Tag Archives: Palau

Tropical Storm Jelawat Forms Near Yap

Tropical Storm Jelawat formed near Yap on Sunday.  At 2:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Jelawat was located at latitude 7.6°N and longitude 138.4°E which put it about 120 miles (195 km) south of Yap.  Jelawat was moving toward the northwest at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

A low level center of circulation formed near the eastern edge of a cluster of thunderstorms near Yap on Sunday and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Jelawat.  Tropical Storm Jelawat does not have a well organized circulation.  There is a distinct low level center of circulation, but most of the stronger thunderstorms are occurring west of the center of circulation.  The bands in the eastern half of the circulation consist mainly of showers and low clouds.  An upper level ridge over the Central North Pacific Ocean is producing strong easterly winds which are blowing across the top of the circulation.  Those winds are generating strong vertical wind shear and the shear is the main reason for the asymmetrical distribution of storms.

Tropical Storm Jelawat will be moving through an environment that is somewhat favorable for intensification.  Jelawat will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  However, the upper level ridge will continue to cause vertical wind shear.  If the shear is not too strong and the circulation remains vertically coherent, then Tropical Storm Jelawat could strengthen during the next several days.   Some models predict this scenario and forecast that Jelawat will intensify into a typhoon.  Alternatively, if the wind shear increases further, strong upper level winds could blow the upper half of the circulation away from the lower level circulation.  If that occurs, Tropical Storm Jelawat will weaken.

The ridge over the Central North Pacific is steering Tropical Storm Jelawat toward the northwest.  Jelawat will reach the western end of the ridge in 12 to 24 hours.  The tropical storm will turn more toward the north when it reaches the end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Storm Jelawat is forecast to pass between Yap and Palau.

Tropical Storm Sanba Develops Near Palau

Tropical Storm Sanba developed near Palau on Sunday.  At 10:00 a.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Sanba was located at latitude 7.2°N and longitude 133.5°E which put it about 20 miles (35 km) south-southwest of Koror, Palau.  Sanba was moving toward the west at 19 m.p.h. (31 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Thunderstorms developed closer to the center of circulation of former Tropical Depression 02W and the Japan Meteorological Agency classified the system as Tropical Storm Sanba.  The distribution of storms was asymmetrical.  The stronger thunderstorms were occurring in bands west of the center of circulation.  The bands in the eastern half of the circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  Sanba is moving south of a strong upper level ridge.  The ridge is producing easterly winds which are causing moderate vertical wind shear.  The wind shear is causing the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms.

Tropical Storm Sanba will move through an environment marginally favorable for intensification.  Sanba will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  So, there is sufficient energy in the upper ocean to support intensification.  However, the upper level ridge will continue to generate moderate vertical wind shear which will inhibit intensification.  Tropical Storm Sanba could get a little stronger during the next 24 to 36 hours.

The ridge is steering Tropical Storm Sanba toward the west and a general westerly motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Sanba could approach Mindanao in the southern Philippines in about 36 hours.  Sanba could bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of the southern Philippines.  Locally heavy rain could cause flash floods.

Tropical Storm Lan Develops Northwest of Palau

Tropical Storm Lan developed northwest of Palau on Monday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Lan was located at latitude 10.7°N and longitude 132.1°E which put it about 275 miles (445 km) north-northwest of Koror, Palau.  Lan was moving toward the west at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 993 mb.

A more distinct center of circulation developed within Tropical Storm Lan, but the low pressure system was still in the process of organizing.  The low level center of circulation of Lan was at the end of a long rainband that extends from the western periphery around the southern and eastern parts of the tropical storm.  That low level center appeared to be on the northern side of a much larger counterclockwise rotation.  Most of the stronger showers and thunderstorms were occurring in the long rainband.  A few new, thinner bands of showers and thunderstorms seemed to be forming inside the long rainband to west of the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Lan will be moving through an environment that will be favorable for intensification.  Lan will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge north of Lan is producing easterly winds which were blowing toward the top of the circulation.  There was some vertical wind shear, but it was not strong enough to prevent the intensification of Tropical Storm Lan.  Tropical Storm Lan is likely to intensify more slowly while the circulation organizes.  Once the center of circulation become tighter, then Lan could intensify more quickly.  A period of rapid intensification could occur, if Lan becomes a typhoon and an eye develops.

The ridge north of Lan and the counterclockwise flow to its south are combining to steer the tropical storm toward the west.  Numerical models are indicating that a weakness will develop in the ridge north of Tropical Storm Lan.  If that happens, then the steering current could weaken for 12 to 24 hours and Tropical Storm Lan might not move much.  If the break in the ridge becomes more pronounced, then Tropical Storm Lan could start to move more toward the north.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Lan is expected to remain east of the Philippines, but the tropical storm could move closer to the northern Philippines if the forecast weakness in the ridge does not occur.

