Tag Archives: South Korea

Tropical Storm Trases Develops over the East China Sea

Tropical Storm Trases developed over the East China Sea south of Jeju Island, South Korea on Sunday afternoon. At 2:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Trases was located at latitude 30.1°N and longitude 126.3°E which put it about 175 miles (280 km) south of Jeju Island, South Korea. Trases was moving toward the north-northwest at 18 m.p.h. (29 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

The circulation at the center of a large low pressure system over the East China Sea strengthened on Sunday afternoon and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Trases. The distribution of thunderstorms around Tropical Storm Trases was asymmetrical. Thunderstorms were occurring in bands in the southern part of Trases’ circulation. Bands in the other part of the tropical storm consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. The air in the northern part of Tropical Storm Trases was cooler and drier. The cooler, drier air was inhibiting the formation of thunderstorms in that part of Trases.

Tropical Storm Trases will move through an environment marginally favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours. Trases will will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperatures are near 26˚C. It will move under the axis of an upper level ridge centered north of Japan. The upper level winds are weak near the axis of the ridge and there will be little vertical wind shear. However, the cooler drier air on the northern side of Trases will limit the potential for intensification. Tropical Storm Trases could intensify a little during the next 12 hours. Trases will move over cooler water on Monday and it is likely to weaken at that time.

Tropical storm Trases will move around the western side of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high pressure system will steer Trases toward the north during the next 24 hours. On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Storm Trases could reach Jeju Island within 12 hours. Trases could make landfall on the west coast of South Korea on Monday. Tropical Storm Trases will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of South Korea.

Typhoon Haishen Drops Heavy Rain over South Korea

Typhoon Haishen dropped heavy rain over South Korea on Sunday night. Haishen weakened to a tropical storm after it made landfall on South Korea.   At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Haishen was located at latitude 36.6°N and longitude 128.8°E which put it about 30 miles north-northwest of Busan, South Korea.  Haishen was moving toward the north at 27 m.p.h. (43 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 969 mb.

The center of Typhoon Haishen passed just to the west of Kyushu earlier on Sunday.  A weather station at Makurazaki, Japan reported a wind speed of 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h) and a pressure of 966.6 mb.

Typhoon Haishen began dropping heavy rain over parts of South Korea hours before the center made landfall west of Busan.  Heavy rain was falling on some of the same places that also received heavy rain from Typhoon Maysak a few days ago.  The additional rain will cause flash floods in some locations.  Tropical Storm Haishen will continue to weak as it moves rapidly toward the north.

Typhoon Haishen Brings Wind and Rain to Northern Ryukyu Islands

Typhoon Haishen brought wind and rain to the northern Ryukyu Islands on Saturday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Typhoon Haishen was located at latitude 28.3°N and longitude 130.4°E which put it about 170 miles (280 km) east-northeast of Okinawa.  Haishen was moving toward the north-northwest at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 945 mb.

The center of Typhoon Haishen passed west of Minami-Daito Jima on Saturday.  A weather station there measured a wind speed of 72 m.p.h. (116 km/h) and a pressure of 943.6 mb.

The circulation around around Typhoon Haishen developed concentric eyewalls on Saturday.  The smaller original eyewall started to weaken as low level convergence became more concentrated into the much larger outer eyewall.  The strongest winds were originally found in the inner eyewall, but those wind speeds decreased.  The stronger winds were blowing in the larger outer eyewall on Saturday night.

The concentric eyewall structure produced an increase in the size of the circulation around Typhoon Haishen.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 100 miles (160 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 325 miles (530 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Haishen was 19.2.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 37.2 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 56.4.  Typhoon Haishen was capable of causing widespread serious damage.

Typhoon Haishen will move into a less favorable environment during the next 24 hours.  Haishen will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  Drier air over Asia will get pulled into the circulation.  Wind shear will increase when Typhoon Haishen moves farther north because it will get closer to the upper level westerly winds in the middle latitudes.  The effects of the concentric eyewalls, drier air and more wind shear will cause Typhoon Haishen to gradually weaken.

