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Typhoon Kammuri Brings Wind and Rain to Southern Luzon

Typhoon Kammuri brought wind and rain to southern Luzon and Mindoro on Tuesday.  At 10:00 a.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 13.4°N and longitude 114.9°E which put it about 115 miles (185 km) south-southwest of Manila, Philippines.  Kammuri was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 976 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri made landfall on the coast of southeastern Luzon near Sorsogon and Legaspi on Nonday.  After making landfall, the eye of Kammuri passed over San Pascual on the northern end of Burias Island.  The center of Kammuri moved across the Sibuyan Sea and the core of the typhoon passed over Marinduque Island and northern Mindoro.  Rainbands in the northern half of Typhoon Kammuri produced strong winds and dropped heavy rain over southern Luzon.  There were reports of widespread power outages.  There were also reports of several deaths associated with the passage of Kammuri.

Typhoon Kammuri weakened slowly as the circulation passed over land.  Increased friction caused the wind speed to gradually decrease and mountains disrupted portions of the circulation.  The eastern side of the eyewall weakened and the eye was no longer apparent on infrared satellite images.  The strongest thunderstorms were occurring in bands west and north of the center of circulation.  Bands southeast of the center consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 250 miles (400 km) from the center.

Conditions will improve over southern Luzon and Mindoro as Typhoon Kammuri moves farther away.  Kammuri could maintain its intensity over even strengthen slightly during the next 24 hours as it moves over the warm water in the South China Sea.  Typhoon Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  Kammuri will reach the eastern end of a surface high pressure system over eastern Asia in about 24 hours.  Strong northeasterly winds will blow around the eastern end of the high and those winds will create strong vertical wind shear as they blow under southwesterly winds in the upper levels.  The strong wind shear is likely to cause Typhoon Kammuri to weaken quickly in about a day or so.

A ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean will steer Typhoon Kammuri toward the west for about another 24 hours.  On its anticipated track Kammuri will move farther away from the Philippines.  When Typhoon Kammuri reaches the area of more vertical wind shear and the typhoon weakens, it will be steered by winds closer to the surface.  The strong northeasterly winds in that part of the atmosphere will steer Kammuri toward the south-southwest later this week.

Major Typhoon Kammuri Makes Landfall on Southeastern Luzon

Major Typhoon Kammuri made landfall on southeastern Luzon near Sorsogon and Legaspi on Monday.  At noon EST on Monday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 13.2°N and longitude 123.6°E which put it about 10 miles (15 km) west of Legaspi, Philippines and about 230 miles (370 km) east-southeast of Manila.  Kamuri was moving toward the west at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 160 m.p.h. (260 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 950 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri rapidly intensified into the equivalent of a major hurricane during the 12 hours prior to landfall on Monday.  A large eye with a diameter to 50 miles (80 km) developed at the center of Kammuri.  A thick ring of strong thunderstorms surrounded the eye and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the typhoon.  Storms near the core generated strong upper level divergence which pumped mass away from the typhoon in all directions.  The removal of large amounts of mass allowed the surface pressure to decrease more quickly.

Typhoon Kammuri also grew larger as it got stronger.  Winds to typhoon force extended out about 50 miles (80 km) in most portions of Kammuri, but those strong winds extended out 90 miles (145 km) in the northwestern part of the circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 175 miles (280 km) in most parts of the circulation, but they extended out 300 miles (480 km) to the northwest of the center of Kammuri.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Kammuri was 25.1.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 25.4 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 50.5.  Typhoon Kammuri was capable of causing widespread major damage to southern Luzon.

Typhoon Kammuri will move south of a ridge of high pressure over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Kammuri toward the west-northwest during the next 36 to 48 hours.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Kammuri will move across southeastern Luzon and over the Sibuyan Sea during the next few hours.  The center of Kammuri is forecast to pass south of Manila in 18 to 24 hours.

