Tag Archives: Sri Lanka

Tropical Cyclone Burevi Stalls over Gulf of Mannar

Tropical Cyclone Burevi stalled over the Gulf of Mannar on Friday. At 4:00 p.m. EST on Friday the center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi was located at latitude 9.0°N and longitude 79.4°E which put it about 80 miles (130 km) east of Toothukudi, India. Burevi was nearly stationary. The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi stalled over the Gulf of Mannar between Sri Lanka and the southern tip of India on Friday. Although the center of Burevi was over water, the tropical cyclone weakened since some of the circulation passed over Sri Lanka or southern India. The parts of the circulation that were over land experienced increased friction and were unable to extract as much energy from the surface. The wind speeds around Tropical Cyclone Burevi decreased gradually as a result of more friction and less available energy.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi dropped locally heavy rain over parts of southern Tamil Nadu and Kerala in India. Persistent rain fell in some locations because Burevi stalled. If the rain continues to fall over the same locations, then flash floods are likely to occur.

A high pressure system over India could start to push Tropical Cyclone Burevi toward the west during the weekend. Burevi will weaken further if the center moves across southern India. Tropical Cyclone Burevi could strengthen slowly next week, if the circulation is still relatively intact when it reaches the Arabian Sea.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi Rains on Sri Lanka and Southern India

Tropical Cyclone Burevi dropped rain on northern Sri Lanka and southern India on Wednesday night. At 10:00 p.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi was located at latitude 9.1°N and longitude 80.4°E which put it about 50 miles (80 km) south-southeast of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. Burevi was moving toward the west at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

The center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi made landfall on the coast of Sri Lanka north of Trincomalee on Wednesday. The center moved westward across northern Sri Lanka after it made landfall. Bands of showers and thunderstorms in the northern and western parts of Burevi dropped rain over northern Sri Lanka, southern Tamil Nadu and southern Kerala. Prolonged rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi could weaken during the next few hours while the center is over northern Sri Lanka. The center of Burevi will move over the Gulf of Mannar in a few hours. The center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi could make another landfall on the coast of southern India near Thoothukudi in about 18 hours. Burevi will move across the southernmost parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Tropical Cyclone Burevi could move over the Arabian Sea in about 36 hours. Burevi could slowly strengthen when it moves over the Arabian Sea.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi Strengthens East of Sri Lanka

Tropical Cyclone Burevi strengthened over the Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka on Tuesday. At 10:00 a.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi was located at latitude 8.0°N and longitude 84.4°E which put it about 220 miles (350 km) east of Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Burevi was moving toward the northwest at 9 m.p.h. (15 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (110 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

A former tropical depression over the Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka strengthened into Tropical Cyclone Burevi on Tuesday. More thunderstorms formed close to the center of circulation. More thunderstorms also formed in bands revolving around the center of Burevi. Storms near the center generated upper level divergence which pumped mass away from the tropical cyclone. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 110 miles from the center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi will move through a region favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. Burevi will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C. It will move under the eastern end of an upper level ridge centered over India. The upper winds will be weaker during the next day or so and there will be less vertical wind shear. Tropical Cyclone Burevi will intensify during the next 24 hours.

Tropical Cyclone Burevi will move south of a high pressure system over India and the Bay of Bengal. The high will steer Burevi toward the west-northwest during the next several days. On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone Burevi will approach northern Sri Lanka in about 24 hours. Burevi will bring gusty winds to the northeast coast of Sri Lanka and the coastal waters around southern India. Tropical Cyclone Burevi will drop heavy rain over parts of Sri Lanka and southern India. Flash floods could occur in portions of Sri Lanka, southern Tamil Nadu and southern Kerala.

Tropical Depression Forms East of Sri Lanka

A Tropical Depression (also designated as Invest 98B) formed over the southern Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka on Monday. At 10:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of a tropical depression was located at latitude 6.7°N and longitude 86.3°E which put it about 295 miles (475 km) east of Pottuvil, Sri Lanka. It was moving toward the west at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1004 mb.

