Tag Archives: WP09

Tropical Storm Sonca Near Landfall in Vietnam.

Tropical Storm Sonca neared a landfall on the coast of Vietnam on Monday night.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Sonca was located at latitude 16.7°N and longitude 108.2°E which put it about 60 miles (95 km) east-northeast of Hue, Vietnam.  Sonca was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 991 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Sonca is fairly small.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  A subtropical ridge north of Sonca is steering the tropical storm toward the west and that general motion is expected to continue for another 24 to 36 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Storm Sonca will make landfall north of Hue, Vietnam in a few hours.

Tropical Storm Sonca will bring gusty winds, locally heavy rain and the potential for floods when it makes landfall.  Sonca will continue to move inland over central Vietnam, central Laos and northeastern Thailand.  Sonca could continue to produce locally heavy rain over those areas as it moves inland and weakens.

Elsewhere in the Western North Pacific the circulations of Typhoon Noru and Tropical Storm Kulap are interacting east-southeast of Japan.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Typhoon Noru was located at latitude 25.9°N and longitude 157.0°E which put it about 1330 miles (2150 km) east-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Noru was moving toward the east at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 95 m.p.h. (155 km/h) and there were gusts to 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 966 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT the center of Tropical Storm Kulap was located at latitude 32.9°N and longitude 155.8°E which put it about 1095 miles (1765 km) east-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Kulap was moving toward the west at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Typhoon Noru and Tropical Storm Kulap are close enough to each other to rotate cyclonically around a point between them in what is called the Fujiwhara effect.  Typhoon Noru is the much larger and stronger circulation and upper level outflow from Noru is causing vertical wind shear over Tropical Storm Kulap.  If the two tropical cyclones move closer to each other, it is possible that the circulation of Kulap could be absorbed by the larger, more powerful circulation of Typhoon Noru.

Tropical Storm Roke Close to Landfall Near Hong Kong

Tropical Storm Roke is close to making a landfall near Hong Kong.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Roke was located at latitude 22.4°N and longitude 114.1°E which put it about 35 miles (55 km) east of Hong Kong.  Roke was moving toward the west-northwest at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum sutface pressure was 1002 mb.

Tropical Storm Roke will make landfall on the coast of China near Hong Kong during the next few hours.  Roke will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rainfall as it move inland over eastern China.  Flash flooding could occur in places that receive heavy rain.

Elsewhere, there are three more tropical storms over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  Tropical Storm 08W is the only other imminent threat to land.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm 08W was located at latitude 17.6°N and longitude 111.5°E which put it about 85 miles (135 km) southeast of Hainan Island.  It was moving toward the west at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Noru was located at latitude 28.3°N and longitude 151.3°E which put it about 920 miles (1485 km) east-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Noru was moving toward west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT the center of Tropical Storm Kulap was located at latitude 30.8°N and longitude 166.8°E which put it about 790 miles (1270 km) north of Wake Island.  Kulap was moving toward the west-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Tropical Storm Chanthu Passes East of Tokyo

Tropical Storm Chanthu brought wind and rain to the east coast of Honshu as the center passed east of Tokyo on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Chanthu was located at latitude 37.4°N and longitude 141.6°E which put it about 105 miles (170 km) northeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Chanthu was moving toward the north-northeast at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 995 mb.

Tropical Storm Chanthu is starting the transition from a tropical cyclone to an extratropical cyclone.  It is still moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 26°C, but Chanthu will move over colder water during the next 24 hours.  An upper level trough west of Japan will sweep northwesterly winds over the top of Tropical Storm Chanthu.  The increased vertical wind shear will tilt the circulation of Chanthu toward the northeast.  The trough also contains cooler air.  A combination of cooler SSTs, more vertical wind shear and cooler air aloft will alter the structure of Chanthu and it will begin to look more like an extratropical cyclone on Wednesday.

The upper level trough will steer Chanthu in a generally north-northeasterly direction during the next 24 hours.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Chanthu will move roughly parallel to the coast of Honshu.  Chanthu is expected to move across Hokkaido later on Wednesday.

The rainbands in Tropical Storm Chanthu are capable of producing locally heavy rainfall.  Some flooding is possible in eastern Honshu and Hokkaido.  Wind damage should be minimal although fishing boats and other vessels along the northeast coast of Japan will have to deal with wind and waves.

Tropical Storm Chanthu Forms South of Japan

A center of circulation consolidated near a cluster of thunderstorms south of Japan on Saturday and the system was designated as Tropical Storm Chanthu.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Chanthu was located at latitude 21.2°N and longitude 143.1°E which put it about 295 miles (475 km) south-southeast of Iwo To.  Chanthu was moving toward the northeast at 14 m.p.h. (23 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

Although a distinct center of circulation exists in the lower levels of Tropical Storm Chanthu, the storm is not well organized.  Southwesterly winds in the upper levels are causing vertical wind shear which is tilting the upper portion of the circulation toward the northeast.  Most of the thunderstorms associated with Tropical Storm Chanthu are occurring in the northeastern quadrant of the circulation.  Several broken rainbands extend into the southern portion of the circulation, but there are few thunderstorms in the western half of Chanthu.

Tropical Storm Chanthu is moving through an environment that is marginally favorable for intensification.  Chanthu is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  However, an upper level trough west of Chanthu is causing the southwesterly winds which are blowing across the top of the tropical storm.  Moderate vertical wind shear will inhibit intensification in the short term.  As Tropical Storm Chanthu moves farther north, it could move into a region where the upper level winds are not as strong.  If the vertical wind shear decreases, then Chanthu could intensify.

Winds from the upper level trough are steering Tropical Storm Chanthu toward the northeast.  As the tropical storm moves farther north, a subtropical ridge located east of Chanthu will steer it more toward the north.  On its anticipated track, the center of Tropical Storm Chanthu is expected to pass east of Iwo To in about 24 hours.  Tropical Storm Chanthu could be approaching the coast of Japan near Tokyo in about three or four days.