Tropical Depression Cindy brought stormy weather to parts of the southern U.S. on Thursday. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Tropical Depression Cindy was located at latitude 33.1°N and 93.5°W which put it about 70 miles (115 km) southwest of Little Rock, Arkansas. Cindy was moving toward the north-northeast at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 20 m.p.h. (30 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.
Tropical Storm Cindy made landfall early on Thursday morning near the border between Texas and Louisiana. Cindy moved steadily northward during the day and it was centered over southwestern Arkansas by Thursday night. Broad counterclockwise rotation around Cindy transported warm and very humid air over the southern U.S. Bands of showers and thunderstorms dropped locally heavy rain in some places. Rivers and streams were above flood stage in several southern states. Flash Flood Warnings and Flash Flood Watches were issued for portions of the southern U.S. and Ohio River Valley. Several tornadoes formed in the bands of thunderstorms. A tornado in Alabama caused property damage. Southerly winds blowing toward the shore were still causing storm surges along the northern coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
Tropical Depression Cindy is forecast to move northeast toward the Ohio River Valley on Friday. It will continue to produce locally heavy rain. A slow moving cold front will approach the region from the west. A band of stronger convergence could develop where the counterclockwise flow around Cindy interacts with the flow along the cold front. Higher rainfall totals may occur where this interaction happens. Wind shear created by the interacting weather systems could also create the potential for some tornadoes. Tropical Depression Cindy could merge with the cold front during Friday night or Saturday.
Tropical Storm Cindy neared the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Mexico on Wednesday evening. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Cindy was located at latitude 28.6°N and longitude 93.4°W which put it about 95 miles (150 km) south-southeast of Port Arthur, Texas. Cindy was moving toward the north-northwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 992 mb.
A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for the portion of the coast from San Luis Pass, Texas to Grand Isle, Louisiana.
Tropical Cyclone Cindy exhibits a hybrid structure in which a broad surface low pressure system is interacting with an upper low centered near the Upper Texas coast. There is a distinct center of low pressure at the surface. A band of showers and thunderstorms is northwest of the surface center. Drier air in the middle and upper levels wraps around the southern and eastern sides of the center and there are no thunderstorms in those quadrants of the core of Tropical Storm Cindy. A broad flow of moisture is producing bands of showers and thunderstorms in the outer portions of the eastern and northern sides of the circulation.
Tropical Storm Cindy is moving around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system centered over the Atlantic Ocean. The subtropical high is steering Cindy toward the north-northwest. On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Cindy will make landfall near the border between Texas and Louisiana on Thursday. Cindy will turn toward the north and then the tropical storm will move northeastward on Friday.
Some locations will experience prolonged periods of rainfall and fresh water flooding will be possible in those area. There could also be a storm surge of 3 to 6 feet (1 to 3 meters) near where the center makes landfall. A few tornadoes could be spun up as rainbands move over the coast.
Tropical Storm Cindy strengthened on Tuesday night as is moved slowly over the Central Gulf of Mexico. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Cindy was located at latitude 26.4°N and longitude 91.0°W which put it about 305 miles (495 km) southeast of Galveston, Texas. Cindy was moving toward the northwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 70 m.p.h. (110 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.
A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for the portion of the coast from San Luis Pass, Texas to the Alabama/Florida border including Metropolitan New Orleans and Lake Pontchartrain.
Although Tropical Storm Cindy does not look very impressive on infrared satellite imagery, data from reconnaissance aircraft and surface observations from buoys and ships indicate that it has strengthened during the past few hours. Tropical Storm Cindy displays the structure of a highly sheared tropical storm. There are no thunderstorms near the center of circulation. Most of the showers and thunderstorms are in bands well to the east and north of the center of circulation. The circulation of Tropical Storm Cindy is large and winds to tropical storm force extend out about 275 miles (445 km) northeast of the center.
A combination of an upper level low to the northwest of Cindy and an upper level ridge to the east of it have generated enough upper level divergence to cause the surface pressure to decrease. The lower pressure at the center created a bigger pressure difference with the subtropical high over the Atlantic Ocean and the stronger pressure gradient force accelerated the wind speed. So, even though the upper level low produced enough vertical wind shear to prevent a classical process of tropical intensification in Tropical Storm Cindy, the larger scale weather features combined to produce a stronger, larger tropical storm.
Tropical Storm Cindy could intensify a little more if the large scale environment pumps out more mass and the surface pressure decreases further. The tropical storm could also intensify if the upper low moves farther away from Cindy and the wind shear decreases. It is unlikely that Tropical Storm Cindy will intensify into a hurricane, but there is a slight possibility that could occur before it makes landfall.
The subtropical high over the Atlantic Ocean is steering Tropical Storm Cindy slowly toward the northwest and that general motion is expected to continue for another 12 to 24 hours. Cindy could gradually turn toward the north as it approaches the coast and the tropical storm will turn toward the northeast after it moves inland. On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Storm Cindy could approach the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Mexico on Wednesday night.
The large size of the circulation of Tropical Storm Cindy and its slow motion mean that locally heavy rain and flooding are the greater risks. There is also the potential for rainbands to spin up tornadoes when they move onto the coast. Southerly winds driving water toward the coast are already causing a storm surge along parts of the coast of Louisiana. A storm surge of 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 meters) may be possible where the strongest winds strike the coast.