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Vamco Rapidly Intensifies to Typhoon East of Luzon

Former Tropical Storm Vamco rapidly intensified into a typhoon east of Luzon on Tuesday. At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Vamco was located at latitude 14.9°N and longitude 124.0°E which put it about 230 miles (375 km) east of Manila, Philippines. Vamco was moving toward the west at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 85 m.p.h. (135 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 973 mb.

Typhoon Vamco intensified rapidly on Tuesday. A circular eye was visible on satellite images. The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Typhoon Vamco. Storms near the center were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the typhoon. Winds to typhoon force extended out 30 miles (50 km) from the center of Vamco. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 175 miles (280 km) from the center of circulation.

Typhoon Vamco will move through an environment that will be favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours. Vamco will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C. It will move through a region where the upper level winds are weak and there will be little vertical wind shear. Typhoon Vamco will continue to intensify rapidly and it could strengthen to the equivalent of a major hurricane.

Typhoon Vamco will move south of a high pressure system over the Western North Pacific Ocean. The high will steer Vamco toward the west during the next several days. On its anticipated track Typhoon Vamco will make landfall on the east coast of Luzon in about 12 hours. The center of Vamco will pass north of Manila and the core of Typhoon Vamco could come close to San Francisco.

Typhoon Vamco will bring strong winds and heavy rain to Luzon. Vamco will be capable of causing major damage. The heavy rain will cause flash floods in part of Luzon. Typhoon Vamco could cause a storm surge of up to 10 feet (3 meters) on the east coast of Luzon. Vamco will weaken when the center passes over Luzon, but it is likely to still be a typhoon when it passes north of Manila. Typhoon Vamco is also likely to cause widespread power outages on Luzon.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Depression Etau was dropping heavy rain over Cambodia. At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Depression Etau was located at latitude 12.5°N and longitude 105.5°E which put it about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Etau was moving toward the west at 12 m.p.h. (19 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 25 m.p.h. (40 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 30 m.p.h. (50 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb.

Tropical Storm Etau Nears Vietnam, Vamco Threatens Philippines

Tropical Storm Etau neared Vietnam on Monday and newly formed Tropical Storm Vamco threatened the Philippines. At 4:00 a.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Etau was located at latitude 12.8°N and longitude 111.6°E which put it about 170 miles (280 km) east of Tuy Hoa, Vietnam. Etau was moving toward the west at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 995 mb.

The distribution of thunderstorms around Tropical Storm Etau was asymmetrical. Etau was moving under the southern part of an upper level ridge over eastern Asia. The ridge was producing easterly winds which were blowing toward the top of Etau. Those winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear. The shear was causing the stronger thunderstorms to occur in bands on the western side of Tropical Storm Etau. The bands in the eastern side of Etau consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 150 miles (240 km) in the northern half of Tropical Storm Etau. Winds to tropical storm force only extended out 50 miles in the southern half of Etau.

Tropical Storm Etau will move south of a high pressure system over eastern Asia. The high will steer Etau toward the west during the next two days. On its anticipated track the center of Etau will make landfall in Vietnam near Tuy Hoa in about 12 hours.

Tropical Storm Etau will move through an environment that should allow it to maintain its intensity until it makes landfall in Vietnam. Etau will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C. The upper level ridge over eastern Asia will continue to cause moderate vertical wind shear which will limit intensification.

Since the stronger thunderstorms are in the western half of Tropical Storm Etau, heavy rain will fall over central Vietnam before the center of Etau makes landfall. Etau will drop locally heavy rain over central Vietnam, northern Cambodia, southern Laos and northeastern Thailand. The ground is already saturated in that region and flash floods are likely.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm Vamco developed east of the Philippines. At 4:00 a.m. EST on Monday the center of Tropical Storm Vamco was located at latitude 12.8°N and longitude 130.6°E which put it about 370 miles (605 km) east of Laoang, Philippines. Vamco was moving toward the northwest at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1002 mb. Tropical Storm Vamco is forecast to move toward Luzon and to strengthen into a typhoon.

Typhoon Molave Makes Landfall in Vietnam

Typhoon Molave made landfall on the central coast of Vietnam on Tuesday night. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Typhoon Molave was located at latitude 15.1°N and longitude 109.1°E which put it about 10 miles (15 km) east of Quang Ngai, Vietnam. Molave was moving toward the west-northwest at 18 m.p.h. (30 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 105 m.p.h. (165 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 125 m.p.h. (200 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 957 mb.

