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Tropical Storm Krosa Brings Wind and Rain to Southwest Japan

Large Tropical Storm Krosa brought wind and rain to parts of southwestern Japan on Wednesday night.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Krosa was located at latitude 33.2°N and longitude 132.9°E which put it about 20 miles (30 km) south-southwest of Uwajima, Japan.  Krosa was moving toward the north at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 70 m.p.h. (110 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 975 mb.

The center of large Tropical Storm Krosa was near the southwestern coast of Shikoku on Wednesday night.  The strongest winds were blowing in rainbands that were east of the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 260 miles (420 km) from the center of circulation.  The wind was weaker in the western half of Krosa.

Heavy rain was falling on the south facing slopes of Shikoku where the wind was blowing up the slopes.  Heavy rain was also falling on south facing slopes in Wakayama, Mie, Nara and Shiga prefectures in Honshu.  Prolonged heavy rainfall could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Storm Krosa is forecast to move north-northeast across Shikoku and southwestern Honshu.  Krosa will weaken when it moves over land, but it will continue to drop heavy rain over parts of southwestern Japan on Thursday.  A weaker Tropical Storm Krosa is forecast to move over the Sea of Japan later on Thursday.

Large Tropical Storm Krosa Moves Toward Southwest Japan;

Large Tropical Storm Krosa moved toward southwestern Japan on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Krosa was located at latitude 28.7°N and longitude 133.4°E which put it about 330 miles (530 km) south of Kochi, Japan.  Krosa was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 965.

The circulation around Tropical Storm Krosa was large.  Krosa has a broad center of circulation which spanned almost 120 miles (195 km).  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms appeared to be consolidating into a broken ring around the broad center.  The strongest winds were occurring in the broken ring.  Other bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the broad center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 265 miles (425 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Krosa will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 to 24 hours.  Krosa will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28.5°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Storm Krosa is under an upper level ridge which is enhancing the upper level divergence.  However, the large, broad center of circulation will limit the rate of any intensification.  Krosa could strengthen into a typhoon before it reaches southwestern Japan.

Tropical Storm Krosa is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  Krosa will move more toward the north when it reaches the western end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Krosa could reach southwestern Japan within 18 to 24 hours.  Krosa could be a typhoon by that time.  Tropical Storm Krosa will bring gusty winds and heavy rain to parts of Kyushu, Shikoku, and western Honshu.  Heavy rain is likely to cause flooding in some location, especially in areas with steeper slopes.

Tropical Storm Krosa Moves Toward Japan

Tropical Storm Krosa moved toward Japan on Sunday after stalling south of Iwo To for several days.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Krosa was located at latitude 24.7°N and longitude 137.5°E which put it about 255 miles (410 km) west of Iwo To.  Krosa was moving toward the west-northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 70 m.p.h. (110 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 965 mb.

Tropical Storm Krosa mixed significant amounts of cooler water to the surface during the days when it was nearly stationary south of Iwo To.  The cooler ware contained less energy and the atmosphere became more stable.  Thunderstorms around the core of the circulation dissipated and the storms in many of the rainbands also weakened.  Some thunderstorms persisted in outer rainbands.  Even though the maximum wind speed decreased, the size of the circulation increased.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 280 miles (455 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Krosa will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next several days.  Krosa will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C after it gets away from the cooler water mixed to the surface.  It will move through a region where there will not be a lot of vertical wind shear.  Tropical Storm Krosa will intensify slowly at first because it lacks a strong inner core.  If more thunderstorms develop near the center of circulation, then Krosa could strengthen more quickly.  It is possible that thunderstorms do not form at  the center of circulation and if that happens, Krosa could develop into a typhoon with a very large eye at the center.

Tropical Storm Krosa will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Krosa toward the northwest during the next two or three days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Krosa could approach southwestern Japan within 72 hours.  Krosa is likely to be a large typhoon by that time.

Elsewhere of over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm Lekima continue to bring wind and rain to parts of northeastern China.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Lekima was located at latitude 37.8°N and longitude 119.6°E which put it about 150 miles (240 km) south-southeast of Tangshan, China.  Lekima was moving toward the north- northwest at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 985 mb.