TD 03W Intensifies Into Tropical Storm Muifa

Tropical Depression 03W intensified into Tropical Storm Muifa on Tuesday as it moved slowly northwest of Yap.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Muifa was located at latitude 13.3°N and longitude 134.6°E which put it about 335 miles (540 km) northwest of Yap.  Muifa was moving toward the west-northwest at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Cyclone Muifa is not well organized.  There is a well defined low level center.  However, almost all of the showers and thunderstorms are in a cluster east of the low level center.  There are almost no showers and thunderstorms in the western half of the circulation.  Few well defined rainbands are evident in the eastern half of the circulation.  The cluster of thunderstorms east of the center of circulation is generating some upper level divergence which appears to be pumping mass out to the northwest of the tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Muifa will be moving through an environment that will be marginally favorable for intensification.  Muifa will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature will be near 29.5°C.  A subtropical ridge east of Muifa is producing easterly winds which are blowing toward the tropical storm.  Tropical Storm Muifa is currently south of the upper level westerly winds in the middle latitudes.  Muifa is currently in a region where the upper level winds are weaker and the vertical wind shear is moderate.  Areas of stronger vertical wind shear surround the tropical storm.  Tropical Storm Muifa could intensify a little more during the next 24 hours before it reaches an area where the shear is stronger.

Tropical Storm Muifa is moving around the western end of the subtropical ridge to its east and the steering winds are weak.  As a result Muifa is moving slowly toward the west-northwest.  A gradual turn toward the north is forecast as Tropical Storm Muifa moves around the end of the ridge.  Muifa will reach an area of westerly winds as it moves farther north and the tropical storm is forecast to recurve toward the northeast.

Tropical Depression 03W Forms Northwest of Yap

Tropical Depression 03W formed northwest of Yap on Monday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Depression 03W was located at latitude 12.5°N and longitude 135.2°E which put it about 260 miles (420 km) northwest of Yap.  The depression was moving toward the west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.

A cluster of thunderstorms developed southeast of the Marianas during the weekend.  The cluster moved slowly toward the west-northwest and the circulation gradually exhibited signs of greater organization.  Satellite imagery indicated that a center of circulation formed in the lower levels of the circulation and the system was designated as Tropical Depression 03W on Monday.

The circulation of Tropical Depression 03W is still organizing.  Although there is a distinct low level center, the distribution of showers and thunderstorms is asymmetrical.  Many of the showers and thunderstorms are forming east of the center of circulation.  There are few showers and thunderstorms in the western half of the circulation.  Thunderstorms just to the east of the center of the circulation are generating some upper level divergence that is pumping out mass to the west and north of the center of circulation.

Tropical Depression 03W will be moving through an environment that will be somewhat favorable for intensification.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature will be near 30°C.  A ridge of high pressure east of the depression is producing easterly flow that is blowing toward the depression.  The flow may be pushing the lower part of the circulation to the west of the middle and upper portions.  Vertical wind shear could be an inhibiting factor.  Some intensification is forecast during the next day or two and the depression could intensify into a tropical storm.

The ridge of the depression is steering it toward the west.  The depression is expected to turn toward the northwest when it reaches the western end of the depression in a day or so.

Tropical Storm Nock-ten Forms Near Yap

Tropical Storm Nock-ten formed near Yap on Wednesday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Nock-ten was located at latitude 9.1°N and longitude 138.4°E which put it about 85 miles (140 km) southeast of Yap.  Nock-ten was moving toward the northwest at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 993 mb.

A distinct center of circulation developed in an area of thunderstorms near Yap and the system was named Tropical Storm Nock-ten.  The circulation of Nock-ten is still organizing.  A small well defined center exists at the core of the circulation.  A band of thunderstorms is beginning to wrap around the center.  Several additional bands of thunderstorms formed in the northern part of the circulation.  Thunderstorms near the center are beginning to generate upper level divergence which is pumping mass out to the west of the center.

Tropical Storm Nock-ten will move through an environment that is moderately favorable for intensification.  Nock-ten will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge north of Nock-ten is producing southeasterly winds which are blowing across the top of the tropical storm.  Those winds are preventing upper level divergence to east of Nock-ten.  Those winds are also causing moderate vertical wind shear which is slowing the rate of intensification.  When Nock-ten moves a little farther west, the vertical wind shear is expected to diminish and faster intensification could occur.  Nock-ten could intensify into a typhoon during the next several days.

