Tag Archives: Myanmar

Tropical Storm Pabuk Nears Southern Thailand

Tropical Storm Pabuk neared southern Thailand late on Thursday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Storm Pabuk was located at latitude 8.0°N and longitude 101.0°E which put it about 110 miles (170 km) southeast of Sichon, Thailand.  Pabuk was moving toward the west-northwest at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 988 mb.

Tropical Storm Pabuk exhibited more organization on Thursday.  A broken ring of showers and thunderstorms surrounded the center of circulation.  Stronger thunderstorms were occurring in the western part of the ring, while weaker storms and showers comprised the rest of the ring.  Several bands of thunderstorms were on the western side of Tropical Storm Pabuk.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were also on the eastern side of the circulation.  Storms near the center of circulation were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the northwest of the tropical storm.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 100 miles (160 km) from the center.

Tropical Storm Pabuk will move through an environment favorable for intensification for the next six to twelve hours.  Pabuk will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  It will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will produce southeasterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds will cause moderate vertical wind shear which will inhibit intensification.  Pabuk could intensify during the short term.  It will reach the coast of southern Thailand in less than 12 hours.  Tropical Storm Pabuk will weaken when it moves across the Isthmus of Kra.  Pabuk could strengthen again when it moves over the Andaman Sea in a day or so.

Tropical Storm Pabuk will move around the western end of the subtropical ridge, which will steer the tropical storm in a northwesterly direction.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Pabuk will make landfall on the coast of southern Thailand near Sichon in a few hours.  Pabuk will move across the Isthmus of Kra and into the Andaman Sea in a day or so.  Tropical Storm Pabuk could reach the Andaman Islands within 60 hours.

Tropical Storm Pabuk will bring gusty winds and heavy rain to southern Thailand.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods, especially in areas of steeper terrain.

Stronger Tropical Cyclone Mora Near Landfall in Bangladesh

A stronger Tropical Cyclone Mora neared landfall between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong, Bangladesh.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Mora was located at latitude 21.8°N and longitude 91.9°E which put it about 90 miles (145 km) south of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Mora was moving toward the north at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 974 mb.  Tropical Cyclone Mora was the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.

The inner core of Tropical Cyclone Mora organized quickly on Monday.  The primary rainband wrapped entirely around the center of circulation and an eye formed.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core Tropical Cyclone Mora.  Thunderstorms near the core of Mora generated strong upper level divergence which pumped out mass and allowed the surface pressure to decrease.  The decrease of pressure caused the surface winds to increase to hurricane/typhoon intensity.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon strength extended out about 25 miles (40 km) from the center.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 150 miles (240 km) from the center.  The strongest winds were occurring in the eyewall and over the Bay of Bengal.

Tropical Cyclone Mora is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge.  The ridge is steering Mora toward the north and that general motion is expected to continue for another 12 to 18 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Mora will move near the coast of Bangladesh between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong.  The center is likely to make landfall near Chittagong during the next few hours.

The recent intensification of Tropical Cyclone Mora has made it a more dangerous storm.  The increased wind speed will increase the potential for wind damage.  In addition, stronger winds will increase the height of the storm surge along the coast.  A storm surge of 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 meters) will be possible along the coast between Cox’s Bazar and Chittagong.  The increase in organization of the core has also created the potential for heavier rain and greater fresh water flooding of rivers and streams.

Tropical Cyclone Mora will start to weaken after the center makes landfall.  However, it will continue to generate areas of heavy rain while it moves inland over Bangladesh and northeastern India.

 

Tropical Cyclone Mora Intensifies As It Nears Bangladesh

Tropical Cyclone Mora intensified on Sunday as it moved closer to Bangladesh.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Mora was located at latitude 17.4°N and longitude 90.9°E which put it about 370 miles (595 km/h) south of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Mora was moving toward the north at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 988 mb.