Damaging Tropical Storm Lekima Moves Up East Coast of China

Damaging Tropical Storm Lekima moved up the east coast of China on Saturday.  Although former Typhoon Lekima weakened to a tropical storm, there were reports that it caused deaths, damage and floods in eastern China.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Lekima was located at latitude 34.3°N and longitude 120.5°E which put it about 100 miles (160 km) south of Qingdao, China.  Lekima was moving toward the north at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 980 mb.

Former Typhoon Lekima made landfall south of Shanghai and then it moved northward over eastern China.  Lekima dropped heavy rain over areas near the east coast of China.  The heavy rain caused flooding in some locations.  Tropical Storm Lekima weakened on Saturday, but it continued to drop heavy rain on the coastal region north of Shanghai.  A portion of the circulation was still over the Yellow Sea and the strongest winds were occurring in rainbands over water.  Tropical Storm Lekima will continue to move northward and weaken on Sunday, but it still has the potential to cause additional flooding.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Typhoon Krosa finally started to move northwestward near Iwo To.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Typhoon Krosa was located at latitude 23.2°N and longitude 139.9°E which put it about 140 miles (230 km) southwest of Iwo To.  Krosa was moving toward the northwest at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 965 mb.

Typhoon Krosa mixed cooler water to the surface while it was stationary south of Iwo To.  The cooler water didn’t provide enough energy to maintain the inner core of Krosa which weakened significantly.  Typhoon Krosa could strengthen when it moves away from the cooler water.  However, the lack of a well formed inner core will limit the rate of intensification.  Krosa will move around the western part of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer the typhoon toward the northwest.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Krosa could approach the large islands of Japan in about four days.

Typhoon Lekima Makes Landfall in China

Typhoon Lekima made landfall in China about 200 miles (320 km) south of Shanghai on Friday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Typhoon Lekima was located at latitude 28.8°N and longitude 121.2°E which put it about 195 miles (315 km) south of Shanghai, China.  Lekima was moving toward the north-northwest at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 120 m.p.h. (195 km/h.  The minimum surface pressure was 960 mb.

The inner eye of Typhoon Lekima made landfall on the east coast of China in Zhejiang province about 200 miles (320 km) south of Shanghai on Friday.  Lekima was the the equivalent of a large, major hurricane at the time of landfall.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 230 miles  (370 km) from the center.  Typhoon Lekima continued to exhibit two concentric eyewalls at the time of landfall.  The strongest winds were occurring around the small inner eye, but winds to typhoon force were also occurring in the large outer eyewall.  The double eyewall structure contributed to the large circulation around Lekima.

Typhoon Lekima will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Lekima a little to the west of due north.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Lekima will remain inland, but it will also stay near the coast.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Lekima will pass just to the west of Shanghai in 18 to 24 hours.  Lekima will weaken slowly while it moves northward.  The large size of the circulation and the fact that a portion of the circulation will remain over the Yellow Sea will lengthen the time it takes for the circulation to spin down.  Lekima is likely to be a tropical storm by the time the center nears Shanghai.  Typhoon Lekima will bring gusty winds and drop locally heavy rain over Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Shandong provinces.  Flash flooding is likely in places that receive prolonged heavy rain.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Typhoon Krosa remained stalled south of Iwo To.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Typhoon Krosa was located at latitude 22.4°N and longitude 141.3°E which put it about 175 miles (280 km) south of Iwo To.  Krosa was moving toward the north at 2 m.p.h. (3 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 975 mb.  Typhoon Krosa has been nearly stationary long enough to mix cooler water to the surface, which is why it weakened during the past 24 hours.  Krosa is forecast to move toward Iwo To during the next 24 to 36 hours.

Typhoon Lekima Moves Through Southern Ryukyu Islands

Powerful Typhoon Lekima moved through the southern Ryukyu Islands on Thursday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Typhoon Lekima was located at latitude 25.8°N and longitude 124.2°E which put it about 405 miles (655 km) south-southeast of Shanghai, China.  Lekima was moving toward the north-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 140 m.p.h. (225 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 165 m.p.h. (270 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 935 mb.