Typhoon Haishen will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Haishen toward the north.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Haishen will pass near the western part of Kyushu in about 12 hours.  Haishen will reach South Korea in about 24 hours.  Typhoon Haishen will bring strong winds and heavy rain to parts of Kyushu and South Korea.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods, especially in places that received heavy rain from Typhoon Maysak a few days ago.

Typhoon Haishen Intensifies to Equivalent of Major Hurricane

Typhoon Haishen intensified to the equivalent of a major hurricane over the Western North Pacific Ocean on Thursday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Thursday the center of Typhoon Haishen was located at latitude 21.4°N and longitude 135.4°E which put it about 405 miles (650 km) southeast of Minamidaitojima, Japan.  Haishen was moving toward the west-northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 145 m.p.h. (235 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 175 m.p.h. (280 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 938 mb.

Typhoon Haishen intensified rapidly on Thursday.  A circular eye became more visible on conventional satellite images.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Haishen.  Storms near the core generated strong upper level divergence which pumped mass away from the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Haishen increased in size on Thursday.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 65 miles (105 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 215 miles (315 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) was 29.9.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 23.5 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 53.4.  Typhoon Haishen was capable of causing widespread significant damage.

Typhoon Haishen will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours.  Haishen will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Haishen could strengthen to the equivalent of a Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.

Typhoon Haishen will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Typhoon Haishen toward the northwest during the next 36 hours.  Haishen will move more toward the north when it reaches the western end of the high pressure system.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Haishen could reach Minamidaitojima in about 36 hours.  Haishen could approach the northern Ryukyu Islands in about 48 hours.  Typhoon Haishen could hit South Korea in a little over three days.

Typhoon Maysak Brings Wind and Rain to South Korea

Typhoon Maysak brought wind and rain to South Korea on Wednesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Maysak was located at latitude 36.9°N and longitude 128.9°E which put it about 30 miles (50 km) north-northwest of Busan, South Korea.  Maysak was moving toward the north-northeast at 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 950 mb.

The center of Typhoon Maysak made landfall on the south coast of South Korea west of Busan on Wednesday.  The large circulation around Maysak brought gusty winds and heavy rain to much of the Korean Peninsula.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 200 miles (320 km) from the center.  The heavy rain was falling on ground that was saturated by previous tropical cyclones and other weather systems.  The rain will likely cause widespread flash flooding.

Typhoon Maysak was being steered quickly toward the north by an upper level trough over eastern Asia.  On its anticipated track the center of Maysak will move along the east coast of the Korean Peninsula.  Typhoon Maysak will weaken and it will made a transition to an extratropical cyclone during the next 24 hours.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Typhoon Haishen strengthened south of Iwo To.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Typhoon Haishen was located at latitude 20.3°N and longitude 138.8°E which put it about 350 miles (560 km) south-southwest of Iwo To.  Haishen was moving toward the west-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

Typhoon Haishen will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 36 to 48 hours.  Haishen will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Haishen will continue to intensify and it is likely to strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Typhoon Haishen will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Haishen toward the northwest during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Haishen could approach the northern Ryukyu Islands in about 72 hours.  Haishen could eventually bring wind and rain to the same areas in Kyushu and South Korea affected by Typhoon Maysak.

Large Typhoon Maysak Churns Toward South Korea

Large, powerful Typhoon Maysak churned toward South Korea on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Maysak was located at latitude 30.1°N and longitude 126.9°E which put it about 405 miles (655 km) south-southwest of Busan, South Korea.  Maysak was moving toward the north-northeast at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 160 m.p.h. (260 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 932 mb.

Typhoon Maysak neared the completion of an eyewall replacement cycle on Tuesday which resulted in an increase in the size of the circulation.  The original inner eyewall had not quite dissipated, but low level convergence was focused on the much larger outer eyewall.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 90 miles (145 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 240 miles (390 km) from the center of Maysak.