Typhoon Kammuri will weaken slowly as it moves across southeastern Luzon.  Kammuri will bring strong winds and heavy rain to southern Luzon.  Typhoon Kammuri will also have a big impact on Burias, Marinduque Island and Mindoro.  Kammuri could produce winds to near typhoon force around Manila.  Typhoon Kammuri is likely to cause major damage around Legaspi.  Locally heavy rain could produce flash floods in numerous locations.  Kammuri could cause serious damage around Manila.

Typhoon Kammuri Strengthens As It Nears Southeast Luzon

Typhoon Kammuri strengthened as it neared southeast Luzon on Sunday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 13.0°N and longitude 126.0°E which put it about 385 miles (625 km) east- southeast of Manila, Philippines and about 160 miles (260 km) east of Legaspi.  Kammuri was moving toward the west at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 959 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri strengthened on Sunday.  An ellipitical eye with a mean radius of 30 miles (50 km) cleared out at the center of circulation.  A ring of strong thunderstorms surrounded the eye and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Kammuri.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.  The removal of mass allowed the surface pressure to decrease.

The wind field around Typhoon Kammuri became more symmetrical on Sunday.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 50 miles (80 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 180 miles (290 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) was 17.8.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 19.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 37.1.  Typhoon Kammuri was capable of causing serious damage.

Typhoon Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours.  Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Kammuri could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane before it reaches southeastern Luzon.  Kammuri will start to weaken after the center moves over land.

Typhoon Kammuri will move south of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Kammuri toward the west during the next several days.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Kammuri will pass between Samar and Catanduanes Island before making landfall near Sorsogon on southeast Luzon.  The center of Kammuri will pass near Legaspi, Tabaco and Ligao.

Typhoon Kammuri will be capable of causing major damage in the Philippines.  Kammuri will bring strong winds to southeast Luzon.  Typhoon Kammuri could also produce winds to near typhoon force in Virac on Catanduanes Island.  Kammuri could produce a storm surge of up to 10 feet (3 meters) in locations where the wind blows water toward the coast.  Typhoon Kammuri will drop locally heavy rain over southern Luzon.  Flash floods could occur, especially in areas of steeper slopes.

Typhoon Kammuri Moves Closer to the Philippines

Typhoon Kammuri moved closer to the Philippines on Saturday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 13.2°N and longitude 130.5°E which put it about 685 miles (1100 km) east of Manila, Philippines.  Kammuri was moving toward the west at 19 m.p.h. (29 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 970 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri appeared to be getting better organized on Saturday night.  Visible satellite images of Kammuri  suggested that an eye was clearing out at the center of the typhoon.  The inner end of a rainband wrapped around much of the developing eye.  There was still a gap on the northwestern side of the eyewall, but the gap was getting smaller.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the more organized core of Typhoon Kammuri.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.

Winds to typhoon force extended out 50 miles from the center of circulation in the northern half of Typhoon Kammuri and out 25 miles in the southern side of the typhoon.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 220 miles (355 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Kammuri was 13.9.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 17.0 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 30.9.

Typhoon Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 36 hours.  Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Kammuri will intensify and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane.  Intensification could be more rapid once an eye and eyewall are full formed.

Typhoon Kammuri will move south of a high pressure system that extends from eastern Asia to the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Kammuri toward the west during the next three days.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Kammuri could approach Catanduanes Islands and southeastern Luzon in about 36 hours.  Kammuri could be the equivalent of a major hurricane at that time.

Typhoon Kammuri Churns West Over Philippine Sea

Typhoon Kammuri churned westward over the Philippine Sea on Friday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 13.9°N and longitude 135.7°E which put it about 1015 miles (1640 km) east of Manila, Philippines.  Kammuri was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 970 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri exhibited few changes on Friday.  The eye and eyewall were still not fully formed.  The tops of strong thunderstorms near the eye were obscuring the center of circulation on conventional satellite images.  Many of the stronger thunderstorms were occurring in bands in the western half of the circulation.  Bands in the eastern half of Kammuri consisted of showers and lower clouds.  Storms near the center of circulation were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Kammuri did increase in size on Friday.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 50 miles (80 km).  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 230 miles (370 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Kammuri was 13.9.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 18.8 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 32.7.