An inner rainband wrapped around the original eye and eyewall of Typhoon Lekima and a larger outer eye formed around the original eye.  The inner eye remained intact and the strongest winds were occurring in a small ring of thunderstorms around the inner eye.  The diameter of the outer eye was about 60 miles (95 km).  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the two concentric eyewalls.

The formation of two concentric eyewalls increased the size of the circulation around Typhoon Lekima.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 80 miles (130 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 275 miles (445 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Lekima was 28.3.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 28.1 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 56.4.  Those indices indicated that Typhoon Lekima was capable of causing widespread significant damage.

The inner eye of Typhoon Lekima wobbled between Ishigakijima and Miyakojima on Thursday.  The inner eyewall appeared to pass over Taramajima and Minnajima.  No reports were available from a weather station on Taramajima.  Stations on Ishigakijima and Miyakojima reports winds to tropical storm force, but the strong inner eye passed between those two islands.

The formation of the larger outer eye probably indicates that an eyewall replacement cycle will occur.  Typhoon Lekima will weaken when the inner eyewall dissipates.  However, the circulation will remain large.  Typhoon Lekima will be in an environment favorable for strong typhoons during the next 24 hours.  Lekima will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28.5°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are not strong and there will not be a lot of vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Lekima will weaken because of an eyewall replacement cycle, but it will remain a large, powerful typhoon.

Typhoon Lekima will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Lekima toward the north-northwest during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Lekima could approach the coast of China south of Shanghai in about 24 hours.  It is likely to be a large typhoon at that time.

Elsewhere around the Western North Pacific Ocean, Typhoon Krosa was nearly stationary south of Iwo To on Thursday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Typhoon Krosa was located at latitude 22.1°N and longitude 141.0°E which put it about 195 miles (315 km) south of Iwo To.  Krosa was nearly stationary.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 110 m.p.h. (180 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 950 mb.

The circulation around Typhoon Krosa was also large.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 75 miles (120 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 250 miles (405 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Krosa was 19.2.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 28.4 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 47.6.

Typhoon Krosa is forecast to move slowly north toward Iwo To on Friday.  On its anticipated track Krosa could approach Iwo To in about 36 hours.  It will be a large typhoon capable of causing serious damage at that time.

Typhoons Lekima and Krosa Threaten Japanese Islands

Typhoons Lekima and Krosa threatened Japanese islands on Wednesday.  Typhoon Lekima posed a serious threat to the southern Ryukyu Islands and Typhoon Krosa was headed for Iwo To.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Lekima was located at latitude 22.4°N and longitude 126.0°E which put it about 190 miles (305 km) southeast of Ishigaki, Japan.  Lekmia was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 155 m.p.h. (250 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 925 mb.

Typhoon Lekima rapidly intensified into the equivalent of a major hurricane on Wednesday.  A small distinct eye was at the center of circulation.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms near the core were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon in all directions.

Typhoon Lekima had a large circulation.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 210 miles (335 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Lekima was 23.6.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 21.6 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 44.7.   Those indices indicated that Typhoon Lekima was capable of causing widespread major damage.

Typhoon Lekima will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours.  Lekima will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will not be a lot of vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Lekima could intensify further during the next day or so.  It is possible that a rainband could wrap around the existing eye and eyewall.  If a rainband wraps around the core of Lekima then an eyewall replacement cycle could cause weakening.

Typhoon Lekima will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Lekima toward the northwest on Thursday.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Lekima will reach Ishigaki and the southern Ryukyu Islands in less than 24 hours.  Lekima will be capable of causing major damage to the southern Ryukyu Islands.  Typhoon Lekima will move more toward the north when it moves around the end of the subtropical ridge.  The center of Lekima could be northeast of Taiwan within 36 hours.  Typhoon Lekima could reach the east coast of China in less than three days.

At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Krosa was located at latitude 22.1°N and longitude 140.8°E which put it about 210 miles (340 km) south of Iwo To.  Krosa was moving toward the north-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 970 mb.

