Tag Archives: Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Fakir Brings Wind and Rain to Mauritius and La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Fakir brought wind and rain to Mauritius and La Reunion on Tuesday.  At 5:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Fakir was located at latitude 21.9°S and longitude 56.6°E which put it about 80 miles (130 km) southeast of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Fakir was moving toward the southeast at 25 m.p.h. (40 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 983 mb.  Fakir was the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.

The center of Tropical Cyclone Fakir passed between Mauritius and La Reunion on Tuesday and it brought gusty winds and heavy rain.  An eye formed at the center of circulation and a narrow ring of thunderstorms wrapped tightly around the eye.  The strongest winds were occurring in the ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were occurring south and east of the center of circulation.  The bands north and west of the center consisted primarily of light showers and low clouds.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 170 miles (270 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Fakir was capable of causing minor wind damage on Mauritius and La Reunion.  Fakir was also dropping heavy rain and the rain was likely to produce flash floods in some locations.  Tropical Cyclone Fakir was moving rapidly to the southeast.  So, conditions on Mauritius and La Reunion are likely to improve later on Tuesday when the core of Fakir moves away.  Fakir has peaked in intensity.  Although it is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 27°C, Tropical Cyclone Fakir has moved under an area of strong upper level winds blowing from the northwest.  Those winds will cause strong vertical wind shear, which will weaken Fakir.

Tropical Cyclone Fakir Strengthens Rapidly Northwest of La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Fakir strengthened rapidly northwest of La Reunion on Monday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Fakir was located at latitude 18.2°S and longitude 54.5°E which put it about 220 miles (355 km) north-northwest of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Fakir was moving toward the southeast at 22 m.p.h. (35 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 992 mb.

A center of circulation developed early Monday in an area of thunderstorms east of Madagascar and the system was designated as Tropical Cyclone Fakir.  The circulation organized quickly and in a few hours Fakir strengthened into the equivalent of a strong tropical storm.  A primary rainband wrapped around the southern and western sides of the center of circulation.  There were some indications of the potential development of an eye at the center.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms developed south and east of the core of Tropical Cyclone Fakir.  Storms in the core of Fakir generated strong upper level divergence which pumped away mass to the southeast of the circulation.  The removal of mass allowed the surface pressure to decrease quickly and the winds to increase in response to that decrease.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 100 miles (160 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Fakir could remain in an environment favorable for intensification for another 12 to 18 hours.  Fakir will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  So, there is sufficient energy in the upper ocean to support intensification.  Tropical Cyclone Fakir is moving around the southwestern portion of an upper level ridge located over the South Indian Ocean.  The ridge is producing northwesterly winds which were blowing toward the top of the circulation.  The winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear, but they were not strong enough to prevent Fakir from strengthening rapidly on Monday.  Tropical Cyclone Fakir could become the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon during the next 12 to 18 hours.  Fakir will move under stronger upper level winds in a day or so and then it will start to weaken because of the stronger vertical wind shear.

The upper level ridge is steering Tropical Cyclone Fakir rapidly toward the southeast and that general motion is expected to continue for several more days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Fakir will approach Mauritius and La Reunion in about 12 hours.  It could be nearly the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon at that time.  Fakir will bring gusty winds and heavy rain to Mauritius and La Reunion.  Minor wind damage is possible.  Locally heavy rain could cause flash floods.  The most likely track takes the center of Tropical Cyclone Fakir between Mauritius and La Reunion.  The western side of the circulation is a little weaker than the eastern side is.  If Fakir follows that track, then the strongest wind and heaviest rain could affect Mauritius.  However, Fakir will also affect La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim Stalls and Drops Heavy Rain on Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim stalled over Madagascar on Friday night and it was dropping heavy rain on northern Madagascar.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim was located at latitude 16.0°S and longitude 49.5°E which put it about 300 miles (480 km) northeast of Antananarivo, Madagascar.  Eliakim was stationary.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The strongest winds were occurring in rainbands over the Indian Ocean.  The minimum surface pressure was 994 mb.

The steering currents weakened on Friday as Tropical Cyclone Eliakim was rounding the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Indian Ocean.  Eliakim has moved little during the past 12 hours.  The center of circulation was over land close to the east coast of Madagascar near Mananara.  Since Tropical Cyclone Eliakim was nearly stationary, bands of showers and thunderstorms were dropping heavy rain on parts of Madagascar.  The heavy rain was creating the potential for serious flooding, especially in areas of steep terrain.