Typhoon Molave made landfall on the coast of Vietnam near Quang Ngai on Tuesday night. Winds to typhoon force extended out 45 miles (75 km) from the center of Molave. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 150 miles (240 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Molave was 17.8. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 17.2 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 35.0. Molave was capable of causing regional serious damage.

Typhoon Molave will cause winds to typhoon force along the central coast of Vietnam. Molave will cause a significant storm surge near and to the north of where the center made landfall. Typhoon Molave will weaken steadily while it moves inland. Molave will drop locally heavy rain over parts of central Vietnam, southern Laos, northern Cambodia and northeastern Thailand. The surface in those areas is already saturated by rain dropped be previous tropical cyclones and other weather systems. Molave will almost certainly cause floods in some locations.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific, a new tropical depression formed east of the Philippines. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Depression 22W was located at latitude 16.6°N and longitude 139.6°E which put it about 1200 miles (1965 km) east of the Philippines. The depression was moving toward the west at 7 m.p.h. (11 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 1006 mb. The tropical depression is forecast to move toward the Philippines and to strengthen into a typhoon.

Typhoon Molave Intensifies to Equivalent of a Major Hurricane

Typhoon Molave intensified to the equivalent of a major hurricane east of Vietnam on Monday night. At 11:00 p.m. EDT on Monday the center of Typhoon Molave was located at latitude 13.4°N and longitude 114.1°E which put it about 465 miles (750 km) east-southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam. Molave was moving toward the west at 14 m.p.h. (22 km/h). The maximum sustained wind speed was 115 m.p.h. (185 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 145 m.p.h. (235 km/h). The minimum surface pressure was 952 mb.

Typhoon Molave intensified steadily on Monday and it strengthened into the equivalent of a major hurricane over the South China Sea east of Vietnam. An eye appeared at the center of Typhoon Molave intermittently on satellite images. The eye was surrounded by a ring of strong thunderstorms and the strongest winds were occurring in that ring of storms. Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the core of Molave. Storms near the core generated upper level divergence which pumped mass away from the typhoon.

The circulation around Typhoon Molave increased in size on Monday. Winds to typhoon force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of Molave. Winds to tropical storm force extended out 190 miles (305 km) from the center of circulation. The Hurricane Intensity Index (HII) for Typhoon Molave was 20.6. The Hurricane Size Index (HSI) was 20.3 and the Hurricane Wind Intensity Size Index (HWISI) was 40.9. Typhoon Molave was capable of causing major damage.

Typhoon Molave will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 hours. Molave will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C. It will move under the southern part of an upper level ridge. The ridge will produce easterly winds which will cause some vertical wind shear. The wind shear will limit the intensification during the next 12 hours. The upper level easterly winds could get stronger later on Tuesday. Stronger winds would cause more vertical wind shear which could cause Molave to start to weaken.

Typhoon Molave will move south of a high pressure system over eastern Asia. The high will steer Molave toward the west. On its anticipated track Typhoon Molave will approach the coast of Vietnam near Quy Nhon in about 24 hours. Molave will be capable of causing serious wind damage when it makes landfall. Wind blowing water toward the coast could cause a storm surge of up to 10 feet (3 meters) along the coast of central Vietnam. Typhoon Molave will drop locally heavy rain over central Vietnam, southern Laos, northern Cambodia and northeastern Thailand. Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some of those places.

Tropical Storm Linfa Makes Landfall in Vietnam

Tropical Storm Linfa made landfall on the coast of Vietnam on Sunday.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Linfa was located at latitude 15.4°N and longitude 107.4°E which put it about 50 miles (80 km) east of Lamam, Laos.  Linfa was moving toward the west at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

The center of Tropical Storm Linfa made landfall on the central coast of Vietnam south of Da Nang on Sunday.  Linfa brought tropical storm force winds to the portion of the coast south of Da Nang.  Tropical Storm Linfa dropped heavy rain over central Vietnam, southern Laos and northeastern Cambodia.  Linfa is forecast to continue to move toward the west and it will be over northeastern Thailand on Monday.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm Chan-hom weakened southeast of Japan and a new tropical depression formed west of the Philippines.  At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Chan-hom was located at latitude 31.1°N and longitude 142.2°E which put it about 300 miles (485 km) south-southeast of Tokyo, Japan.  Chan-hom was moving toward the southeast at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

At 11:00 a.m. EDT on Sunday the center of Tropical Depression 18W was located at latitude 17.1°N and longitude 118.3°E which put it about 700 miles (1130 km) east of Da Nang, Vietnam.  The depression was moving toward the west at 10 m.p.h. (16 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 35 m.p.h. (55 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1002 mb.