A low level center of circulation developed in an area of thunderstorms over the southern Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka on Monday. The circulation around the tropical depression was still organizing on Monday night. More thunderstorms were developing near the low level center. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were forming outside the center of circulation. Storms near the center started to generate upper level divergence which pumped mass away to the north and west of the tropical depression.

The tropical depression will move through a region somewhat favorable for intensification during the next 24 hours. The depression will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C. It will move under the western end of an upper level ridge centered over Southeast Asia. The ridge will produce easterly winds which will blow toward the top of the depression. Those winds will cause moderate vertical wind shear. The shear will inhibit intensification, but it probably will not be strong enough to prevent the tropical depression from intensifying.

The tropical depression will move south of a high pressure system over India and the Bay of Bengal. The high will steer the depression toward the west during the next several days. On its anticipated track the tropical depression will approach Sri Lanka in about 36 hours. It will drop heavy rain over parts of Sri Lanka and flash floods could occur.

Tropical Cyclone 04B Forms over Bay of Bengal

Tropical Cyclone 04B formed over the Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka. At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Gati (03A) was located at latitude 9.9°N and longitude 83.0°E which put it about 210 miles (340 km) east-southeast of Puducherry India and about 200 miles (320 km) east of Jaffna, Sri Lanka. It was moving toward the west at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

The circulation around a low pressure system east of Sri Lanka strengthened on Monday. More thunderstorms developed near the center of the low and the wind speeds increased. The distribution of thunderstorms around the low was asymmetrical. Most of the thunderstorms were occurring in bands in the western half of the circulation. Bands in the eastern half of the tropical cyclone consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. Storms near the center of circulation generated upper level divergence which pumped mass away to the west of the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone 04B will move through an environment that is mostly favorable for intensification during the next during the next 36 hours. It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C. The tropical cyclone will move under the southern side of an upper level ridge over the Bay of Bengal. The ridge will produce easterly winds which will blow toward the top of the circulation. Those winds will cause moderate vertical wind shear and they are probably the reason for the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms. The wind shear will slow the rate of intensification, but the shear will not be large enough to keep the tropical cyclone from strengthening. Tropical Cyclone 04B could intensify into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon with 36 hours.

Tropical Cyclone 04B will move south of a ridge of high pressure over the Bay of Bengal. The high will steer the tropical cyclone toward the west-northwest. On its anticipated track the center of Tropical Cyclone 04B will pass north of Sri Lanka in about 24 hours. The tropical cyclone will approach the coast of India near Puducherry in 36 hours. It could be the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon when it reaches the southeast coast of India.

Tropical Cyclone 04B will drop locally heavy rain over northern Sri Lanka. It will bring strong winds and locally heavy rain to southern India later this week. Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Elsewhere, Tropical Cyclone Gati weakened as it moved across northeastern Somalia toward the Gulf of Aden. At 4:00 p.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Cyclone Gati (03A) was located at latitude 11.9°N and longitude 47.5°E which put it about 45 miles (75 km) northwest of Maydh, Somalia. Gati was moving toward the west-northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1003 mb.

Tropical Cyclone Fani Develops East of Sri Lanka

Tropical Cyclone Fani developed over the southern Bay of Bengal east of Sri Lanka on Saturday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Fani was located at latitude 7.8°N and longitude 88.6°E which put it about 635 miles (1020 km) east-southeast of Chennai, India.  Fani was moving toward the north-northwest at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 989 mb.

