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Eugene Becomes a Hurricane Southwest of Baja California

Tropical Storm Eugene strengthened rapidly into a hurricane on Saturday as it moved southwest of Baja California.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Hurricane Eugene was located at latitude 14.4°N and longitude 113.5°W which put it about 630 miles (1020 km) south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.  Eugene was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 80 m.p.h. (130 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 95 m.p.h. (155 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 990 mb.

A primary raindband wrapped around the center of Hurricane Eugene on Saturday and an eye formed at the center of circulation.  The eye had a diameter of 30 miles (50 km).  Additional bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of the circulation.  Thunderstorms were generating well developed upper level divergence which was pumping mass away in all directions.  The circulation of Hurricane Eugene was symmetrical and well organized.

Hurricane Eugene was moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) was near 29°C.  Eugene was underneath the western end of an upper level ridge.  The ridge was producing southerly winds which were blowing toward the top of the hurricane, but the vertical wind shear was not very strong.  Eugene is likely to intensify on Sunday.  It will gradually move over cooler SSTs and Hurricane Eugene will move over water where the water is cooler than 26°C on Monday.  When Eugene reaches the cooler SSTs, it will begin a steady weakening trend.

Hurricane Eugene is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering it toward the northwest.  Eugene is expected to continue to move toward the northwest during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Hurricane Eugene will move parallel to the west coast of Baja California.

Tropical Storm Eugene Forms South of Baja California

A distinct center of circulation consolidated within a broader area of low pressure south of Baja California on Friday and the National Hurricane Center classified the system as Tropical Storm Eugene.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Eugene was located at latitude 11.9°N and longitude 111.2°W which put it about 765 miles (1230 km) south of the southern tip of Baja California.  Eugene was moving toward the northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Eugene is large and there are numerous bands of showers and thunderstorms rotating around the center of circulation.  A primary rainband is wrapping around the southern and eastern sides of the center and the strongest winds are occurring northeast of the center of circulation.  The circulation is circular and symmetrical.  Thunderstorms around the core of Eugene are beginning to generate upper level divergence which is pumping out mass in all directions.

Tropical Storm Eugene will move through an environment that is favorable for intensification.  Eugene will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  The upper level winds over Tropical Storm Eugene are relatively weak and there is not a lot of vertical wind shear.  The circulation of Tropical Storm Eugene will continue to consolidate and it is likely to intensify during the weekend.  It is likely to become a hurricane and it could intensify rapidly if an eye forms.

Tropical Storm Eugene is moving near the western end of a subtropical ridge which is steering it toward the northwest.  A generally northwesterly motion is expected to continue during the next few days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Eugene would move parallel to the west coast of Baja California and the center would remain west of the coast.

Hurricane Paine Prompts Warnings for Part of Baja California

Tropical Storm Paine intensified into a hurricane on Monday and the government of Mexico issued a Tropical Storm Warning for a portion of the west coast of Baja California.  At 8:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Hurricane Paine was located at latitude 23.4°N and longitude 116.5°W which put it about 315 miles (510 km) south-southwest of Punta Eugenia, Mexico.  Paine was moving toward the northwest at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

There is a Tropical Storm Warning in effect for the portion of the coast from Punta Eugenia to Cabo San Quintin.

The circulation of Hurricane Paine is showing signs of weakening.  It had a well formed eye surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms a few hours ago.  The eye is no longer apparent on infrared satellite imagery.  There are still thunderstorms near the center of circulation.  The circulation appears to be pulling cooler, drier and more stable air around the southwestern quadrant of Hurricane Paine.  More thunderstorms are occurring in rainbands in the northwestern quadrant of the circulation.  There are few thunderstorms in the rainbands in the eastern half of Hurricane Paine.

Hurricane Paine will be moving into an environment that will be very unfavorable for a tropical cyclone.  The center is currently moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 24°C.  It will move over water where the SST will be less than 22°C on Tuesday.  Less energy in the upper ocean and cooler, more stable air will cause the circulation to weaken and it could weaken quickly.  An upper level low southwest of California will generate some vertical wind shear which could separate the upper part of Hurricane Paine from the lower level circulation as Paine weakens.