Tropical Storm Linfa Forms East of Vietnam

Tropical Storm Linfa formed east of Vietnam on Saturday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Linfa was located at latitude 15.0°N and longitude 109.9°E which put it about 155 miles (250 km) east-southeast of Da Nang, Vietnam.  Linfa was moving toward the west at 21 m.p.h. (34 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 997 mb.

More thunderstorms developed near the center of a low pressure system over the South China Sea east of Vietnam and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Linfa on Saturday.  The circulation around Tropical Storm Linfa exhbited better organization.  More thunderstorms formed near the center of circulation.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were revolving around the center of Linfa.  Storms near the center generated upper level divergence which pumped mass away to the west of the tropical storm.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 100 miles (160 km) from the center of Linfa.

A high pressure system over eastern Asia will steer Tropical Storm Linfa quickly toward the west during the next two days.  On its anticipated track Linfa will make landfall on the coast of Vietnam south of Da Nang in about 8 hours.  Tropical Storm Linfa will move through an environment favorable for intensification until it makes landfall.  Linfa will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move under the southern part of an upper level ridge.  The ridge will produce easterly winds which will blow toward the top of Tropical Storm Linfa.  Those winds will cause moderate vertical wind shear.  The shear will limit the rate of intensification but Linfa will strengthen before it makes landfall.

Tropical Storm Linfa will make landfall on the coast of Vietnam south of Da Nang in a few hours.  Linfa will bring gusty winds and locally heavy rain to parts of central Vietnam, southern Laos, northern Cambodia and northeastern Thailand.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Elsewhere over the Western North Pacific Ocean, Tropical Storm Chan-hom was passing south of Japan.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Saturday the center of Tropical Storm Chan-hom was located at latitude 32.0°N and longitude 139.8°E which put it about 215 miles (345 km) south of Tokyo, Japan.  Chan-hom was moving toward the east at 15 m.p.h. (24 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 75 m.p.h. (120 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 985 mb.

Tropical Storm Nakri Brings Wind, Rain to Vietnam and Cambodia

Tropical Storm Nakri brought wind and rain to Vietnam and Cambodia on Sunday.  At 4:00 p.m. EST on Sunday the center of Tropical Storm Nakri was located at latitude 13.0°N and longitude 108.9°E which put it about 20 miles (35 km) west of Tuy Hoa, Vietnam.  Nakri was moving toward the west at 8 m.p.h. (13 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 992 mb.

The center of Tropical Storm Nakri made landfall on the coast of Vietnam near Tuy Hoa on Sunday.  The maximum sustained wind speed at the time of landfall was 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  Nakri moved slowly toward the west after it made landfall.  Tropical Storm Nakri has been weakening slowly since the center moved over land.  The heaviest rain was falling in bands in the western half of the circulation.  Heavy rain was falling over portions of southern Vietnam and northeastern Cambodia.  The strongest winds were occurring in the eastern half of Nakri which was still over the South China Sea.  Winds to tropical storm force extended out 60 miles (95 km) from the center of circulation.

Tropical Storm Nakri will move south of a ridge over high pressure over the South China Sea and southeast Asia.  The ridge will steer Nakri toward the west-northwest during the next 24 to 36 hours.  Tropical Storm Nakri will continue to weaken as it moves farther inland.  On its anticipated track Nakri will drop locally heavy rain over parts of southern Vietnam, northern Cambodia, southern Laos and eastern Thailand.  Heavy rain could cause flash floods in some locations.

Tropical Storm Matmo Makes Landfall in Vietnam

Tropical Storm Matmo made landfall on the southern coast of Vietnam near Quy Nhon on Wednesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Wednesday the center of Tropical Storm Matmo was located at latitude 13.7°N and longitude 108.2°E which put it about 50 miles (80 km) west of Quy Nhon, Vietnam.  Matmo was moving toward the west at 13 m.p.h. (20 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 65 m.p.h. (105 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 944 mb.

Tropical Storm Matmo organized quickly as it approached the coast of southern Vietnam on Wednesday.  The inner end of a band of showers and thunderstorms wrapped about 75% around the center of circulation and an eye appeared to be forming.  Thunderstorms near the center of Matmo were generating upper level divergence which was pumping mass away from the tropical storm.  The removal of mass allowed the pressure to decrease which caused the wind speed to increase.  The maximum sustained wind speed at the time when Tropical Storm Matmo made landfall was 60-65 m.p.h. (95-105 km/h).

