Tag Archives: SH11

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Drops Heavy Rain on La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile dropped heavy rain on La Reunion on Monday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 23.3°S and longitude 52.5°E which put it about 260 miles (420 km) southwest of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Dumazile was moving toward the south-southeast at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 145 m.p.h. (230 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 949 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile strengthened into the equivalent of a major hurricane on Monday.  It was a large, powerful tropical cyclone.  There was a small circular eye at the center of the circulation.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Several rainbands were revolving around the core of the circulation.  The storms around the core were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 90 miles (145 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 250 miles (400 km) from the center.

The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was 20.6.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 30.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 50.9.  Those indices indicate that Tropical Cyclone Dumazile would be capable of causing extensive major damage if it made landfall.

Although the core of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile passed between Madagascar and La Reunion, the circulation was so large that rainbands on the eastern side of Dumazile passed over La Reunion.  Those rainbands dropped locally heavy rain and there were unconfirmed reports of flooding in parts of La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has likely reached its peak intensity.  Dumazile is currently moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C, but the tropical cyclone will move over colder water when it moves farther south.  An upper level trough near southern Africa is producing northwesterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are generating vertical wind shear and the shear is forecast to increase during the next several days.  The colder water and increased wind shear are forecast to weaken Tropical Cyclone Dumazile during the next few days.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has rounded the western end of a subtropical ridge and it is now moving toward the south-southeast.  A general southeastward motion is forecast for the next two or three days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Dumazile should move away from Madagascar and La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Passes Between Madagascar and La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile passed between Madagascar and La Reunion on Sunday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 20.7°S and longitude 51.1°E which put it about 280 miles (450 km) west of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Dumazile was moving toward the south-southeast at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (205 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 961 mb.

Dumazile is a very well organized tropical cyclone. The circulation is symmetrical and there is a small circular eye at the center of circulation.  The eye is surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds are occurring in that ring.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms are revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms in the core are generating strong upper level divergence which is pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 230 miles (370 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move through an environment favorable for intensification for about another 24 hours.  Dumazile will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move under an area where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Dumazile could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane on Monday.  When Dumazile moves farther south in a day or so, it will move over cooler water and into an area where the upper level winds are stronger.  Cooler water and more vertical wind shear will cause Tropical Cyclone Dumazile to weaken when that happens.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has rounded the western end of a subtropical ridge and it is now moving toward the south-southeast.  A general southeasterly motion is expected during the next few days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move away from Madagascar.  Dumazile is forecast to pass southwest of La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Brings Wind and Rain to Eastern Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile brought wind and rain to eastern Madagascar on Saturday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 17.0°S and longitude 51.5°E which put it about 90 miles (145 km) east of Ambodifotatra, Madagascar.  Dumazile was moving toward the southwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile intensified rapidly into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon on Saturday.  Satellite images suggested that an eye was forming at the center of circulation.  The developing eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in the ring of storms.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms in the core were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping large quantities of mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 45 miles (75 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 200 miles (320 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move through an environment very favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours.  Dumazile will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will continue to move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is likely to continue to intensify rapidly on Sunday and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is moving around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system which is steering the tropical cyclone toward the southwest.  Dumazile is likely to move more toward the south as it moves around the western end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track the core of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is forecast to pass east of the coast of Madagascar.  However, rainbands on the western side of the circulation will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of eastern Madagascar.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Cyclone 11S Forms East of Northern Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone 11S formed east of the northern tip of Madagascar on Friday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone 11S was located at latitude 13.2°S and longitude 54.3°E which put it about 535 miles (865 km) north of St. Denis, La Reunion.  It was moving toward the southeast at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.

A distinct center of circulation finally developed on Friday in an area of thunderstorms that had been stationary northeast of Madagascar.  A primary band of storms wrapped around the northern side of the center of circulation and then storms began to develop near the center.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation and the structure of the circulation was organized enough to be classified as a tropical cyclone.  Storms near the center of circulation began to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone 11S will be moving through an environment that is very favorable for intensification.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  Tropical Cyclone 11S is located under an upper level ridge and the upper level winds are weak.  There is little vertical wind shear to inhibit intensification.  Tropical Cyclone 11S will intensify during the weekend and it is likely to intensify rapidly at times.  Tropical Cyclone 11S could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane during the next two or three days.

Tropical Cyclone 11S and its precursor have been in an area where the steering winds were weak.  A subtropical ridge located to the east of the tropical cyclone is forecast to strengthen.  The ridge will steer Tropical Cyclone 11S toward the south-southwest.  Early model guidance suggests that the center of the tropical cyclone will move between Madagascar and La Reunion, but there is still uncertainty in the future track of the system.