Former Tropical Storm Krosa strengthened into a typhoon on Wednesday.  The inner portion of a rainband wrapped around the center of circulation and an eye formed.  The inner part of the rainband closed around the eye and a circular ring of thunderstorms formed a closed eyewall.  The strongest winds were occurring in the eyewall.  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Krosa.  Storms near the center were pumping mass away to the east of the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Krosa was also large.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 225 miles (360 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index for Typhoon Krosa was 11.5.  The Hurricane Size Index was 22.5 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index was 34.0.

Typhoon Krosa will move through an environment mostly favorable for intensification.  Krosa will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  Upper level divergence from Typhoon Lekima which is to the west of Typhoon Krosa could cause some vertical wind shear.  The wind shear will not be great enough to prevent intensification, but it could slow the rate at which Typhoon Krosa strengthens.

Typhoon Krose will move into a region where the steering winds are weaker.  Typhoon Krosa is forecast to move slowly toward the north during the next two or three days.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Krosa could be near Iwo To in about 48 hours.

Tropical Storm Francisco Drops Heavy Rain on South Korea

Tropical Storm Francisco dropped heavy rain on parts of South Korea on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Francisco was located at latitude 37.4°N and longitude 129.4°E which put it about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Tonghae, South Korea.  Francisco was moving toward the north at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

After moving across Kyushu on Monday night, the center of Tropical Storm Francisco crossed the Korea Strait and moved northward over eastern South Korea.  The center of Francisco made landfall near Busan (Pusan), South Korea.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms in the northern half of Tropical Storm Francisco dropped heavy rain over parts of South Korea.  The rain could create the potential for flash floods in some locations.  Winds to tropical storm force were occurring in the portions of rainbands over the Sea of Japan.

Tropical Storm Francisco will soon reach a region where the westerly winds in the middle latitudes are blowing.  Those winds will turn Francisco eastward over the Sea of Japan.  Tropical Storm Francisco will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 26°C.  However, the westerly winds in the upper levels will create strong vertical wind shear and significant intensification is not expected.  On its anticipated track, Tropical Storm Francisco could reach Hokkaido in about 48 hours.  Francisco could still be a tropical storm at that time.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Lekima strengthened into a typhoon southeast of Taiwan and Tropical Storm Krosa intensified south of Iwo To.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Lekima was located at latitude 19.7°N and longitude 127.9°E which put it about 575 miles (925 km) southeast of Taipei, Taiwan.  Lekima was moving toward the northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 967 mb.  Typhoon Lekima could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane and it is forecast to move toward Taiwan and the southern Ryukyu Islands.

At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Krosa was located at latitude 19.9°N and longitude 141.9°E which put it about 360 miles (585 km) south of Iwo To.  Krosa was moving toward the north-northwest at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.  Tropical Storm Krosa is forecast to strengthen into a hurricane and to move toward Iwo To.

Tropical Storm Wukong Forms Southeast of Japan

Tropical Storm Wukong formed southeast of Japan on Monday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Wukong was located at latitude 29.0°N and longitude 159.0°E which put it about 1370 miles (2210 km) east-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Wukong was moving toward the north at 24 m.p.h. (39 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and the were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 984 mb.

A cluster of thunderstorms developed southeast of Japan during the weekend and a low level center of circulation formed near the southwestern edge of the cluster of storms.  However, strong upper level winds blowing from the southwest kept blowing the top of the circulation northeast of the low level center and the system was unable to develop.  The upper level winds slowed on Monday and a band of showers and thunderstorms wrapped around the northern and western sides of the center of circulation.  The Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Wukong.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Wukong organized quickly after the upper level winds weakened.   As mentioned above, a primary rainband wrapped around the northern and western sides of the center of circulation.  Storms in the primary rainband generated upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the north of the tropical storm.  Several other bands of showers and thunderstorms developed in the eastern half of the circulation.  Bands south and west of the center consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.