Typhoon Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next two to three days.  Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through an environment where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Kammuri will intensify and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane.  A period of more rapid intensification could occur once an eye and eyewall are fully formed.

Typhoon Kammuri will move south of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Kammuri toward the west.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Kammuri could approach Luzon in about 72 hours.  Kammuri could be the equivalent of a major hurricane when it approaches Luzon.

Typhoon Kammuri Turns Back Toward the Philippines

After jogging toward the north on Thursday, Typhoon Kammuri turned back toward the Philippines on Thursday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 14.1°N and longitude 138.0°E which put it about 1150 miles (1850 km) east of Manila, Philippines.  Kammuri was moving toward the west-northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 970 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri strengthened gradually on Thursday.  The eye that was forming on Wednesday was not yet apparent on conventional infrared or visible satellite images.  Microwave satellite images still indicated that an eye was developing at the center of circulation.  So, high clouds from thunderstorms around the center of Kammuri must have been obscuring the eye on other satellite images.  The upper part of the circulation may have been tilted toward the north by southerly winds blowing around the western end of an upper level ridge.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 35 miles (55 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 145 miles (230 km) from the center.

Typhoon Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next several days.  Kammuri will move over water in the Philippine Sea where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Kammuri will continue to intensify and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane during the next 24 to 48 hours.  There could be a period of rapid intensification after the eye and eyewall are fully developed.

Typhoon Kammuri will move south of a high pressure system that extends from eastern Asia over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Kammuri toward the west during the next few days.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Kammuri could approach Luzon in about four days.  Kammuri could be the equivalent of a major hurricane when it reaches Luzon.

Typhoon Kammuri Strengthens North of Yap

Typhoon Kammuri strengthened north of Yap on Wednesday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Kammuri was located at latitude 12.0°N and longitude 138.8°E which put it about 160 miles (260 km) north-northeast of Yap.  Kammuri was moving toward the west-northwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 976 mb.

Typhoon Kammuri continued to get stronger on Wednesday night.  The inner end of a rainband wrapped around the center of circulation and an eye was clearing out at the center of Kammuri.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the center of circulation.  The strongest rainbands were in the western half of Typhoon Kammuri.  Storms near the center were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 30 miles (50 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 150 miles (240 km) from the center.

Typhoon Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next few days.  Kammuri will move over where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through an environment where the upper level winds will be weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Kammuri will continue to intensify and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane within 24 to 36 hours.  A period of rapid intensification could occur once an eye and eyewall are fully formed.

Typhoon Kammuri will move near the western end of a subtropical high pressure sytem over the Western North Pacific Ocean during the next 24 to 36 hours.  Kammuri could move more toward the northwest during that time period.  A second surface high pressure system will move eastward from Asia.  The second high will eventually block Typhoon Kammuri from moving northward and that high pressure system will steer Kammuri toward the west.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Kammuri could approach the Philippines in five or six days.  Kammuri could be a very strong typhoon when it approaches the Philippines.

Tropical Storm Kammuri Passes South of Guam

Tropical Storm Kammuri passed south of Guam on Tuesday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Kammuri was located at latitude 11.8°N and longitude 141.8°E which put it about 225 miles (365 km) southwest of Guam.  Kammuri was moving toward the west at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 985 mb.  The Tropical Storm Warnings for Guam, Rota, Saipan and Tinian were discontinued.

The circulation around Tropical Storm Kammuri exhibited greater organization on Tuesday.  Rainbands around the center of circulation were more circular.  Storms near the center were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the north and west of the tropical storm.  There were also more thunderstorms in bands north and west of the center of Kammuri.  Bands southeast of the center consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  The wind field around Tropical Storm Kammuri was also asymmetrical.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out farther in the northern half of the circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 240 miles (340 km) to the northeast of the center of Kammuri.  In contrast, tropical storm force winds only extended out 75 miles (120 km) to the southeast of the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next few days.  Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move under the western end of an upper level ridge.  The ridge will produce easterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds will cause some vertical wind shear.  The shear will slow the rate of intensification, but it will not be strong enough to prevent Tropical Storm Kammuri from getting stronger.  Kammuri is likely to intensify into a typhoon during the next 24 hours and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane later this week.