Hurricane Paine is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge over Mexico which is steering Paine toward the north.  On its anticipated track the center of Paine will pass west of Punta Eugenia on Tuesday.  The center or the upper part of the circulation could be near Cabo San Quintin on Wednesday morning.  It is expected to weaken to a tropical depression or a remnant low before it reaches Cabo San Quintin.  However, Paine could bring tropical storm force winds to a portion of the coast, which is why the Tropical Storm Warning was issued.

Tropical Storm Paine Intensifying Quickly Southwest of Baja California

The Eastern North Pacific Ocean continues to spin out tropical cyclones.  Tropical Storm Paine intensified quickly on Sunday as it moved southwest of Baja California.  In 24 hours Paine intensified from a tropical depression to near hurricane strength.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Paine was located at latitude 19.5°N and longitude 113.8°W which put it about 345 miles (555 km/h) southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.  Paine was moving toward the northwest at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 70 m.p.h. (110 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 992 mb.

Tropical Storm Paine moved through a very favorable environment on Sunday.  The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) was near 28°C.  The upper level winds were light and there was little vertical wind shear.  The favorable environmental conditions allowed a tight inner core to develop rapidly at the center of Tropical Storm Paine.  Infrared and microwave satellite imagery suggest that an eye could be forming at the center of Paine.  A nearly complete ring of strong thunderstorms surrounds the developing eye.  A primary rainband exists in the eastern part of the circulation.  Thunderstorms at the core of Tropical Storm Paine are generating upper level divergence which is pumping out mass in all directions.

Tropical Storm Paine will be in a favorable environment for another 12 to 18 hours.  It is likely to intensify into a hurricane on Monday.  After that time Paine will start to move over cooler SSTs and it should start to weaken.  The air over the cooler SSTs is also drier and more stable and Paine could weaken quickly on Tuesday.

Tropical Storm Paine is moving around the western end of a ridge over Mexico which is steering it toward the northwest.  When Paine reaches the western end of the ridge axis, it will move more toward the north.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Paine will pass to the west of the southern end of Baja California during the next several days.

Hurricane Newton Brings Wind and Heavy Rain to Baja California

Hurricane Newton is bringing wind and heavy rain as it moves over southern Baja California.  At 2:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Hurricane Newton was located at latitude 24.7°N and longitude 111.4°W which put it about 75 miles (120 km) west-northwest of La Paz, Mexico.  Newton was moving toward the northwest at 17 m.p.h. (28 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 90 m.p.h. (145 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 986 mb.

There are Hurricane Warnings in effect for the portions of the coast from Cabo San Lazaro to Todos Santos, from Los Barriles to Mulege and from Guaymas to Bahia Kino.  Tropical Storm Warnings are in effect for the portions of the coast from Cabo San Lazaro to Punta Abreojos, from Mulege to Bahia San Juan Bautista, from Bahia Tempehuaya to Guaymas and from Bahia Kino to Puerto Libertad.  A Hurricane Watch is in effect for the portion of the coast form Bahia Kino to Puerto Libertad.

Hurricane Newton made landfall on the southern tip of Baja California on Tuesday morning.  It moved along the western coast of the peninsula and the center passed to the west of La Paz, Mexico.  Newton is now moving north across Baja California near Ciudad Constitucion.  Newton is generating winds to hurricane force.  Areas of heavier rain are occurring near La Paz and Mulege.  Very heavy rain is falling where the wind is pushing air up the slopes of mountains and there is a substantial risk of flash flooding in those areas.

The structure of Hurricane Newton is beginning to deteriorate as it interacts with the mountains on Baja California.  The circulation is starting to tilt toward the north as the low level circulation is partially blocked by west coast of Baja while the middle and upper portions of the circulation continue to move north.  The strongest thunderstorms are occurring south of the center of circulation.  Additional strong thunderstorms are occurring rain bands north of the center over the Gulf of California.

Hurricane Newton will weaken as long as the center of circulation is moving over the mountains in southern Baja California.  It is possible that the middle and upper parts of the circulation could temporarily become detached from the existing low level center.  A new low level center could form under the middle and upper parts of the circulation when they emerge over the Gulf of California.  The Sea Surface Temperature in the Gulf of California is 32°C, but Newton will only be over the water for a few hours.  So, the potential for significant re-intensification is slight.