Tropical Cyclone Winston Stalls Between Vanuatu and Fiji

Steering currents weakened on Sunday and Tropical Cyclone Winston stalled about half way between Vanuatu and Fiji.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 18.0°S and longitude 172.5°E which put it about 300 miles (480 km) east of Port Vila, Vanuatu.  Winston was moving toward the west-southwest at 3 m.p.h. (5 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 135 m.p.h. (215 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 952 mb.

Vertical wind shear over Winston decreased on Sunday and the organization of the tropical cyclone improved.  The eye has become more visible on satellite images and thunderstorms surrounding the eye are generating more upper level divergence.  Easterly winds which were blowing over the top of Winston diminished and the upper level divergence is again flowing out in all directions.

Tropical Cyclone Winston is in an environment that favors intensification.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  There is not much vertical wind shear and Winston is likely to intensify during the next 24 hours.

Winston has moved into an area that is between two subtropical ridges.  As a result, it is in an area where the steering winds are not very strong.  The forward motion of Winston has slowed and there is some indication that it may be turning southward.  The guidance from numerical models is forecasting a southerly or southeasterly motion during the next 24 to 48 hours.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Winston is predicted to stay east of Vanuatu.  However, a more westerly track could bring it closer to that country.

Tropical Cyclone Winston Hits Viti Levu Then Moves West of Fiji

The eye of destructive Tropical Cyclone Winston moved over the northern part of Viti Levu and then continued west of Fiji.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 17.5°S and longitude 174.4°E which put it about 425 miles (685 km) east of Port Vila, Vanuatu.  Winston was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (21 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 160 m.p.h. (260 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 937 mb.  Winston was the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.

The core of intense Tropical Cyclone Winston was disrupted as it moved across the northern portion of Viti Levu.  However, the core reorganized once it moved back over water.  It has a well formed eye surrounded by a circular eyewall.  Several rainbands are spiraling around the core.  Thunderstorms in the core of Tropical Cyclone Winston are generating upper level divergence.

The environment surrounding Tropical Cyclone Winston is a little less favorable for intensification.  Winston is still moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  However, an upper level ridge located to the southeast of Winston is generating easterly winds that are inhibiting upper level divergence to the east of the tropical cyclone.  There is still strong upper level divergence in the western half of the circulation.  The vertical wind shear has caused Winston to weaken slowly, but the shear has not been strong enough to disrupt the reorganization of the circulation.  Tropical Cyclone Winston could maintain its intensity or even strengthen somewhat during the next day or two.

The subtropical ridge southeast of Winston is steering the tropical cyclone toward the west and that general motion is expected to continue for at least another 24 hours.  Guidance from numerical models suggest that Winston will turn toward the south early next week.  However, the guidance from the models has consistently forecast a turn to the south that has not yet occurred.  The guidance predicts that Tropical Cyclone Winston will turn south before it can affect Vanuatu, but people in that country should monitor the progress of Winston closely.

Radar and satellite information indicate that the northern eyewall of Tropical Cyclone Winston may have moved over the southern part of Vanua Levu.  The eye moved across the northern part of Viti Levu.  Press reports indicated Winston produced significant wind damage and power outages in parts of Fiji.

Destructive Tropical Cyclone Winston Hits Fiji

Destructive Tropical Cyclone Winston hit parts of Fiji on Friday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 17.1°N and longitude 179.6°E which put it about 125 miles (205 km) east-northeast of Suva, Fiji.  The eye was just south of Vanua Levi.  Winston was moving toward the west at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 185 m.p.h. (295 km/h) which made Winston the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.  There were wind gusts to 225 m.p.h. (360 km/h) and the minimum surface pressure was 903 mb.

Winston is a compact symmetrical tropical cyclone.  It has a very well formed eye with a ring of very strong thunderstorms surrounding the eye.  Several spiral bands curl into the eyewall.  Thunderstorms around the eye are generating strong upper level divergence which pumped out mass and allowed the pressure to decrease rapidly during the past few hours.

Tropical Cyclone Winston is in a nearly perfect environment for a tropical cyclone.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  The upper level winds are light and there is almost no vertical wind shear.  Winston could continue to intensify for another 6 to 12 hours.  It is hard for a tropical cyclone to remain as strong as Winston is for an extended period of time.  An eyewall replacement cycle, or movement over one of the large islands of Fiji could disrupt the circulation and cause Winston to weaken.

A subtropical ridge south of Winston is steering the tropical cyclone to the west and that general motion is expected to continue for the next day or two.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston could pass very near the south coast of Vanua Levu and the north coast of Viti Levu.