The subtropical ridge is forecast to strengthen during the weekend.  When the ridge strengthens the steering currents will start to move Tropical Cyclone Eliakim toward the south.  On its anticipated track Eliakim is forecast to move almost straight southward near the east coast of Madagascar.  Tropical Cyclone Eliakim will drop heavy rain on parts of Madagascar for several more days and it could cause very serious flooding in some places.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim Makes Landfall on Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim made landfall on the east coast of Madagascar on Thursday night.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim was located at latitude 16.1°S and longitude 50.6°E which put it about 60 miles (95 km) south of Ambohitralanana, Madagascar.  Eliakim was moving toward the west-southwest at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 65 m.p.h. (105km/h) and there were wind gusts to 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 984 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim continued to strengthen as it approached Madagascar.  A nearly complete eyewall wrapped around a large circular eye.  The eyewall was weakest south of the center of circulation.  Several bands of showers an thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away in all directions.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim will gradually weaken after the center of circulation moves over eastern Madagascar.  Eliakim will bring gusty winds, but locally heavy rain will be the major threat.  Tropical Cyclone Eliakim is rounding the western end of a subtropical ridge and it will start moving toward the south within 12 to 24 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Elaikim will move over eastern Madagascar and it will stay east of Antananarivo.  The heavy rain is likely to cause flash floods in the steep terrain in eastern Madagascar.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim Strengthens East of Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim strengthened east of Madagascar on Thursday morning.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim was located at latitude 15.3°N and longitude 52.6°E which put it about 140 miles (225 km) east of Ambohitralanana, Madagascar.  Eliakim was moving toward the west-southwest at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (96 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 989 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim became better organized on Thursday morning.  A partial eyewall surrounded the northern and eastern sides of the center of circulation.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim.  Storms near the core were generating well developed upper level divergence which was pumping mass away in all directions from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 75 miles (120 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 18 to 24 hours.  Eliakim will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  It is under an upper level ridge and the upper level winds are weak.  So, there is little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Eliakim will continue to intensify until it reaches the coast of Madagascar in a day or so.  Eliakim is likely to be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it reaches Madagascar.

Tropical Cyclone Eliakim is moving around the western portion of a subtropical ridge which is steering the tropical cyclone toward the west-southwest.  A general motion toward the west-southwest is expected to continue for another 24 to 36 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Eliakim could be near the coast of Madagascar south of Ambohitralanana in 18 to 24 hours.  Eliakim will bring gusty winds and it will drop locally heavy rain over Madagascar.  The heavy rain is likely to cause flash floods in some areas.

Tropical Cyclone 14S Develops East of Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone 14S developed east of Madagascar on Wednesday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone 14S was located at latitude 14.3°S and longitude 54.6°E which put it about 280 miles (455 km) east-northeast of Ambohitralanana, Madagascar.  It was moving toward the southwest at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.

A distinct center of circulation developed within a large area of showers and thunderstorms east of Madagascar on Wednesday.  A primary rainband wrapped around the southern, western and northern sides of the center.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms formed primarily south and west of the center of circulation.  Storms near the center began to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away in all directions.

Tropical Cyclone 14S will be moving through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 24 to 36 hours.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  Tropical Cyclone 14S is under an upper level ridge and the vertical wind shear is not too strong.  Tropical Cyclone 14S will continue to intensify and it could become the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon before it reaches Madagascar.

Tropical Cyclone 14S is moving near the northwestern portion of a subtropical ridge which is steering the tropical cyclone toward the southwest.  The ridge is forecast to strengthen and a general motion toward the west-southwest is expected.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone 14S could be near the east coast of Madagascar near Ambohitralanana in 24 to 36 hours.  It could be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon at that time.  Tropical Cyclone 14S will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of Madagascar.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Drops Heavy Rain on La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile dropped heavy rain on La Reunion on Monday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 23.3°S and longitude 52.5°E which put it about 260 miles (420 km) southwest of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Dumazile was moving toward the south-southeast at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 145 m.p.h. (230 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 949 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile strengthened into the equivalent of a major hurricane on Monday.  It was a large, powerful tropical cyclone.  There was a small circular eye at the center of the circulation.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Several rainbands were revolving around the core of the circulation.  The storms around the core were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 90 miles (145 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 250 miles (400 km) from the center.