A subtropical ridge north of Nock-ten is steering the tropical storm toward the northwest.  That general motion is expected to continue for another day or two.  The ridge could strengthen during the weekend and it could turn Nock-ten more toward the west in a couple of days.  On its anticipate track Tropical Storm Nock-ten could approach the Philippines in three or four days.  Nock-ten could be a typhoon by the time it reaches the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Melor Forms West of Yap

A well defined center of circulation developed within an area of thunderstorms on Friday and the system was designated Tropical Storm Melor (28W).  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Melor was located at latitude 10.4°N and longitude 134.9°E which put it about 210 miles (335 km) north-northeast of Koror, Palau.  Melor was moving toward the west-northwest at 17 m.p.h. (27 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

Tropical Storm Melor organized quickly on Friday.  A rainband wrapped about three quarters of the way around the center of circulation and an eyewall may be forming.  Outer rainbands are also rotating around the center of circulation.  Thunderstorms around the center of circulation are producing upper level divergence.

The environment around Tropical Storm Melor is favorable for further intensification.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are warm.  An upper level ridge is producing light southerly winds over the top of Melor, but there is only modest vertical wind shear.  Once a fully developed eye forms at the center of Melor, the tropical storm could intensify rapidly.  Melor could become a typhoon on Saturday and it could become the equivalent of a major hurricane in 48 to 73 hours.

A subtropical ridge north of Melor is steering the tropical storm toward the west-northwest and that general motion is expected to continue during the next two or three days.  On its anticipated track, Melor could reach the Central Philippines within 72 hours.  It could be a strong typhoon at that time.

Typhoon Noul Intensfying North of Palau

Typhoon Noul continued to intensify on Wednesday as it passed north of Palau.  At 10:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Noul was located at latitude 10.7°N and longitude 133.7°E which put it about 270 miles north of Palau and about 550 miles east of the Philippines.  Noul was moving toward the west-northwest at 14 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. and there were gusts to 125 m.p.h.  The minimum surface pressure was 955 mb.

Noul is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 29°C.  It is moving close to the axis of an upper level ridge and so the vertical wind shear is low.  The environment is favorable for further intensification and Noul could eventually reach the equivalent of a major hurricane.

A subtropical ridge north of Noul is steering it toward the west-northwest and that motion is expected to continue for several days.   On its projected track Noul could approach the Philippines in two days and it could be near Luzon in three days.  As Noul nears Luzon it is expected to turn more toward the north.  If the circulation is intact after it crosses Luzon, it could head toward Taiwan.

Noul Intensified Into a Typhoon As It Passed Over Yap

Tropical Storm Noul intensified slowly on Tuesday and it attained typhoon status as it passed over Yap.  At 10:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Noul was located at latitude 9.5°N and longitude 137.5°E which put it about 20 miles west-southwest of Yap and about 230 miles east-northeast of Palau.  Noul was moving toward the west at 5 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. and there were gusts to 90 m.p.h.  The minimum surface pressure was 976 mb.  Noul brought wind and heavy rain to Yap on Tuesday.  The International Airport reported a wind gust of 68 m.p.h. as the center of Noul passed just south of it.

An upper level ridge located east of the center of circulation is causing light easterly winds to blow over the top of Noul, which is generating some vertical wind shear.  The shear could be the reason why most of the strongest thunderstorms are occurring in the southwestern quadrant of the circulation.  Noul remains over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is around 29°C.  The vertical wind shear is likely to slow the rate of intensification, but Noul is in an environment that favors further strengthening.

Noul is at the western end of a subtropical ridge and the steering pattern is relatively weak.  It is likely to continue to move slowly for another 12 to 24 hours.  Eventually a subtropical ridge is expected to build north of Noul and steering it toward the west-northwest at a faster speed.  On its projected path the center of Noul would pass several hundred miles north of Palau.  Noul could be approaching the northern Philippines by late in the week.

 

Tropical Storm Noul Nearing Yap and Intensifying

Tropical Storm Noul intensified on Monday as it moved closer to Yap.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Noul was located at latitude 9.4°N and longitude 138.8°E which put it about 55 miles east of Yap and about 290 miles east-northeast of Palau.  Noul was moving toward the west-southwest at 5 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. and there were gusts 80 m.p.h.  The minimum surface pressure was 982 mb.

A primary rainband appears to be wrapping around the small center of circulation in Tropical Storm Noul.  It continues to move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature in near 29°C.  A subtropical ridge east of Noul is generating light easterly winds over the top the circulation.  The flow is causing modest vertical wind shear and may be the reason why many of the thunderstorms are forming to the west of the center.  If the rainband can wrap completely around the center, then an eye may form.  Noul is likely to remain in an environment that will support further intensification and it could become a typhoon within 24 hours.

Noul is near the western end of a subtropical ridge and it is moving slowly.  The slow motion is likely to continue for another day or so.  After that time, the subtropical ridge is expected to strengthen and extend farther westward.  As the ridge extends westward, it is forecast to steer Noul toward the west-northwest later this week.

On the projected track Noul will move almost directly over Yap on Tuesday.  It could be near typhoon intensity at that time and bring wind and heavy rain.