Hurricane Newton is moving around the western end of a ridge of high pressure.  The ridge is steering Newton toward the north.  That general motion is expected to continue for the next few hours and then Hurricane Newton could turn more toward the north-northeast.  On its anticipated track Hurricane Newton will emerge over the Gulf of California near Loreto in about 12 hours.  Newton will make a landfall on the west coast of Mexico in about 18 hours.

Hurricane Newton will continue to bring strong winds and heavy rain to the southern part of Baja California for the rest of Tuesday.  It will also produce heavy rain over portions of western Mexico on Wednesday.  Flash flooding will continue to be a risk in areas of steep terrain.  The remnants of Hurricane Newton could transport moist air over southeastern Arizona and western New Mexico.

Rapidly Intensifying Hurricane Newton Threatens Baja California

Hurricane Newton intensified rapidly from a tropical depression on Monday into a powerful hurricane that threatens Baja California.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Hurricane Newton was located at latitude 21.3°N and longitude 109.0°W which put it about 125 miles (200 km) south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.  Newton was moving toward the northwest at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 90 m.p.h. (150 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (170 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 979 mb.

The government of Mexico has issued a Hurricane Warning for the portion of the coast from Cabo San Lazaro to Mulege including Cabo San Lucas.  A Tropical Storm Warning has been issued for the portions of the coast from Cabo San Lazaro to Punta Abreojos, from Mulege to Bahia San Juan Bautista and from Mazatlan to Puerto Libertad.  A Hurricane Watch has been issued for the portion of the coast from Guaymas to Puerto Libertad.

The circulation of Hurricane Newton organized very rapidly on Monday.  A primary rainband wrapped most of the way around an eye.  Multiple bands of thunderstorms developed outside the eyewall.  Thunderstorms near the core of Hurricane Newton generated strong upper level divergence which pumped out mass and allowed the winds speeds to increased rapidly.  Newton intensified from a tropical depression into a hurricane in 24 hours.  The maximum sustained wind speed has increased from 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) 24 hours ago to 90 m.p.h. (150 km/h).

Hurricane Newton is in an environment that could allow it to strengthen until it reaches the southern tip of Baja California.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is 29°C.  The upper level winds are light and there is little vertical wind shear.  When Hurricane Newton reaches Baja California, it will weaken as it crossed over the mountains.  However, it could still be a hurricane when it reaches the warm water in the Gulf of California.

Hurricane Newton is moving around the western end of a mid-level ridge.  The ridge should steer it toward the north-northwest for another 12 hours.  When Newton reaches the end of the ridge, it will turn toward the north-northeast.  On its anticipated track Hurricane Newton will reach the southern portion of Baja California in less than 12 hours.  Newton could emerge over the Gulf of California in about 24 hours.  Newton could still be a hurricane when it reaches the western coast of Mexico near Guaymas on Wednesday.

The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Newton is 13.9.  The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) is 12.2 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index is 26.1.  Given that Hurricane Newton is likely to intensify until it makes landfall in Baja California, it has the potential to cause regional serious wind damage.  Heavy rain and flash flooding will pose an even greater threat in areas of steep terrain.  Newton has the potential to be a destructive hurricane.

Tropical Storm Newton Forms, Hurricane Warning Issued for Baja California

Tropical Storm Newton formed Sunday within a large area of thunderstorms west of Mexico.  Based on the forecast track and intensity the government of Mexico issued watches and warnings for parts of the west coast of Mexico and Baja California.  A Hurricane Warning was issued for the portion of the coast from La Paz to Santa Fe including Cabo San Lucas.  A Tropical Storm Warning was issued for the portion of the coast from Manzanillo to Cabo Corrientes.  Hurricane Watches were issued for the portions of the coast from La Paz to San Evaristo and from Santa Fe to Cabo San Lazaro.  Tropical Storm Watches were issued for the portions of the coast from San Evaristo to Loreto, from Cabo San Lazaro to Puerto San Andresito and from Mazatlan to Huatabampito.

At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Newton was located at latitude 17.0°N and longitude 105.7°W which put it about 490 miles (790 km) southeast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.  Newton was moving toward the north-northwest at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Newton is still organizing.  There is a broad cyclonic rotation southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico.  Clusters of thunderstorms may be spinning up smaller cyclonic circulations within the larger circulation.  Bands of thunderstorms are developing in the southern and eastern of the portions of the larger cyclonic circulation.  There is upper level divergence pumping mass out to the west of the center, but there is no apparent tight core at the center of the circulation.

