Tropical Cyclone Luban made landfall in eastern Yemen near Nishtun on Sunday. At 5:00 a.m. EDT the center of Tropical Cyclone Luban was located at latitude 15.9°N and longitude 51.8°E which put it about 25 miles (40 km) northwest of Nishtun, Yemen. Luban was moving toward the west-northwest at 8 m.ph. (13 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1005 mb.
The circulation of Tropical Cyclone Luban consists of several bands of showers and thunderstorms revolving a center of circulation. Most of the heavier rain is falling north and east of the center of circulation. Drier air is flowing into the western part of the circulation and the showers are lighter in that part of Tropical Cyclone Luban.
Tropical Cyclone Luban was the equivalent of a tropical depression or minimal tropical storm at the time of landfall. Luban will weaken gradually as it moves farther inland and more drier air enters the circulation. However, rainbands in eastern half of the circulation could drop heavy rain over parts of Yemen and western Oman. Heavy rain cold cause flash floods in some places.
Tropical Cyclone Titli formed over the Bay of Bengal on Tuesday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Titli was located at latitude 15.4°N and longitude 86.3°E which put it about 265 miles (425 km) southeast of Visakhapatnam, India. Titli was moving toward the north-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.
A distinct center of circulation formed within a large cluster of thunderstorms over the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Meteorological Department designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Titli. The circulation of Titli was still organizing. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming close to the center of circulation on the western side of the tropical cyclone. Other bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming on the periphery of the eastern side of the circulation. Storms near the center of Titli were starting to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.
Tropical Cyclone Titli will be moving through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 36 hours. Titli will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C. It will move under the western end of an upper level ridge. The ridge will produce southeasterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation, but the vertical wind shear will not be strong enough to prevent intensification. Tropical Cyclone Titli is forecast to strengthen into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon during the next 24 to 36 hours.
The upper level ridge will steer Tropical Cyclone Titli slowly toward the north-northwest during the next two days. On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Titli will make landfall on the coast of India near Brahmapur in about 36 hours. Titli will likely be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it makes landfall. It will bring strong winds and heavy rain to parts of northeastern India. The strong winds will produce a storm surge of 6 to 9 feet (2 to 3 meters) at the coast. The heavy rain could cause flash flooding when Tropical Cyclone Titli moves inland.
Elsewhere over the northern Indian Ocean, Tropical Cyclone Luban was gradually strengthening over the Arabian Sea. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Luban was located at latitude 13.5°N and longitude 59.5°E which put it about 450 miles (725 km) east-southeast of Salalah, Oman. Luban was moving toward the west-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.
Tropical Cyclone Luban formed over the Arabian Sea on Monday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Luban was located at latitude 12.3°N and longitude 61.4°E which put it about 580 miles (935 km) east-southeast of Salalah, Oman. Luban was moving toward the west-northwest at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 993 mb.
The circulation around Tropical Cyclone Luban was still organizing. The distribution of thunderstorms was asymmetrical. Many of the stronger thunderstorms were occurring in bands west of the center of circulation. Rainbands in the eastern half of Tropical Cyclone Luban consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. An upper level trough centered over northern India was producing easterly winds which were blowing toward the top of the circulation. Those winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear and they were probably the reason why the stronger thunderstorms were forming on the western side of the circulation.
Tropical Cyclone Luban will move through a region that is somewhat favorable for intensification. It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C. The upper level ridge will continue to cause some vertical wind shear, but the winds are expected to weaken during the next day or two. Tropical Cyclone Luban is forecast to strengthen into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.
Tropical Cyclone Luban is between the upper level ridge over India and another upper level ridge over Saudi Arabia. As a result the steering winds are weak and Luban is moving slowly toward the west-northwest. When Tropical Cyclone Luban moves farther west, the upper ridge over Saudi Arabia will steer it in a west-northwesterly direction. On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Luban could approach western Oman and eastern Yemen in four or five days.