Typhoon Maysak was a large, dangerous tropical cyclone.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) was 25.1.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 27.5 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 52.6.  Typhoon Maysak was capable of causing widespread major damage.

Since Typhoon Maysak was near the end of an eyewall replacement cycle, it will likely weaken slowly during the next 18 hours.  Maysak will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  An upper level trough over eastern Asia will approach Typhoon Maysak on Wednesday.  The trough will produce southwesterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds will cause more vertical wind shear and the shear will cause Typhoon Maysak to weaken more quickly.

Typhoon Maysak will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Maysak toward the north during the next 24 hours.  On its anticipated track the core of Typhoon Maysak is likely to pass west of Kyushu.  Maysak could reach South Korea in about 18 hours.  Typhoon Maysak could be the equivalent of a large, major hurricane when it gets to South Korea.  Maysak will produce very strong winds over South Korea.  It will also drop heavy rain and flash floods could occur.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm Haishen strengthened south of Iwo To.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Haishen was located at latitude 20.1°N and longitude 142.8°E which put it about 340 miles (545 km) south-southeast of Iwo To.  Haishen was moving toward the west-southwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.  Tropical Storm Haishen is forecast to strengthen into a typhoon and it could move toward western Japan later this week.

Typhoon Maysak Brings Wind and Rain to the Ryukyu Islands

Typhoon Maysak brought winds and rain to the Ryukyu Islands on Monday.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Typhoon Maysak was located at latitude 27.5°N and longitude 126.5°E which put it about 110 miles (175 km) west-northwest of Kadena AFB, Okinawa.  Maysak was moving toward the north-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 160 m.p.h. (260 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 932 mb.

The eye and eyewall of Typhoon Maysak passed west of Okinawa on Monday.  Rainbands on the eastern side of Maysak passed over Okinawa and some of the other southern Ryukyu Islands.  A weather station at Naha reported a sustained wind speed of 58 m.p.h. (93 km/h).  A station at Kitahari (Kumejima Airport), which was closer to the center of Typhoon Maysak reported a sustained wind speed of 89 m.p.h. (144 km/h).

Satellite and radar images suggest that concentric eyewalls may have formed at the core of Typhoon Maysak.  The inner eye had a diameter of 8 miles (13 km).  A much larger outer eye with a diameter of approximately 100 miles (160 km) surrounded the inner eye.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the large core of Maysak.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Maysak was large.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 70 miles (110 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 200 miles (320 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Maysak was 25.1.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 25.5 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI).  Maysak was capable of causing widespread major damage.

Typhoon Maysak will move through an environment capable of supporting a strong typhoon during the next 24 hours, but it has likely reached its peak intensity.  The formation of concentric eyewalls normally results in a weaker, but larger tropical cyclone.  The wind speed will decrease when the inner eyewall dissipates.  When that occurs, the maximum wind speeds will occur in the larger outer eyewall.  Since Maysak will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C, it will remain a typhoon for another 24 to 36 hours.

Typhoon Maysak will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Maysak toward the north during the next 36 hours.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Maysak will pass west of Kyushu.  Typhoon Maysak could reach South Korea in 36 hours

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Depression 11W was passing southeast of Iwo To.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Depression 11W was located at latitude 21.7°N and longitude 144.2°E which put it about 290 miles (470 km) southeast of Iwo To.  The depression was moving toward the west-southwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb.

Typhoon Maysak Strengthens to Equivalent of Major Hurricane Near Okinawa

Typhoon Maysak strengthened to the equivalent of a major hurricane near Okinawa on Monday.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Monday the center of Typhoon Maysak was located at latitude 25.5°N and longitude 127.0°E which put it about 110 miles (180 km) south-southwest of Kadena AFB, Okinawa.  Maysak was moving toward the north-northwest at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 155 m.p.h. (250 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 936 mb.