Tropical Storm Newton is in an environment that is favorable for intensification.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge over Mexico is producing northeasterly winds which are blowing across the top of Tropical Storm Newton,  The upper level winds are restricting the upper level divergence to the east of Newton,  but the vertical wind shear should not be strong enough to prevent intensification.  It is possible that some drier air from Mexico could be pulled into the eastern half of the circulation.

Tropical Storm Newton is forecast to intensify on Monday.  The broad circulation could slow the rate of intensification until a distinct inner core forms.  Once a core develops, then Tropical Storm Newton could intensify more quickly and a period of rapid intensification may be possible.  Tropical Storm Newton could intensify into a hurricane before it reaches Baja California.

The ridge over Mexico is steering Newton toward the north-northwest and that motion is expected to continue for another day or so.  An upper level trough approaching the west coast of North America is expected to turn Tropical Storm Newton more toward the north as it nears the southern tip of Baja California.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Newton could be very near the southern tip of Baja California in about 36 hours.

Tropical Storm Kay Forms South of Baja California

A distinct center of circulation consolidated within a cluster of thunderstorms south of Baja California and the National Hurricane Center designated the system as Tropical Storm Kay.  At 5:00 a.m. EDT on Friday the center of Tropical Storm Kay was located at latitude 18.4°N and longitude 110.9°W which put it about 315 miles (510 km) south-southwest of the southern tip of Baja California.  Kay was moving toward the northwest at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1005 mb.

The circulation of Tropical Storm Kay is only moderately well organized.  Most of the stronger thunderstorms are occurring in a band that wraps around the western side of the circulation.  There are also scattered thunderstorms in broken bands around the tropical storm, but much of the convection is occurring in the western half of Kay.  The thunderstorms in the primary rainband are generating some upper level divergence which is moving air to the west of the Tropical Storm Kay.

Tropical Storm Kay is moving through an environment that is marginally favorable for intensification in the short term.  Kay is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 29°C.  An upper level ridge to the north of Kay is generating northeasterly winds which are blowing across the top of the tropical storm.  The moderate vertical wind shear is inhibiting intensification and it is also contributing to the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms.  The effect of the warm SSTs could allow for some additional intensification during the next 24 hours.  Tropical Storm Kay will be moving over cooler SSTs during the weekend and the effect of the effect of the cooler water with less energy will weaken the storm.

Tropical Storm Kay is moving around the western end of a subtropical ridge and that is steering the storm toward the northwest.  That general motion is expected to continue for another 24 to 48 hours.  When Tropical Storm Kay moves over cooler SSTs, the thunderstorms will weaken and the circulation will become shallower.  The shallower circulation will be steered by the winds closer to the surface, which are expected to turn Tropical Storm Kay more toward the west in a couple of days.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Kay will pass west of Baja California.

Tropical Storm Javier Near Southern Tip of Baja California

Tropical Storm Javier moved slowly toward the southern tip of Baja California on Monday night.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Javier was located at latitude 22.5°N and longitude 109.7°W which put it about 30 miles (50 km) south-southeast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.  Javier was moving toward the northwest at 5 m.p.h. (8 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

The government of Mexico has discontinued all Hurricane Warnings and Watches.  A Tropical Storm Warning remains in effect for the portion of the coast from San Evaristo to Cabo San Lazaro.  A Tropical Storm Watch is in effect for the portion of the coast from San Evaristo to Loreto and from Cabo San Lazaro to Puerto San Andresito.

Javier is a small tropical storm.  Winds to tropical storm force only extend out about 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.  The circulation of Tropical Storm Javier weakened during the past few hours.  Data from a NOAA Hurricane Hunter Research aircraft indicated that drier air in the middle levels had been pulled into the circulation of Javier.  The ingestion of the drier air weakened many of the thunderstorms and the wind speed decreased.  In addition an upper level ridge over northern Mexico appears to be causing easterly winds to blow across the top of Javier.  The vertical wind shear is tilting the circulation and the upper levels of Javier are tilted to the west of the surface center.

