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Tropical Storm Ewiniar Weakens South of Japan

Tropical Storm Ewiniar weakened south of Japan on Thursday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Storm Ewiniar was located at latitude 30.8°N and longitude 137.7°E which put it about 400 miles (645 km) south-southwest of Tokyo, Japan. Ewiniar was moving toward the northeast at 17 m.p.h. (28 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 995 mb.

Strong vertical wind shear and cooler Sea Surface Temperatures caused Tropical Storm Ewiniar to weaken south of Japan on Thursday. No thunderstorms were occurring in Tropical Storm Ewiniar. Bands revolving around the center of Ewiniar’s circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 90 miles (145 km) from the center of Ewiniar.

Tropical Storm Ewiniar will move through an environment that will be unfavorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 24°C. An upper level trough northwest of Japan will produce strong westerly winds that will blow across the top of Ewiniar’s circulation. Those winds will cause strong vertical wind shear. The cooler water and strong vertical wind shear will cause Tropical Storm Ewiniar to continue to weaken during the next 24 hours.

Tropical Storm Ewiniar will move around the northern side of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system and the upper level trough northwest of Japan will steer Ewiniar toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Tropical Storm Ewiniar will remain south of Japan. Ewiniar will pass south of Tokyo in 12 hours.

Ewiniar Weakens to a Tropical Storm

Former Typhoon Ewiniar weakened to a tropical storm south of Japan on Wednesday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Ewiniar was located at latitude 26.9°N and longitude 133.5°E which put it about 120 miles (195 km) northeast of Minamidaitojima, Japan. Ewiniar was moving toward the northeast at 18 m.p.h. (30 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 70 m.p.h. (110 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 981 mb.

After bringing strong winds and heavy rain to Minamidaitojima, former Typhoon Ewiniar weakened to a tropical storm on Wednesday. An upper level trough northwest of Japan was producing strong southwesterly winds that were blowing toward the top of Ewiniar’s circulation. Those winds were causing strong vertical wind shear. The wind shear caused former Typhoon Ewiniar to weaken.

The strong vertical wind shear was also affecting the structure of Tropical Storm Ewiniar. The strong upper level southwesterly winds were causing the upper part of Ewinar’s circulation to tilt toward the northeast. Thunderstorms were still occurring in bands in the northern and eastern parts of Tropical Storm Ewiniar. Bands in the southern and western parts of Ewiniar consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.

The circulation around Typhoon Ewiniar was still small. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 100 miles (160 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Ewiniar will move through an environment that will be unfavorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 25°C. The upper level trough northwest of Japan will continue to cause strong vertical wind shear. The cooler water and strong vertical wind shear will cause Tropical Storm Ewiniar to weaken during the next 24 hours. If the upper level winds get stronger, they could blow the top off of Ewiniar’s circulation. The cooler water and strong vertical wind shear will also cause Tropical Storm Ewiniar to begin to make a transition to an extratropical cyclone.

Tropical Storm Ewiniar will move around the northern side of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system and the upper level trough northwest of Japan will steer Ewiniar toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Tropical Storm Ewiniar will remain south of Japan.

Typhoon Ewiniar Passes South of Okinawa

Typhoon Ewiniar passed south of Okinawa on Tuesday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Ewiniar was located at latitude 22.1°N and longitude 128.6°E which put it about 350 miles (565 km) south of Okinawa. Ewiniar was moving toward the northeast at 22 m.p.h. (35 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 980 mb.

Typhoon Ewiniar was weakening as it passed south of Okinawa on Tuesday. An upper level trough west of Japan was producing southwesterly winds that were blowing toward the top of Ewiniar’s circulation. Those winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear. The wind shear was causing Typhoon Ewiniar to weaken.

The vertical wind shear was also affecting the structure of Typhoon Ewiniar. An eye was no longer visible at the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. Thunderstorms were occurring in a band that wrapped around the southern and eastern sides of the center of circulation. Bands in the other parts of Typhoon Ewiniar consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. Storms near the center of Ewiniar still generated upper level divergence that pumped mass away from the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Ewiniar was still small. Winds to typhoon force extended out 25 miles (40 km) from the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 90 miles (145 km) from the center of circulation.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move through an environment that will be unfavorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 28°C. The upper level trough west of Japan will continue to cause moderate vertical wind shear. Since the circulation around Ewiniar is small, the wind shear will cause Typhoon Ewiniar to weaken during the next 24 hours.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move around the northern side of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system and the upper level trough west coast of Japan will steer Ewiniar toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Typhoon Ewiniar will pass near Minamidaitojoma in 12 to 18 hours. Ewiniar will bring strong winds and locally heavy rain to Minamidaitojima.