A distinct low level center of circulation formed on the eastern side of a cluster of thunderstorms over the southern Bay of Bengal on Saturday and the India Meteorological Department designated the system as Tropical Cyclone Fani.  The circulation around Fani was still organizing.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were developing.  Many of the stronger thunderstorms were developing in two clusters which were east and northwest of the center of circulation.  Bands in other parts of the circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out about 100 miles (160 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Cyclone Fani will move into an environment that is more favorable for intensification.  Fani is currently under the southern part of an upper level ridge.  The ridge is producing easterly winds which are causing moderate vertical wind shear.  The wind shear is the primary factor slowing the intensification of Tropical Cyclone Fani.  Fani is forecast to move under the axis of the ridge where the upper level winds are weaker.  There will be less vertical wind shear when that happens.  Tropical Cyclone Fani will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 31°C.  So, intensification is very likely when the wind shear decreases.  Fani is likely to strengthen into the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon.  Rapid intensification could occur if the inner core of the circulation becomes more well developed.

Tropical Cyclone Fani will move around the western end of a subtropical ridge over southeast Asia.  The ridge will steer Fani toward the north-northwest during the next several days.  It will move more toward the north when it moves around the western end of the ridge.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Fani will move toward the northern Bay of Bengal.

Tropical Cyclone Ockhi Strengthens Quickly Southwest of India

Tropical Cyclone Ockhi strengthened quickly southwest of India on Thursday.  At 7:00 a.m. EST on Thursday the center of Tropical Cyclone Ockhi was located at latitude 8.0°N and longitude 76.2°E which put it about 810 miles (1305 km) south-southeast of Mumbai, India.  Ockhi was moving toward the west-northwest at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 988 mb.

The core of the circulation of a tropical depression that developed near Sri Lanka on Wednesday organized quickly on Thursday.  A primary rainband wrapped most of the way around the center of circulation and an eye began to appear on some satellite imagery.  The storms in the eyewall were strongest west of the eye and weakest north of the eye.  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms formed outside the core of the circulation.  Thunderstorms in the core of Ockhi generated strong upper level divergence which was pumping mass away to the north and west of the tropical cyclone.  The divergence was allowing the surface pressure to decrease and the wind speeds to increase.

Tropical Cyclone Ockhi will be moving through an environment favorable for intensification during the next several days.  Ockhi will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  Tropical Cyclone Ockhi is near the western end of an upper level ridge.  The ridge is producing southeasterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are causing some vertical wind shear, but they are also enhancing the upper level divergence to the north and west of Tropical Cyclone Ockhi.  The positive effects of enhanced divergence will exceed the negative effects of the vertical wind shear.  Tropical Cyclone Ockhi will continue to intensify and it could intensify rapidly.  Ockhi will likely become the equivalent of a hurricane/typhoon within the next 24 hours.

The upper level ridge is currently steering Tropical Cyclone Ockhi toward the west-northwest.  Ockhi will turn more toward the north in a day or two when it reaches the western end of the ridge.   On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Ockhi will move farther away from the coast of India during the next 24 to 48 hours.  The outer rainbands on the eastern side of Ockhi will drop locally heavy rain over portions of southern India and flash floods could occur in some places.  Tropical Cyclone Ockhi is likely to turn toward the northeast in three or four days and it could eventually make landfall in western India.

Tropical Depression Forms Near Southern Tip of Sri Lanka

A tropical depression formed near the southern tip of Sri Lanka on Wednesday.  At 7:00 a.m. EST on Wednesday the center of Tropical Depression 96S was located at latitude 6.2°N and longitude 80.0°E which put it about 20 miles (30 km) northwest of Galle, Sri Lanka.  It was moving toward the west-southwest at 4 m.p.h.  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1004 mb.

A center of circulation formed within a cluster of thunderstorms also designated as Invest 91B and the Indian Meteorological Department classified the system as a Depression.  The circulation in the tropical depression was still organizing.  A large, primary rainband wrapped around the southern and western sides of the center of circulation.  Additional bands of showers and strong thunderstorms were forming in the western half of the circulation.  Bands of showers and isolated thunderstorms were developing in the eastern half of the circulation.  Thunderstorms in the primary rainband were generating upper level divergence which was pumping away mass to the west of the depression.

