Tag Archives: Wake Island

Banyan Rapidly Intensifies Into a Typhoon

Tropical Storm Banyan rapidly intensified into a typhoon on Saturday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Typhoon Banyan was located at latitude 20.8°N and longitude 164.3°E which put it about 165 miles (265 km) west-northwest of Wake Island.  Banyan was moving toward the north-northwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 976 mb.

Banyan intensified rapidly from a tropical storm into a typhoon in less than 36 hours.  Banyan is a small well organized typhoon.  There is a small circular eye at the center of circulation.  The eye is surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms.  The strongest winds are occurring in that ring of storms.  A primary band of thunderstorms wraps around the eastern and northern sides of the core of Typhoon Banyan.  Other bands of showers and storms are revolving around the core of the typhoon.  Banyan has a small circulation.  Winds to typhoon force only extend out about 25 miles (40 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 100 miles (160 km) from the center.

Typhoon Banyan will continue to move through an environment that is favorable for intensification on Sunday.  Banyan will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  The upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Banyan will continue to intensify during the next 24 hours and it could become the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Banyan is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge, which is steering the typhoon toward the north-northwest.  Banyan is forecast to continue to move toward the north-northwest for another day or two.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Banyan will move away from Wake Island and the weather should improve on Sunday.

Tropical Storm Banyan Forms Near Wake Island

Tropical Storm Banyan formed quickly near Wake Island on Friday.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Banyan was located at latitude 17.9°N and longitude 167.2°E which put it about 140 miles (225 km) south-southeast of Wake Island.  Banyan was moving toward the west-northwest at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Banyan organized quickly.  It developed a distinct center of circulation.  Thunderstorms formed north and south of the center, but there were more thunderstorms south of the center.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms began to develop in the outer parts of the circulation.  The thunderstorms in the core of Tropical Storm Banyan were generating upper level divergence which was pumping away mass.  The circulation of Tropical Storm Banyan is relatively small.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 40 miles (65 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Banyan will move through an environment that will be favorable for intensification.  Banyan will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30.5°C.  An upper level ridge north of Banyan is producing easterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are weak and there is not much vertical wind shear.  Tropical Storm Banyan is likely to intensify during the next day or two and it could intensify quickly at times.

Tropical Storm Banyan is moving near the western end of a subtropical ridge to its north.  The ridge is currently steering Banyan toward the west-northwest, but the tropical storm is expected to turn more toward the north when it reaches the end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Banyan will move over Wake Island in about 12 hours.  Banyan will cause gusty winds and heavy rain when it moves over Wake Island.

Tropical Storm Roke Close to Landfall Near Hong Kong

Tropical Storm Roke is close to making a landfall near Hong Kong.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Roke was located at latitude 22.4°N and longitude 114.1°E which put it about 35 miles (55 km) east of Hong Kong.  Roke was moving toward the west-northwest at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum sutface pressure was 1002 mb.

Tropical Storm Roke will make landfall on the coast of China near Hong Kong during the next few hours.  Roke will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rainfall as it move inland over eastern China.  Flash flooding could occur in places that receive heavy rain.

Elsewhere, there are three more tropical storms over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  Tropical Storm 08W is the only other imminent threat to land.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm 08W was located at latitude 17.6°N and longitude 111.5°E which put it about 85 miles (135 km) southeast of Hainan Island.  It was moving toward the west at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Noru was located at latitude 28.3°N and longitude 151.3°E which put it about 920 miles (1485 km) east-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Noru was moving toward west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT the center of Tropical Storm Kulap was located at latitude 30.8°N and longitude 166.8°E which put it about 790 miles (1270 km) north of Wake Island.  Kulap was moving toward the west-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

Tropical Storms Mujigae and Choi-Wan Form Over NW Pacific

Two new tropical storms with the names of Mujigae and Choi-Wan have formed over the western North Pacific Ocean.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Mujigae was located at latitude 17.4°N and longitude 117.3°E which put it about 275 miles (445 km) northwest of Manila, Philippines.  Mujigae was moving toward the west-northwest at 17 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Choi-Wan was located at latitude 19.2°N and longitude 166.4°E which put it about 15 miles (20 km) south-southeast of Wake Island.  Choi-Wan was moving toward the west-northwest at 3 m.p.h. (5 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 996 mb.

Tropical Storm Mujigae organized quickly after the system move west of the Philippines.  A primary curved rainband wrapped around the western and southern sides of the center of circulation.  A possible eye is apparent intermittently on infrared satellite imagery.  Upper level divergence is beginning to occur both north and south of the center.  Mujigae is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C and there is not enough vertical wind shear to prevent intensification.  A period of rapid intensification is possible and Mujigae could become a typhoon in 12 to 24 hours.

A subtropical ridge is steering Mujigae toward the west-northwest and that general motion is expected to continue for the next several days.  On its anticipated track, Mujigae could be approaching the southern coast of China in 36 hours.  It could bring strong winds and heavy rain when it makes landfall.

Tropical Storm Choi-Wan is still in the organizational stage.  It has a large broad circulation without a well developed inner core.  Winds to tropical storm force are occurring in clusters of thunderstorms.  Choi-Wan is over Sea Surface Temperatures near 29°C, but there is moderate vertical wind shear over the northern part of the tropical storm.  The wind shear is expected to decrease in a day or two and Choi-Wan is forecast to become a typhoon.

Choi-Wan is between two subtropical ridges and the steering currents are relatively weak.  In a day or two the western ridge is expected to steer Choi-Wan toward the northwest.  Choi-Wan will cause squally weather on Wake Island for 24 to 48 hours.

Typhoon Higos Maintaining Intensity Well East of Guam

The organization of Typhoon Higos improved on Monday.  At 11:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Typhoon Higos was located at latitude 13.7°N and longitude 154.7°E which put it about 710 miles east of Guam and about 870 miles west-southwest of Wake Island.  Higos was moving toward the northwest at 9 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 95 m.p.h. and there were gusts to 115 m.p.h.  The minimum surface pressure was 967 mb.

The circulation around Higos remains in an area where the upper level winds are not too strong and the wind shear is in the light to moderate range.  An eye has developed at the center of circulation which is evident on both infrared and visible satellite imagery.  The eye is surrounding by a tight symmetrical ring of thunderstorms.  It has the appearance of a well organized circulation.  Upper level outflow continues and it is especially strong on the northeast side of Higos.  The typhoon also remains over warm Sea Surface Temperatures and so the environment could support some further intensification on Tuesday.  As Higos moves farther north, it will begin to be affected by stronger upper level westerly winds.  The stronger winds will create more wind shear and weaken Higos.

Higos is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge, which is steering it toward the northwest.  As it gets farther north, the upper level westerly winds will being to push it toward the northeast.  Higos is expected to weaken as it moves northwest of Wake Island.