Tropical Storm Wukong will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next day or so.  Wukong will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 27°C.  Wukong is moving along the eastern portion of an upper level trough.  The trough is producing southwesterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  However, those winds weakened on Monday and they will not cause enough vertical wind shear to prevent further intensification.  Tropical Storm Wukong could strengthen into a typhoon during the next 24 to 36 hours.  Eventually, Wukong will move over cooler water and it will begin to weaken.

Tropical Storm Wukong is moving between an upper level trough to the west and an upper level ridge to the east.  The trough and ridge were combining to steer Wukong toward the north and a general northerly motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Wukong will stay west of the larger islands of Japan.  Wukong could approach the Kuril Islands in about three days.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific former Tropical Storm Ampil weakened to a tropical depression over land southeast of Beijing, China, Tropical Storm Son-tinh meandered near the coast of southeastern China and Tropical Depression 15W organized southwest of Iwo To, Japan.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Depression Ampil was located at latitude 38.8°N and longitude 117.6°E which put it about 110 miles (175 km) southeast of Beijing, China.  Ampil was moving toward the north-northwest at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55k km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.  Tropical Depression Ampil was still dropping locally heavy rain over parts of eastern China.

At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Son-tinh was located at latitude 21.2°N and longitude 109.0°E which put it about 40 miles (65 km) southeast of Beihai, China.  Son-tinh was moving toward the west-northwest at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.  Tropical Storm Son-tinh was dropping locally heavy rain over parts of southeastern China and Hainan Island.

At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Depression 15W was located at latitude 17.6°N and longitude 136.3°E which put it about 585 miles (945 km) southwest of Iwo To, Japan.  It was moving toward the north-northwest at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.  The circulation of Tropical Depression 15W became more organized on Monday and it could eventually strengthen into a typhoon when it moves toward Iwo To later this week.

Tropical Storm Ampil Nears Landfall Southeast of Shanghai

Tropical Storm Ampil neared landfall on the coast of China southeast of Shanghai on Saturday night.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Ampil was located at latitude 31.0°N and longitude 122.3°E which put it about 60 miles (95 km) southeast of Shanghai, China.  Ampil was moving toward the west-northwest at 14 m.p.h. (22km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

Tropical Storm Ampil moved steadily toward the coast of China on Saturday with little change of structure or intensity.  Drier air continued to circulate around the tropical storm and it limited the development of taller thunderstorms in much of Ampil.  The strongest thunderstorms were occurring in the inner portion of a band northwest of center of circulation.  The strongest winds were associated with those storms.  Bands around the rest of Tropical Storm Ampil consisted of showers and lower clouds.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 165 miles (270 km) from the center.

Tropical Storm Ampil will make landfall on the coast of China southeast of Shanghai in a few hours.  Ampil will cause gusty winds and the strong band of thunderstorms will drop locally heavy rain.  The heavy rain could cause flash floods in parts of eastern China.

Elsewhere the tropics became more active over the Western North Pacific Ocean on Saturday.  The remnants of former Tropical Storm Son-tinh were reorganizing west of Hainan Island over the Gulf of Tongking, Tropical Depression 13W moved east of Taiwan, and Tropical Depression 14W formed northwest of Wake Island and Tropical Depression 15W formed west of Guam.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Depression Son-tinh was located at latitude 19.2°N and longitude 108.2°E which put it about 45 miles (75 km) west of Dongfeng, China.  Son-tinh was moving toward the east-southeast at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

Former Tropical Storm Son-tinh completed a slow clockwise loop over Laos and Vietnam which during the past several days and it emerged back over the Gulf of Tongking on Saturday.  There was a distinct low level center of circulation.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were circulating around the enter.  The rainbands were dropping heavy rain over Hainan Island and creating the potential for flash floods.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Depression 13W was located at latitude 21.6°N and longitude 122.9°E which put it about 165 miles (265 km) south-southeast of Hualien, Taiwan.  It was moving toward the northwest at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Depression 14W was located at latitude 22.5°N and longitude 159.4°E which put it about 370 miles (600 km) east-southeast of Minami Tori Shima.  It was moving toward the north at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Depression 15W was located at latitude 13.2°N and longitude 138.1°E which put it about 225 miles (365 km) north-northwest of Ulithi.  It was moving toward the northwest at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.