hurricane Dorian had almost completed a transition to a large powerful extratropical cyclone. That transition contributed to the increase in size of the circulation. The strongest part of Hurricane Dorian will move across Nova Scotia during the next few hours. The winds are likely to cause additional damage on Saturday night. Hurricane Dorian will race across Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island and New Brunswick on Saturday night. Dorian will move over Newfoundland and southeastern Labrador on Sunday. Hurricane Dorian has the potential to cause serious damage in all of those locations.
Tropical Storm Chantal formed southeast of Nova Scotia on Tuesday night. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Chantal was located at latitude 40.2°N and longitude 56.2°W which put it about 485 miles (780 km) southeast of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Chantal was moving toward the east at 22 m.p.h. (35 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1010 mb.
A small low pressure system that was near the coast of the Carolinas during the weekend began to exhibit tropical characteristics on Tuesday night and the National Hurricane Center designated the system as Tropical Storm Chantal. Thunderstorms developed closer to the center of circulation when the low moved near the Gulf Stream and the strongest winds were occurring closer to the center. Although the circulation around Chantal looked more tropical, the distribution of thunderstorms was still asymmetrical. Many of the stronger storms were occurring in the eastern half of the circulation. Bands in the western half of the circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. Tropical Storm Chantal was far enough north that it was in the region of westerly winds in the upper levels. Those winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear and they were the primary reason for the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms.
Tropical Storm Chantal will move through an environment only marginally favorable for intensification during the next several days. Chantal will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 25°C. It will continue to be in a region of moderate westerly winds in the upper levels, which will cause vertical wind shear. Tropical Storm Chantal could intensify slowly if the upper level winds do not get any stronger. However, Chantal could weaken if the upper level winds do get stronger.
Tropical Storm Chantal will move around the northern end of a ridge in the middle troposphere over the Atlantic Ocean. The ridge will steer Chantal toward the east during the next 24 hours. Chantal could move more toward the southeast on Thursday when it nears the western end of the ridge. On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Chantal is forecast to make a slow loop in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
A low pressure system associated with former Tropical Storm Beryl reorganized north of Bermuda on Saturday and the National Hurricane Center designated the system as Subtropical Storm Beryl. At 2:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Subtropical Storm Beryl was located at latitude 36.4°N and longitude 65.7°W which put it about 575 miles (930 km) south-southwest of Halifax, Nova Scotia. Beryl was moving toward the northeast at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1010 mb.
The remnants of former Tropical Storm Beryl moved slowly across the northern Caribbean Sea and then over the southeastern Bahamas to a position northwest of Bermuda. A low pressure system formed at the surface. Bands of showers and thunderstorms developed and began to revolve around the the low pressure system. The low pressure system moved under the eastern side of an upper level trough. The trough contains colder air in the upper levels and it was also producing southwesterly winds which were blowing toward the top of the surface low pressure system. The southwesterly winds were generating moderate vertical wind shear and the strongest rainbands were occurring on the eastern side of the surface low. Some drier air was moving around the western and southern part of the upper level trough, which may have contributed to the weaker bands on the western side of the circulation. The presence of the upper level trough and the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms around the surface low prompted the National Hurricane Center to designate the system as a subtropical storm.
Subtropical Storm Beryl will move through an environment marginally favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Beryl will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 26°C. The upper level trough will continue to produce moderate vertical wind shear. The wind shear and the drier air will inhibit intensification. Subtropical Storm Beryl could intensify a little more during the next 24 hours. Beryl will move over colder water later on Sunday and it will start to weaken when that occurs.
The upper level trough was steering Subtropical Storm Beryl toward the northeast and a general motion in that direction is forecast to continue for several more days. On its anticipated track Subtropical Storm Beryl will pass south of Nova Scotia on Sunday. Beryl could be near Newfoundland by Tuesday.