Typhoon Ewiniar Moves Away From Luzon

Typhoon Ewiniar moved away from Luzon on Monday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Monday the center of Typhoon Ewiniar was located at latitude 17.4°N and longitude 124.3°E which put it about 185 miles (300 km) east of Tuguegarao, Philippines. Ewiniar was moving toward the northeast at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 100 m.p.h. (160 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 120 m.p.h. (195 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 966 mb.

After intensifying rapidly on Sunday, Typhoon Ewiniar showed signs of weakening on Monday. A small eye with a diameter of 5 miles (8 km) was still present at the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. However, there were breaks in the ring of thunderstorms surrounding the eye. Storms near the center of Ewiniar still were generating upper level divergence that was pumping mass away from the typhoon. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the center of Typhoon Ewiniar.

The circulation around Typhoon Ewiniar was small. Winds to typhoon force extended out 20 miles (30 km) from the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 75 miles (120 km) from the center of circulation.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move through an environment that will become less favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 30°C. An upper level trough near the east coast of China will produce southwesterly winds that will blow toward the top of Ewiniar’s circulation. Those winds will cause the vertical wind shear to increase. Since the circulation around Ewiniar is small, an increase in wind shear will have a larger effect on the typhoon. Typhoon Ewiniar is likely to weaken during the next 24 hours when the vertical wind shear increases.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move around the northwestern part of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system and the upper level trough near the east coast of China will steer Ewiniar toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Typhoon Ewiniar will continue to move farther away from Luzon. Ewiniar will pass southeast of the Ryukyu Islands during the next few days.

Elsewhere, Tropical Cyclone Remal continued to drop heavy rain on Bangladesh. There were reports that Remal caused fatalities in Bangladesh. At 5:00 a.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Remal was located at latitude 23.1°N and longitude 89.2°E which put it about 85 miles (140 km) southwest of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Remal was moving toward the north-northeast at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

Ewiniar Rapidly Intensifies to a Typhoon East of Luzon

Former Tropical Storm Ewiniar rapidly intensified to a typhoon east of Luzon on Sunday. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Typhoon Ewiniar was located at latitude 15.2°N and longitude 122.5°E which put it about 125 miles (200 km) east-northeast of Manila, Philippines. Ewiniar was moving toward the northeast at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 966 mb.

Former Tropical Storm Ewiniar rapidly intensified to a typhoon after it moved east of Luzon on Sunday. A very small eye with a diameter of 5 miles (8 km) formed at the center of Typhoon Ewiniar. The eye was surrounded by a ring of thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms. Bands of showers and thunderstorms revolved around the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. Storms near the center generated upper level divergence that pumped mass away from the typhoon. The removal of mass caused the surface pressure to decrease rapidly.

The circulation around Typhoon Ewiniar was small. Winds to typhoon force extended out 20 miles (30 km) from the center of Ewiniar’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move through an environment that will be very favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 31°C. It will move under the western part of an upper level ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The upper level ridge will produce southwesterly winds that will blow toward the top of Ewiniar’s circulation. The winds in the lower levels of the atmosphere will also blow from the southwest and there will be little vertical wind shear. Typhoon Ewiniar is likely to intensify during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar could continue to intensify rapidly. If the inner end of a rainband wraps around the existing eye and eyewall, then an eyewall replacement cycle could interrupt the intensification.

Typhoon Ewiniar will move around the western end of a high pressure system that is east of the Philippines. The high pressure system will steer Ewiniar toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Typhoon Ewiniar will move farther away from Luzon during the next 24 hours. Ewiniar will pass southeast of the Ryukyu Islands during the early part of next week.

Typhoon Ewiniar will continue to produce strong winds and locally heavy rain in Luzon until it moves farther to the northeast. Heavy rain is likely to cause flash floods in some locations.

Typhoon Bolaven Passes East of Iwo To

Typhoon Bolaven passed east of Iwo To on Thursday evening. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Typhoon Bolaven was located at latitude 26.2°N and longitude 147.8°E which put it about 350 miles (570 km) east of Iwo To. Bolaven was moving toward the northeast at 23 m.p.h. (37 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 145 m.p.h. (235 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 175 m.p.h. (285 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 928 mb.