The depression will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next several days.  It will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  An upper level ridge over India is generating easterly winds which are blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds are causing moderate vertical wind shear which is probably the reason why most of the stronger thunderstorms are occurring in the western half of the depression.  The vertical wind shear will inhibit intensification, but it is not likely to prevent strengthening.  The depression is likely to intensify into a stronger tropical cyclone during the next several days.

The ridge over India is steering the tropical depression toward the west-southwest.  The ridge is forecast to steer the depression in a generally westerly direction during the next several days.  On its anticipated track the depression will move away from Sri Lanka and the center will pass south of India.  The depression could cause locally heavy rain and flash floods in parts of Sri Lanka and southern India.

Tropical Cyclone Vardah Nearing Landfall in India

Tropical Cyclone Vardah moved steadily toward a landfall near Chennai India on Sunday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Cyclone Vardah was located at latitude 13.2°N and longitude 81.1°E which put it about 60 miles (105 km) east of Chennai, India.  Vardah was moving toward the west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 967 mb.

The Indian Meteorological Department’s radar at Chennai shows that Tropical Cyclone Vardah is very well organized and symmetrical.  There is a circular eye surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms.  The strongest storms are west and south of the eye, and the ring is thinner east of the eye.  There are multiple bands of thunderstorms and the heaviest thunderstorms in those bands are also in the western half of the circulation.  The thunderstorms are generating strong upper level divergence which is pumping out mass to the west and north of the tropical cyclone.

Tropical Cyclone Vardah is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  The energy from the ocean will keep Vardah from weakening before it makes landfall.  Tropical Cyclone Vardah will weaken steadily once it begins to move over southern India.

A subtropical ridge north of Vardah is steering the tropical cyclone toward the west and that general motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Vardah will make landfall near Chennai, India in a few hours.  Vardah will continue to move west across southern India after it moves inland.

Tropical Cyclone Vardah will bring strong winds and heavy rain to the area around Chennai.  The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) is 12.7.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) is 11.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) is 24.0.  Those indices indicate that Tropical Cyclone Vardah is capable of causing regional minor wind damage when it makes landafall.

Vardah will also generate a storm surge along portion of the coast north of Chennai where the wind will blow the water toward the coast.  Vardah will produce locally heavy rain over Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.  The heavy rain could produce floods and mudslides.

Tropical Cyclone Vardah Reaches Hurricane Intensity

Tropical Cyclone Vardah intensified into the equivalent of a hurricane on Saturday as it moved across the Bay of Bengal toward India.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Saturday the center of Tropical Cyclone Vardah was located at latitude 13.0°N and longitude 84.8°E which put it about 290 miles (470 km) east of Chennai, India.  Vardah was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (21 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 974 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Cyclone Vardah is well organized, but the distribution of thunderstorms is asymmetrical.  There is a broken ring of thunderstorms around the center of circulation.  Outside of that ring most of the thunderstorms are forming in the western half of the circulation.  It appears that an upper level ridge to the north of Vardah is producing easterly winds which are causing moderate vertical wind shear.  The wind shear seems to be the primary cause of the asymmetry of the convection.  The thunderstorms are generating upper level divergence which is pumping out mass to the west of the cyclone.

The environment around Tropical Cyclone Vardah is marginal for further intensification.  Vardah is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  However, the moderate vertical wind shear may be strong enough to inhibit further intensification.  There are some indications that the upper level winds may be getting stronger and the shear could increase.  If the shear increases, then Tropical Cyclone Vardah could start to weaken even though it is over warm water.

The same ridge that is causing the wind shear is also steering Tropical Cyclone Vardah toward the west and that general motion is expected to continue.  On its anticipated track Tropical Cyclone Vardah could make landfall near Chennai, India in about 36 hours.  Tropical Cyclone Vardah will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to portions of southern India.  The heavy rain could cause flooding and mudslides.  Vardah will also cause a storm surge along the coast near and to the north of where the center makes landfall.