Typhoon Maysak strengthened to the equivalent of a major hurricane on Monday as it approached Okinawa.  A circular eye with a diameter of 30 miles (50 km) was at the center of Maysak.  The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Maysak.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon.

Typhoon Maysak had a large circulation.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 70 miles (110 km) from the center of Maysak.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 200 miles (320 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Maysak was 23.6.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 24.1 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 47.7.  Typhoon Maysak was capable of causing widespread major damage.

Typhoon Maysak will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 to 24 hours.  Maysak will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Maysak could strengthen further and it could intensify into the equivalent of a Category 4 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Scale.

Typhoon Maysak will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Maysak toward the north during the next several days.  On its anticipated track the center of Typhoon Maysak will pass west of Okinawa during the next few hours.  Maysak will bring strong winds and heavy rain to Okinawa.  Typhoon Maysak could approach South Korea in about 48 hours.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Depression 11W formed east-southeast of Iwo To.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Depression 11W was located at latitude 25.5°N and longitude 127.0°E which put it about 315 miles (515 km) east-southeast of Iwo To.  the depression was moving toward the southwest at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1008 mb.

Maysak Intensifies into a Typhoon East of Luzon

Former Tropical Storm Maysak intensified into a typhoon on Saturday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Typhoon Maysak was located at latitude 17.2°N and longitude 128.7°E which put it about 335 miles (540 km) east of Luzon.  Maysak was moving toward the west-northwest at 4 m.p.h. (6 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 976 mb.

The circulation around Typhoon Maysak exhibited greater organization on Saturday.  The inner end of a rainband wrapped partially around the center of circulation and an eye could be forming at the center of Maysak.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Maysak.  Storms near the core were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the core.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 30 miles (50 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 185 miles (295 km) from the center.

Typhoon Maysak will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 36 to 48 hours.  Maysak will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds will be weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Maysak will continue to strengthen and it could intensify rapidly when an eye and eyewall are fully formed.  Maysak could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane within 24 to 36 hours.

Typhoon Maysak will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Maysak toward the north during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Maysak will move toward the southern Ryukyu Islands.  Maysak could pass near Okinawa in about 48 hours.  Typhoon Maysak is likely to be the equivalent of a major hurricane when it passes near Okinawa.

Typhoon Bavi Passes East of Shanghai

Typhoon Bavi passed east of Shanghai on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Bavi was located at latitude 31.9°N and longitude 124.7°E which put it about 200 miles (320 km) east-northeast of Shanghai, China.  Bavi was moving toward the north-northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 110 m.p.h. (175 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 130 m.p.h. (210 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 958 mb.

The circulation around Typhoon Bavi was well organized on Tuesday.  A circular eye with a diameter of 18 miles (30 km) was at the center of Bavi.  A ring of strong thunderstorms surrounded the eye and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Bavi.  Storm near the core generated upper level divergence which pumped mass away to the north of the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Bavi was moderately large.  Winds to typhoon force extended out 40 miles (65 km) from the center of circulation.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 150 miles (240 km) from the center.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Bavi was 19.2.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 16.0 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 35.2.  Typhoon Bavi was capable of causing regional serious damage.

Typhoon Bavi will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours.  Bavi will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear.  Typhoon Bavi could strengthen into the equivalent of a major hurricane during the next 12 hours.  In 12 hours Bavi will start to move over cooler water, which could end the chance for intensification.  In 24 hours Typhoon Bavi will approach the eastern part of an upper level trough over China.  The trough will produce strong southwesterly winds which will cause strong vertical wind shear.  The strong shear will cause Bavi to weaken more quickly.

Typhoon Bavi will move around the western end of a subtropical high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The high will steer Bavi toward the north during the next 36 hours.  On its anticipated track Typhoon Bavi could approach the west coast of North Korea in about 24 hours.  Bavi will bring strong winds and locally heavy rain to North Korea and parts of northeastern China.