Tropical Depression Ten-E intensified into Tropical Storm Irwin, the circulation of Tropical Storm Greg increased in size and Tropical Storm Hilary strengthened on Sunday. At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Irwin was located at latitude 14.9°N and longitude 116.6°W which put it about 705 miles (1135 km) southwest of the southern tip of Baja California. Irwin was moving toward the west at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.
At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Greg was located at latitude 14.4°N and longitude 130.1°W which put it about 1445 miles (2325 km) west-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California. Greg was moving toward the west at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1001 mb.
At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Hilary was located at latitude 14.9°N and longitude 102.9°W which put it about 410 miles (660 km) south-southeast of Manzanillo, Mexico. Hilary was moving toward the west-northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was was 999 mb.
A primary rainband wrapped around the western and southern sides of the center of circulation of Tropical Depression Ten-E and the National Hurricane Center upgraded the system to Tropical Storm Irwin. Several other bands of showers and thunderstorms were developing over the southern half of the circulation. There were fewer showers and thunderstorms in the northern half of the circulation. Thunderstorms near the center of circulation were generating some upper level divergence.
Tropical Storm Irwin will move through an environment that will be somewhat favorable for intensification. Irwin will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 28°C. An upper level ridge northwest of Irwin are generating northeastern winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation. Those winds are generating moderate vertical wind shear and the shear may be the cause of the asymmetric distribution of showers and thunderstorms. Tropical Storm Irwin could intensify during the next 24 to 48 hours.
The circulation of Tropical Storm Greg grew in size on Sunday. However, Tropical Storm Greg will move into a less favorable environment during the next several days. Tropical Storm Greg is over water where the SST is near 28°C, but it will move over cooler water in a day or two. Greg could intensify in the short term, but it will weaken by midweek.
Tropical Storm Hilary is moving through a very favorable environment. Hilary is moving over water where the SST is near 30°C. The upper level winds are weak and there is little vertical wind shear. Tropical Storm Hilary could be beginning a period of rapid intensification. Hilary is forecast to become a hurricane on Monday and it could be a major hurricane later this week.
A subtropical ridge is steering all three tropical storms in a general west-northwesterly direction. Tropical Storms Greg, Hilary and Irwin are likely to continue to move a little to the north of due west during the next three days. On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Hilary is expected to remain west of the west coast of Mexico.