The structure of Tropical Cyclone Mora exhibited more organization on Sunday.  A primary rainband wrapped about two thirds of the way around northern and western sides of the circulation.  A tighter center of circulation was evident at the core of Tropical Cyclone Mora.  There were few thunderstorms east of the center of circulation.  The thunderstorms in the primary rainband were generating more upper level divergence which was pumping out mass to the west and north of the tropical cyclone.  The divergence was causing the surface pressure to decrease and was contributing the increase in wind speed.

Tropical Cyclone Mora will move through an environment that will be favorable for additional strengthening during the next 24 hours.  Mora will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge east of Mora is generating easterly winds that are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  The easterly winds are generating moderate vertical wind shear and they are probably responsible for the location of the primary rainband north and west of the center of circulation.  The vertical shear will slow the rate of intensification, but it will not prevent Tropical Cyclone Mora from intensifying further.  Mora could intensify into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon before it makes landfall.

Mora was being steered toward the north by a subtropical ridge located to the east of the tropical cyclone.  A general northward motion is expected to continue for another 24 to 36 hours.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Mora will approach the coast of Bangladesh in 18 to 24 hours.

Tropical Cyclone Mora could make landfall near Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Mora will bring gusty winds to Bangladesh and northwestern Myanmar.  It will produce locally heavy rain and create a risk for fresh water flooding.  Counterclockwise rotation will push water toward the coast and there could be a storm surge near and to the east of where the center makes landfall.  The surge could increase the water level at the coast by 6 to 8 feet (2 to 3 meters).

Tropical Cyclone Roanu Nearing Bangladesh

Tropical Cyclone Roanu moved closer to the northern coast of the Bay of Bengal on Friday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone Roanu was located at latitude 20.3°N and longitude 87.8°W which put it about 200 miles (320 km) south of Kolkata, India and about 355 miles (575 km) west-southwest of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Roanu was moving toward the northeast at 11 m.p.h. (18 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 983 mb.

On Friday Tropical Cyclone Roanu went through another cycle in which most of the thunderstorms dissipated near the center of circulation and then convection redeveloped rapidly.  Thunderstorm activity is increasing at the core of the circulation and those storms are driving well developed upper level outflow.  Several well formed bands of thunderstorms are rotating around the center of circulation.  Roanu is more organized and it is a little more intense than it was 24 hours ago.

Tropical Cyclone Roanu is in an environment that could support a little more intensification before it makes landfall on the north coast of the Bay of Bengal.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30.5°C.  Roanu is under an upper level ridge which means the upper level winds are light and there is not much vertical winds shear.  However, Roanu is getting closer to the north coast of the Bay of Bengal and it only has another 12 hours or so to intensify.

A ridge east of Roanu is steering the tropical cyclone toward the northeast and that general motion is expected to continue for the next several days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Roanu will be near the coast of Bangladesh in about 12 hours.  Roanu is expected to continue moving toward the northeast after it makes landfall.

Although Tropical Cyclone Roanu could cause some minor wind damage, its main threats will be locally heavy rain and a moderate storm surge.  Tropical Cyclone Roanu could produce locally heavy rainfall, especially if the thunderstorm activity continues to pulse diurnally.  The heavy rain could produce significant fresh water flooding over parts of northeastern India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Burma).  In addition, the winds on the eastern side of Tropical Cyclone Roanu will be blowing toward the coast of Bangladesh and those winds will push water toward the coast.  The north coast of the Bay of Bengal is particularly susceptible to storms surges and Roanu could bring a moderate storm surge to the coast of Bangladesh.  The surge will be higher in the mouths of rivers and other locations where the shape of the coast funnels the water into specific locations.

Tropical Cyclone Roanu Threatens Northern Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone Roanu intensified on Thursday and it poses an increasing threat to the northern Bay of Bengal.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Roanu was located at latitude 17.9°N and longitude 84.9°E which put it about 125 miles (200 km) east of Visakhapatman, India and about 580 miles (935 km) west-southwest of Chittagong, Bangladesh.  Roanu was moving toward the north-northeast at 14 m.p.h. (23 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 70 m.p.h. (115 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 986 mb.