Tropical Storm Matmo began to weaken after the center moved over land.  The strongest winds were occurring in bands of showers and thunderstorms in the eastern half of Matmo over the South China Sea.  Wind speeds in the parts of the circulation what were over land were less.  Tropical Storm Matmo will continue to move westward during the next several days.  Matmo will drop heavy rain over parts of southern Vietnam, Cambodia, southern Laos, and Thailand.  Heavy rain could cause floods in some locations.

Tropical Storm Matmo Forms East of Vietnam

Tropical Storm Matmo formed over the South China Sea east of Vietnam on Tuesday.  At 5:00 p.m. EDT on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Matmo was located at latitude 12.7°N and longitude 112.2°E which put it about 60 miles (260 km) east of Dai Lanh, Vietnam.  Matmo was moving toward the west at 16 m.p.h. (26 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 45 m.p.h. (75 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 60 m.p.h. (95 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 998 mb.

More thunderstorms developed near the center of a low pressure system over the South China Sea east of Vietnam on Tuesday and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Matmo.  The circulation around Tropical Storm Matmo was still organizing.  Thunderstorms were forming around the center of circulation.  Bands of showers and thunderstorms were developing in the northern and western parts of the tropical storm.  Bands in the eastern and southern parts of the circulation consisted primarily of showers and lower clouds.  Storms near the center of circulation were beginning to generate upper level divergence.

Tropical Storm Matmo will move through an environment favorable for intensification during the next 12 to 18 hours.  Matmo will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 29°C.  It will move under the west part of an upper level ridge where the winds are weaker and where there is less vertical wind shear.  Tropical Storm Matmo could strengthen during the next 12 hours.  Matmo will near the coast of Vietnam in about 12 hours and it will start to weaken when the center moves over land.

Tropical Storm Matmo will move south of a ridge of high pressure over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge will steer Matmo toward the west.  On its anticipated track Tropical Storm Matmo could make landfall on the coast of Vietnam between Dai Lanh and Quy Nhon in 12 to 18 hours.  Matmo will bring gusty winds to the coastal regions of southern Vietnam.  Tropical Storm Matmo could also drop heavy rain over parts of southern Vietnam, Cambodia, southern Laos and eastern Thailand.  Heavy rain could cause floods in some locations.

Tropical Storm Pabuk Forms Over South China Sea

Tropical Storm Pabuk formed over the South China Sea near Pulau Laut on Tuesday.  At 10:00 p.m. EST on Tuesday the center of Tropical Storm Pabuk was located at latitude 5.9°N and longitude 108.2°E which put it about 675 miles (1090 km) east-southeast of Chumphon, Thailand.  Pabuk was moving toward the west at 6 m.p.h. (10 km/h).  The maximum sustained wind speed was 40 m.p.h. (65 km/h) and there were wind gusts to 50 m.p.h. (80 km/h).  The minimum surface pressure was 1000 mb.

More thunderstorms developed near the western side of the center of Tropical Depression 36W and the Japan Meteorological Agency designated the system as Tropical Storm Pabuk.  The distribution of thunderstorms around Tropical Storm Pabuk was asymmetrical.  Many of the stronger thunderstorms were occurring west of the center of circulation.  Pabuk was near the western end of a subtropical ridge over the Western North Pacific Ocean.  The ridge was producing southeasterly winds which were blowing toward the top of the circulation.  Those winds were causing moderate vertical wind shear and they were inhibiting upper level divergence to the west of Tropical Storm Pabuk.  The wind shear was also probably causing the asymmetrical distribution of thunderstorms.  Several bands of showers and thunderstorms were located on the northern periphery of Pabuk.

Tropical Storm Pabuk will move through an environment somewhat favorable for intensification.  Pabuk will move over water where the Sea Surface Temperature is near 28°C.  The upper level ridge over the Western North Pacific will continue to cause vertical wind shear, but the strength of the upper level winds could weaken slightly.  Wind shear will inhibit intensification, but Tropical Storm Pabuk is likely to strengthen during the next 24 to 48 hours.

The ridge over the Western North Pacific will steer Tropical Storm Pabuk toward the west-northwest during the next several days.  On its anticipated track Pabuk could approach southern Thailand in 48 to 60 hours.