Concentric eyewalls developed at the center of Typhoon Bolaven on Thursday. The inner end of a rainband wrapped around the existing small eye and eyewall. The larger outer eyewall surrounded the inner eye and eyewall. Bands of showers and thunderstorms revolved around the concentric eyewalls. Storms near the eyewalls generated upper level divergence that pumped mass away to the northeast of the typhoon.

The size of Typhoon Bolaven increased when the concentric eyewalls developed. Winds to typhoon force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of Bolaven’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 265 miles (425 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Bolaven was 29.9. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 21.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 51.2.

Typhoon Bolaven will move through an environment that will become more unfavorable for a powerful typhoon during the next 24 hours. Bolaven will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 27°C. It will move under the eastern side of an upper level trough near Japan. The upper level trough will produce southwesterly winds that will blow toward the top of Bolaven’s circulation. Those winds will cause the vertical wind shear to increase. Typhoon Bolaven is likely to weaken during the next 24 hours as it goes through an eyewall replacement cycle and the vertical wind shear increases. Bolaven could make a transition to a strong extratropical cyclone when it moves over cooler water south of Alaska.

The upper level trough near Japan will steer Typhoon Bolaven quickly toward the northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Typhoon Bolaven will pass far to the east of Japan on Friday. Bolaven could move south of the Aleutian Islands during the weekend.

Typhoon Bolaven Gets Even Stronger

Typhoon Bolaven got even stronger on Wednesday morning. At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Bolaven was located at latitude 19.3°N and longitude 142.9°E which put it about 420 miles (675 km) south-southeast of Iwo To. Bolaven was moving toward the northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 180 m.p.h. (290 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 220 m.p.h. (355 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 904 mb.

Typhoon Bolaven grew even more powerful on Wednesday morning. A circular eye with a diameter of 16 miles (26 km) was at the center of Bolaven’s circulation. The eye was surrounded by a ring of thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Bolaven. Storms near the core generated strong upper level divergence that pumped large quantities of mass away from the typhoon. The removal of large amounts of mass caused the surface pressure to decrease to 904 mb.

The circulation around Typhoon Bolaven was very symmetrical. Winds to typhoon force extended out 45 miles (65 km) from the center of Bolaven’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 195 miles (315 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Bolaven was 42.2. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 18.4 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 60.6. Typhoon Bolaven was similar in intensity to Hurricane Dorian in 2019. Bolaven was bigger than Dorian was.

Typhoon Bolaven will move through an environment favorable for a very powerful typhoon during the next 24 hours. Bolaven will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 30°C. It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear. Typhoon Bolaven could maintain its intensity during the next 24 hours. If the inner end of a rainband wraps around the existing eye and eyewall, then concentric eyewalls could form. If concentric eyewalls form, then an eyewall replacement cycle could cause Typhoon Bolaven to weaken.

Typhoon Bolaven will move around the western part of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system will steer Bolaven toward the north during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, the Typhoon Bolaven will move closer to Iwo To.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung Moves Toward Honshu

Tropical Storm Yun-Yeung moved toward Honshu on Wednesday. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Yun-yeung was located at latitude 30.2°N and longitude 136.7°E which put it about 430 miles (695 km) south-southwest of Tokyo, Japan. Yun-yeung was moving toward the north-northeast at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 994 mb.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung consisted primarily of a low level circulation on Wednesday night. The bands revolving around the center of Yun-yeung’s circulation contained primarily showers and lower clouds. A strong upper level trough northwest of Japan produced strong southwesterly winds that blew across the top of Tropical Storm Yun-Yeung. Those winds caused strong vertical wind shear and the winds blew the upper part of Yun-Yeung’s circulation to the northeast of the circulation near the surface . There was a band of thunderstorms near the northern periphery of Tropical Storm Yun-yeung. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 100 miles (160 km) in the eastern side of Yun-Yeung’s circulation. The winds in the western side of Yun-yeung were blowing at less than tropical storm force.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will move through an environment unfavorable for intensification of a tropical storm during the next 36 hours. Yun-yeung will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 28°C. However, the upper level trough northwest of Japan will continue to cause strong vertical wind shear. The strong vertical wind shear will prevent intensification of Tropical Storm Yun-yeung. Yun-yeung could get a little stronger, if it makes a transition to an extratropical cyclone.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will move around the northwestern part of high pressure system over the Western North Pacific. The high pressure system and the upper level trough northwest of Japan will steer Yun-yeung toward the northeast during the next 36 hours. On its anticipated track, Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will approach Tokyo in 36 hours.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung Forms South of Japan