Tropical Storm Javier is in an environment that is not favorable for intensification.  Javier is over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C, but the water west of Baja California is cooler.  The tropical storm is ingesting drier air and it is encountering vertical wind shear.  The proximity of Tropical Storm Javier to Baja California may also cause the terrain to disrupt the circulation.  Tropical Storm Javier may be able to maintain its intensity at times, but it is likely to weaken during the next several days.

Tropical Storm Javier is moving around the western end of a ridge over Mexico which has been steering it toward the northwest.  Since the thunderstorms in Javier are not as tall, it is being steered by winds lower in the atmosphere and those steering currents appear to be weaker.  As a result, Tropical Storm Javier moved much more slowly on Monday night.  When a tropical cyclone moves very close to Baja California, the terrain has an impact on the structure of the storm and its ultimate motion.  It is possible that the upper and lower portions of Tropical Storm Javier’s circulation could be sheared apart.  If that happens, the lower portion of the circulation could drift slowly along the west coast of Baja California.  The middle and upper portions of the circulation could be pulled north into the southwestern U.S. by an upper level trough off the west coast of the U.S.

The primary risks posed by Tropical Storm Javier are locally heavy rainfall and flash floods.  Steep terrain in parts of Baja California exacerbate the flood risk in those areas.  It is possible that some moisture associated with Tropical Storm Javier could be pulled into the southwestern U.S. later this week.  If that happens, the moisture will enhance rainfall over parts of Arizona and surrounding states.

Tropical Storm Javier Forms and Heads for Baja California

Tropical Storm Javier formed west of Mexico on Sunday and headed for Baja California.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT the government of Mexico issued Hurricane Warnings and Hurricane Watches for part of Baja California.  At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Javier was located at latitude 20.6°N and longitude 107.7°W which put it about 210 miles (340 km) southeast of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.  Javier was moving to the northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 999 mb.

The government of Mexico has issued a Hurricane Warning for the portion of the coast from Cabo San Lucas to Todos Santos.  A Hurricane Watch and a Tropical Storm Warning has been issued for the portions of the coast from Todos Santos to Cabo San Lazaro and from Cabo San Lucas to Los Barriles.  A Tropical Storm Warning has been issued for the portion of the coast from Los Barriles to San Evaristo.  A Tropical Storm Watch has been issued for the portion of the coast from San Evaristo to Loreto.

Part of the middle and upper level structure associate with Tropical Storm Earl moved westward across Mexico and interacted with a surface trough of low pressure near the west coast of Mexico.  The middle and upper rotation was transported to the surface and a small low pressure system formed southwest of Manzanillo, Mexico.  The system was originally designated Tropical Depression 11-E early on Sunday.  A weather station at Manzanillo reported a wind from the southeast at 46 m.p.h. (74 km/h) at 11:00 a.m. EDT on Sunday and the National Hurricane Center upgraded the system to Tropical Storm Javier.

Javier is a small tropical storm and the circulation is still organizing.  The tropical storm force winds are occurring within 100 miles (160 km) of the center of Tropical Storm Javier.  Most of the thunderstorms are in the western western half of the tropical storm and many are located close to the center of circulation.  The thunderstorms near the center of Javier are generating upper level divergence but it is primarily moving away to the west of the tropical storm.

Tropical Storm Javier is in an environment that is somewhat favorable for intensification.  It is moving over water where the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is near 30°C.  An upper level ridge centered near Texas is producing easterly winds that are blowing over the top of Javier.  The easterly winds are causing some vertical wind shear and they are inhibiting upper level divergence to the east of Javier.  Tropical Storm Jaiver may also be drawing in some drier air from Mexico, since it is close to the coast.  The wind shear and drier air will inhibit the rate of intensification, but Tropical Storm Javier should be able to extract enough energy from the warm SSTs to intensify.

Tropical Storm Javier is moving around the western end of the upper level ridge centered near Texas.  Clockwise flow around that ridge is steering Javier toward the west-northwest.  As Javier nears the western end of the ridge, it will turn more toward the north.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Javier could approach the southern tip of Baja California by late Monday.

Tropical Storm Javier could do some wind damage, but the primary risks will be locally heavy rainfall and flash flooding.  Tropical Storm Javier could increase the flow of moist air over the southwestern U.S. later this week and it could enhance the normal August thunderstorm activity in that region.