The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was 20.6.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 30.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 50.9.  Those indices indicate that Tropical Cyclone Dumazile would be capable of causing extensive major damage if it made landfall.

Although the core of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile passed between Madagascar and La Reunion, the circulation was so large that rainbands on the eastern side of Dumazile passed over La Reunion.  Those rainbands dropped locally heavy rain and there were unconfirmed reports of flooding in parts of La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has likely reached its peak intensity.  Dumazile is currently moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C, but the tropical cyclone will move over colder water when it moves farther south.  An upper level trough near southern Africa is producing northwesterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are generating vertical wind shear and the shear is forecast to increase during the next several days.  The colder water and increased wind shear are forecast to weaken Tropical Cyclone Dumazile during the next few days.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has rounded the western end of a subtropical ridge and it is now moving toward the south-southeast.  A general southeastward motion is forecast for the next two or three days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Dumazile should move away from Madagascar and La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Passes Between Madagascar and La Reunion

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile passed between Madagascar and La Reunion on Sunday night.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 20.7°S and longitude 51.1°E which put it about 280 miles (450 km) west of St. Denis, La Reunion.  Dumazile was moving toward the south-southeast at 11 m.p.h. (17 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (205 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 961 mb.

Dumazile is a very well organized tropical cyclone. The circulation is symmetrical and there is a small circular eye at the center of circulation.  The eye is surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds are occurring in that ring.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms are revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms in the core are generating strong upper level divergence which is pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 230 miles (370 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move through an environment favorable for intensification for about another 24 hours.  Dumazile will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move under an area where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Dumazile could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane on Monday.  When Dumazile moves farther south in a day or so, it will move over cooler water and into an area where the upper level winds are stronger.  Cooler water and more vertical wind shear will cause Tropical Cyclone Dumazile to weaken when that happens.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile has rounded the western end of a subtropical ridge and it is now moving toward the south-southeast.  A general southeasterly motion is expected during the next few days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move away from Madagascar.  Dumazile is forecast to pass southwest of La Reunion.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile Brings Wind and Rain to Eastern Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile brought wind and rain to eastern Madagascar on Saturday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile was located at latitude 17.0°S and longitude 51.5°E which put it about 90 miles (145 km) east of Ambodifotatra, Madagascar.  Dumazile was moving toward the southwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile intensified rapidly into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon on Saturday.  Satellite images suggested that an eye was forming at the center of circulation.  The developing eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in the ring of storms.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Storms in the core were generating strong upper level divergence which was pumping large quantities of mass away from the tropical cyclone.  Winds to hurricane/typhoon force extended out about 45 miles (75 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 200 miles (320 km) from the center.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile will move through an environment very favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours.  Dumazile will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will continue to move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is likely to continue to intensify rapidly on Sunday and it could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is moving around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system which is steering the tropical cyclone toward the southwest.  Dumazile is likely to move more toward the south as it moves around the western end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track the core of Tropical Cyclone Dumazile is forecast to pass east of the coast of Madagascar.  However, rainbands on the western side of the circulation will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of eastern Madagascar.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Cyclone 11S Forms East of Northern Madagascar

Tropical Cyclone 11S formed east of the northern tip of Madagascar on Friday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone 11S was located at latitude 13.2°S and longitude 54.3°E which put it about 535 miles (865 km) north of St. Denis, La Reunion.  It was moving toward the southeast at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.

A distinct center of circulation finally developed on Friday in an area of thunderstorms that had been stationary northeast of Madagascar.  A primary band of storms wrapped around the northern side of the center of circulation and then storms began to develop near the center.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation and the structure of the circulation was organized enough to be classified as a tropical cyclone.  Storms near the center of circulation began to generate upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone 11S will be moving through an environment that is very favorable for intensification.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  Tropical Cyclone 11S is located under an upper level ridge and the upper level winds are weak.  There is little vertical wind shear to inhibit intensification.  Tropical Cyclone 11S will intensify during the weekend and it is likely to intensify rapidly at times.  Tropical Cyclone 11S could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane during the next two or three days.

Tropical Cyclone 11S and its precursor have been in an area where the steering winds were weak.  A subtropical ridge located to the east of the tropical cyclone is forecast to strengthen.  The ridge will steer Tropical Cyclone 11S toward the south-southwest.  Early model guidance suggests that the center of the tropical cyclone will move between Madagascar and La Reunion, but there is still uncertainty in the future track of the system.