Most of the thunderstorms in Tropical Cyclone Roanu weakened earlier today and at times it did not look much like a tropical cyclone on satellite imagery.  However, a burst of thunderstorm activity near the center of Roanu has occurred in recent hours and an eyelike feature has appeared on conventional satellite imagery.  The structure of the circulation improved as a result of the new burst of thunderstorms.  The primary rainband now coils more tightly about three quarters of the way around the apparent center of circulation.  The thunderstorms near the center of circulation are generating upper level divergence which is pumping out mass in all directions.  Several additional bands of thunderstorms have developed over the eastern half of the circulation and Tropical Cyclone Roanu is stronger than it was 24 hours ago.

Tropical Cyclone Roanu is in an environment favorable for intensification.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 31°C.  Roanu has moved closer to the center of an upper level ridge and the upper levels are not as strong as they were yesterday.  As a result the vertical wind shear is much less and the upper level ridge is actually helping to pump mass away from the center of Roanu.  The center of the tropical cyclone is near the east coast of India, but the core is expected to remain over water on Friday.  Roanu is likely to strengthen further and it could reach hurricane/typhoon intensity.

A ridge east of Roanu is steering the tropical cyclone toward the northeast and that general motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track Roanu could be south of Kolkata, India in about 18 hours.  Tropical Cyclone Roanu could be approaching Chittagong, Bangladesh in 24 to 36 hours.

Tropical Cyclone Roanu poses a significant threat to the northern Bay of Bengal.  That area is vulnerable to storm surges.  Since Roanu will approach from the southwest, the winds in its counterclockwise circulation will push water toward the north coast of the Bay of Bengal.  In addition, a strengthening Tropical Cyclone Roanu will be capable of producing locally heavy rain which could cause inland flooding.

Tropical Cyclone 01B Forms Over Bay of Bengal

The structure of a low pressure system north of Sri Lanka changed on Wednesday and it was classified as Tropical Cyclone 01B (TC01B).  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone 01B was located at latitude 15.9°N and longitude 82.3°E which put it about 155 miles (250 km) south-southwest Visakhapatnam, India.  TC01B was moving toward the northeast at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 989 mb.

A low pressure system developed near Sri Lanka several days ago.  The low moved over the east coast of Sri Lanka, which slowed the organization of the circulation.  A more well defined center of circulation began to organize after the low moved north of Sri Lanka.  A primary rainband started to wrap around the western side of the low and several broken spiral bands formed on the eastern side.  The circulation exhibited enough characteristics associated with tropical cyclones to be classified as Tropical Cyclone 01B.

The circulation of TC01B is still not particularly well organized.  A primary rainband curls around the northern and western sides of the circulation.  However, there are not many thunderstorms in the other parts of the tropical cyclone.  An upper level ridge over the northern Bay of Bengal is generating easterly winds over the top of the tropical cyclone.  Those winds are producing moderate vertical wind shear and are contributing to the fact that most thunderstorms are west of the center of circulation.  The fact that the center of circulation is near the coast of India also means a  portion of circulation is over land, where there is more friction and less moisture.

Tropical Cyclone 01B is expected to move into a more favorable environment during the next two days.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 31°C.  TC01B is expected to move closer to the center of the upper level ridge where the winds are not as strong.  That would reduce the vertical wind shear, which would also be favorable for intensification.  However, the proximity of the center to the east coast of India means that a portion of the circulation will remain over land, which will slow the rate of future intensification.

A ridge is east of TC01B is expected to steer the tropical cyclone toward the northeast during the next two to three days.  On its anticipated track, TC01B could be approaching the coast of Bangladesh in 48 to 72 hours.  TC01B caused heavy rain in parts of Sri Lanka and southeast India.  It could produce more heavy rain in parts of northeast India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Burma).  TC01B could also generate a significant storm surge along the north coast of the Bay of Bengal as it nears the coast.