Winston is an extremely dangerous tropical cyclone.  The Hurricane Intensity Index for Tropical Cyclone Winston is 44.1.  The Hurricane Size Index is 12.9 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index is 57.0.  These indices mean the Tropical Cyclone Winston is capable of producing regional catastrophic damage.  In addition to wind damage heavy rain will cause inland flooding and storm surges will inundate low lying portions of the coast.  The eye of Winston passed over Vanua Balavu and Yacata earlier on Friday and it is currently just south of Vanua Levi.

Strong Tropical Cyclone Winston Heads for Fiji

Strong Tropical Cyclone Winston passed over northern Tonga as it moved closer to Fiji on Thursday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 17.6°N and longitude 175.1°W which puts it about 460 miles (740 km) east of Suva, Fiji.  Winston was moving toward the west at 14 m.p.h. (23 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 125 m.p.h. (205 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 155 m.p.h. (250 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 941 mb.  Tropical Cyclone Winston is the equivalent of a Category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale and it would be considered a major hurricane if it were over the Atlantic Ocean.

Winston is a small, compact tropical cyclone with a well organized inner core.  It has an eye with a diameter of 15-20 miles (24-32 km) which is surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms.  A couple of bands of convection spiral into the core, but Tropical Cyclone Winston possesses some of the characteristics of an annular hurricane.

Winston continues to move through a very favorable environment.  The Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C and upper level winds are relatively light.  There is not much vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Winston could intensify further on Friday.

A subtropical ridge to the south of Winston is steering the tropical cyclone toward the west-southwest.  That general motion is expected to continue for another day or two.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Winston could be very near the Lau Group of islands in eastern Fiji within 24 hours.  Winston is expected to move across the Koro Sea and it could be near Suva within 48 hours.

Winston is a strong tropical cyclone and it could bring destructive winds and heavy rain to parts of eastern Fiji.  It could also bring a storm surge and large waves, which may create dangerous conditions in low lying coastal areas.

Tropical Cyclone Winston Gets Stronger and Turns Back Toward Tonga

Tropical Cyclone Winston intensified into the equivalent of a Major Hurricane on Wednesday before it made a slow turn back toward Tonga and Fiji.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 17.1°N and longitude 171.2°W which put it about 160 miles (255 km) north-northwest of Niue and about 240 miles (390 km) east-northeast of Neiafu, Tonga.  Winston was moving toward the west at 3 m.p.h. (5 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 120 m.p.h. (195 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 150 m.p.h. (240 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 944 mb.

A very favorable environment of Sea Surface Temperatures near 30°C and little vertical wind shear allowed Tropical Cyclone Winston to intensify quickly into the equivalent of a Major Hurricane on Wednesday.  Winston is a small, symmetrical tropical cyclone.  There is a small, well formed eye at its center.  The eye is surrounding by a ring of strong thunderstorms and there are several spiral bands rotating outside the eyewall.  Hurricane force winds extend out about 40 miles (65 km) from the center and tropical storm force winds extend out about 140 miles (225 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Winston could remain in a favorable environment for another 12 to 24 hours.  It has the potential to intensify further during that time.  After that time vertical wind shear could start to increase.  Since the circulation of Winston is relatively small, fluctuations in intensity could occur more quickly.

A subtropical ridge south of Winston turned the tropical cyclone back toward the west on Wednesday.  The ridge is expected to steer Winston slowly westward on Thursday.  The subtropical ridge will steer it toward the west-southwest at a faster speed on Friday.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Winston could approach the northern islands of Tonga in about 36 hours.  It could be a very strong tropical cyclone at that time and Winston could bring strong winds and heavy rain to those islands.  Winston could be approaching Fiji in about three days.

Tropical Cyclone Winston Intensifies Rapidly East of Tonga

Tropical Cyclone Winston intensified rapidly on Tuesday as it moved east of Tonga.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Winston was located at latitude 17.5°N and longitude 171.5°W which put it about 165 miles (270 km) northwest of Niue.  Winston was moving toward the east at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (205 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 956 mb.

The upper level winds that were blowing over the top of Tropical Cyclone Winston diminished on Tuesday.  The decrease in vertical wind shear allowed Winston to intensify rapidly and it is now the equivalent of a Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.  Tropical Cyclone Winston remains in a favorable environment.  It is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  Winston has a well formed eye surrounded by an eyewall containing strong thunderstorms.  Multiple spiral bands are rotating around the core of the circulation.  Winston should continue to intensify and it could intensify rapidly on Wednesday.

A subtropical ridge to the northeast of Winston is slowing the eastward motion of the tropical cyclone.  Winston could continue to move a little farther east on Wednesday before the ridge blocks its motion.  The ridge is forecast to strengthen and extend to the west later this week.  As the ridge extends westward it will force Winston to start to move back toward the southwest.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Winston could move between Niue and Samoa on Wednesday.  Winston could approach Tonga from the northeast as a much stronger tropical cyclone on Friday.