Tropical Storm Kammuri will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western Pacific Ocean during the next 48 to 72 hours.  The ridge will steer Kammuri toward the northwest.  A second high pressure system will move eastward from Asia in about three days.  The second high will block Tropical Storm Kammuri from moving any farther toward the north and the high will steer Kammuri toward the west during the weekend.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Kammuri will gradually move closer to the Philippines.

Elsewhere, over the South Pacific Ocean near Vanuatu vertical wind shear weakened Tropical Cyclone Rita.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Rita was located at latitude 15.3°S and longitude 169.0°E which put it about 180 miles (290 km) north of Port Vila, Vanuatu.  Rita was moving toward the south at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Tropical Storm Kammuri Forms, Warnings Issued for Marianas

Tropical Storm Kammuri formed on Monday and warnings were issued for the Marianas.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Kammuri was located at latitude 10.2°N and longitude 149.0°E which put it about 415 miles (665 km) southeast of Guam.  Kammuri was moving toward the west-northwest at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Tropical Storm Warnings were in effect for Guam, Rota, Tinian and Saipan.

More thunderstorms formed near the center of a large low pressure system southeast of Guam on Monday and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Kammuri.  The circulation around Kammuri was still organizing on Monday night.  Multiple bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming and the bands were starting to revolve around the center of circulation.  Storms near the center began to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical storm in all directions.

Tropical Storm Kammuri will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next few days.  Kammuri will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Storm Kammuri will continue to intensify and it could strengthen into a typhoon within 36 hours.  Kammuri could eventually intensify into the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Tropical Storm Kammuri will move south of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean during the next two days.  The high will steer Kammuri toward the west-northwest.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Storm Kammuri will pass south of Guam in about 18 to 24 hours.  Kammuri could bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain.  An upper level trough will approach Tropical Storm Kammuri from the northwest in about 48 hours.  The trough will weaken the upper level ridge and the steering currents will weaken.  Kammuri could meander after the steering currents weaken.

Elsewhere, over the South Pacific Ocean Tropical Cyclone Rita was weakening northeast of Vanuatu.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Rita was located at latitude 14.3°S and longitude 170.0°E which put it about 265 miles (430 km) north-northeast of Port Vila, Vanuatu.  Rita was moving toward the south-southwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

Tropical Storm Tokage Develops Over the Central Philippines

A distinct center of circulation developed within a cluster of thunderstorms over the central Philippines on Thursday and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Tokage.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Storm Tokage was located at latitude 11.7°N and longitude 122.0°E which put it near the northwestern tip of Panay Island and about 235 miles (380 km) south-southeast of Manila, Philippines.  Tokage was moving toward the west-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

The core of the circulation of Tropical Storm Tokage is still organizing.  An inner band of thunderstorms wraps around the western and southern sides of the center of circulation.  An outer rainband wraps around the northern side of the circulation from the northeastern to the southwestern quadrants.  Thunderstorms near the core of Tokage are generating upper level divergence which is pumping mass away to the west and north of the tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Tokage will be moving through an environment that is favorable for intensification.  Tokage will be moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  An upper level ridge east of Tokage is producing southeasterly winds which are blowing against the tropical storm.  Although those winds are restricting upper level divergence on the southeast side of Tokage, the overall effect of the vertical wind shear is minor.  Tropical Storm Tokage is likely to intensify during the next day or two and it could reach typhoon intensity.

Tokage is moving around the southwestern portion of a subtropical ridge which is steering the tropical storm to the west-northwest.  That general motion is expected to continue for another 12 to 24 hours.   After that time Tropical Storm Tokage will reach the western end of the subtropical ridge and it will begin to move toward the north.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Tokage will pass near Mindoro Island and the Calamian Group during the next 12 hours.  It will bring gusty winds and heavy rain to those islands.  Tokage is likely to pass west of Luzon.