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung formed over the Western North Pacific Ocean south of Japan on Tuesday night. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Yun-yeung was located at latitude 26.2°N and longitude 133.6°E which put it about 810 miles (1305 km) south-southwest of Tokyo, Japan. Yun-yeung was moving toward the north at 17 m.p.h. (28 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

A low pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean strengthened on Tuesday and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Yun-yeung. More thunderstorms developed near the center of Yun-yeung’s circulation on Tuesday evening, but the distribution of thunderstorms was asymmetrical. Most of the thunderstorms were occurring in bands in the southern half of Tropical Storm Yun-yeung. Bands in the northern half of the circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. The distribution of wind speeds was also asymmetrical. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 40 miles (65 km) in the eastern side of Yun-yeung’s circulation. The winds in the eastern side of Yun-yeung were blowing at less than tropical storm force.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will move through an environment somewhat favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Yun-yeung will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 28°C. It will move under the eastern side on an upper level ridge south of Japan. The upper level ridge will produce northeasterly winds that will blow toward the top of Yun-yeung’s circulation. Those winds will cause moderate vertical wind shear. The wind shear is already contributing to the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms. The vertical wind shear will inhibit intensification, but the shear will probably not be strong enough to prevent Yun-yeung from strengthening. Tropical Storm Yun-yeung is likely to intensify gradually during the next 24 hours.

Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will move around the northwestern part of high pressure system over the Western North Pacific. The high pressure system will steer Yun-yeung toward the north-northeast during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, Tropical Storm Yun-yeung will move closer to Honshu. Yun-yeung could be near Tokyo in 48 hours.

Typhoon Haikui Nears Taiwan

Typhoon Haikui neared Taiwan on Saturday. At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Typhoon Haikui was located at latitude 22.6°N and longitude 122.7°E which put it about 100 miles (160 km) east-southeast of Taitung, Taiwan. Haikui was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (21 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 958 mb.

Typhoon Haikui intensified as it neared Taiwan on Saturday. A small circular eye was at the center of Haikui’s circulation. The eye was surrounded by a ring of thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Haikui. Storms near the core generated upper level divergence that pumped mass away from the typhoon.

The Taiwan Central Weather Bureau’s radar images indicated that Typhoon Haikui was very symmetrical. Winds to typhoon force extended out 35 miles (55 km) from the center of Haikui’s circulation. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 115 miles (185 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Haikui was 17.8. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 9.7 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 27.5. Typhoon Haikui was similar in size and intensity to Hurricane Zeta when Zeta hit Louisiana in 2020.

Typhoon Haikui will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next few hours. Haikui will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 30°C. It will move under the southern part of an upper level ridge centered north of Taiwan. The ridge will produce easterly winds that will blow toward the top of Haikui’s circulation. The winds in the lower levels of the atmosphere will also blow from the east. So, there will be little vertical wind shear. Typhoon Haikui is likely to continue to intensify during the next few hours until it makes landfall on Taiwan.

Typhoon Haikui will move around the southern part of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system will steer Haikui toward the west- northwest during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track, the center of Typhoon Haikui will move landfall on the coast of southeast Taiwan near Taitung in nine hours.

Typhoon Haikui will bring strong winds and heavy rain to Taiwan. Haikui will be capable of causing regional serious damage. The heaviest rain will fall on the eastern sides of mountains where the wind will push air up the slopes. Heavy rain is likely to cause flash floods.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, former Typhoon Saola weakened to a tropical storm along the coast of southern China and former Tropical Storm Kirogi weakened to a tropical depression south of Japan. At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Saola was located at latitude 21.6°N and longitude 109.5°E which put it about 35 miles (55 km) east-northeast of Beihai, China. Saola was moving toward the west-southwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 991 mb.

At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Depression Kirogi was located at latitude 29.6°N and longitude 142.0°E which put it about 370 miles (595 km) south-southeast of Tokyo, Japan. Kirogi was moving toward the northwest at 22 m.p.h. (35 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.